How to of the Day This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License, except where noted otherwise. https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Main-Page Learn (and occasionally laugh) with wikiHow's, "How-to of the Day". Try a new skill every day after reading these articles with step by step images and videos. Learn new skills, solve everyday problems. From wikiHow, the wiki how-to manual. en Mon, 13 Jul 2020 02:00:02 GMT 20 wikiHow 144 37 https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Main-Page https://www.wikihow.com/skins/WikiHow/whlogo-rssfeed-20140707.jpg How to Make Cashew Milk https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-Cashew-Milk https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-Cashew-Milk Cashew milk is a great substitute for dairy or soy milk, and it’s easy to make at home in the blender. Unlike other nut milks, you don’t have to strain it, although you can if you want it to be extra smooth. To make cashew milk, soak raw cashews overnight, drain, then blend with water. Sweeten your homemade milk with honey or maple syrup, or flavor it with chocolate or strawberries!

Cashew milk is a great substitute for dairy or soy milk, and it’s easy to make at home in the blender. Unlike other nut milks, you don’t have to strain it, although you can if you want it to be extra smooth. To make cashew milk, soak raw cashews overnight, drain, then blend with water. Sweeten your homemade milk with honey or maple syrup, or flavor it with chocolate or strawberries!

[Edit]Ingredients

[Edit]Cashew Milk

  • 1 cup (125 g) raw cashews
  • distilled water
  • maple syrup or honey (optional)
  • 3-6 pitted dates (optional)
  • vanilla extract (optional)
  • Pinch of sea salt
  • 2 tablespoons (16 g) cacao powder (for chocolate milk)
  • 1 teaspoon (2 g) ground cinnamon (for cinnamon milk)
  • 3 cups (600 g) fresh strawberries (for strawberry milk)

Makes about

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Making Blended Cashew Milk

  1. Choose fresh, raw cashews for the best milk. Cashews, like all nuts, can go rancid, and rancid nuts will also produce rancid milk. Find a cashew supplier with fresh nuts to use for your milk. You will also get the best taste if you use raw cashews that haven’t been roasted or salted.[1]
    Make Cashew Milk Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • Store the cashews in an airtight container in the refrigerator until you are ready to use them. They will stay fresh for about 4 months this way.[2]
  2. Soak 1 c (125 g) of cashews in water for at least 2 hours for extra creamy milk. To do this, put the nuts into a bowl or large glass jar. Then, cover them with filtered water and add a pinch of sea salt. Cover the container with a kitchen towel and leave the nuts to soak at room temperature for at least 2 hours. You can also leave them overnight or up to 48 hours. The longer the cashews soak, the creamier your milk will be.[3]

    • If you forget to soak your cashews before you make the milk, you can also put them in hot water for 15 minutes to soften them up a bit.
    • You can make cashew milk with unsoaked cashews, but the milk’s texture will not be as creamy.
  3. Drain the cashews and discard the soak water. Place a sieve or a spaghetti strainer over the sink and pour the cashews and their soak water into it. Don’t use the soak water to make the milk. Rinse the cashews thoroughly in the sieve under cool water.[4]

  4. Blend the cashews and some fresh water on high for 1-2 minutes. Add distilled water and 1 cup (125 g) raw cashews to a high-powered blender. Blend until the milk is smooth and creamy.[5]

  5. Strain the cashew milk through a cheesecloth to get a smoother texture. Cashew milk does not have to be strained, but if you want a smoother texture you can strain it. To do this, line a fine-mesh strainer with 2 layers of cheesecloth. Place it over a large bowl. Pour the nut milk through the strainer. Gather the ends of the cheesecloth and twist closed. Squeeze and press the bundle of nut pulp inside the cheesecloth to get as much of the nut milk out into the bowl as possible.[6]

    • Unstrained cashew milk has a tendency to separate in the fridge and will need to be stirred before serving.
    • Save the cashew pulp for other recipes. Freeze it in a sealable plastic bag or an ice tray and pop it into your next smoothie for a hint of nutty flavor. Add some to your oatmeal or to cookie or muffin dough. Try folding it into homemade granola before you bake it.[7]
  6. Store the cashew milk in a sealed container in the fridge for 2-3 days. Cashew milk goes sour pretty easily, so it’s best to make it in small batches and drink it within 2-3 days. If you used unsoaked cashews, your milk will keep in the refrigerator for about 5 days.[8]

    • The cashew milk has gone bad if it turns yellow, smells sour, or becomes more slimy in texture.[9]

[Edit]Sweetening and Flavoring Homemade Cashew Milk

  1. Make your cashew milk sweeter with vanilla extract and honey. Before you blend your cashews, add vanilla extract and honey to the blender. This will give some sweetness to the cashew milk without changing its original flavor too much.
    Make Cashew Milk Step 7.jpg
    • For a vegan option, use 3-6 pitted dates or maple syrup instead of honey.
  2. Make chocolate cashew milk for a cool, refreshing alternative to hot cocoa. If you want to satisfy your sweet tooth on a hot summer day, make your cashew milk chocolate-flavored. Add 2 tablespoons (16 g) cacao powder to the blender before you blend the milk.
    Make Cashew Milk Step 8.jpg
  3. Mix up cashew milk that’s perfect for cold weather by adding cinnamon. Add 1 teaspoon (2 g) ground cinnamon to the blender with the cashews and water. The cinnamon will add a nice spicy flavor to the milk and is the perfect cold drink for the holidays.
    Make Cashew Milk Step 9.jpg
    • If you are craving a hot drink, add the cinnamon cashew milk to your latte for a warm and cozy kick of cinnamon spice.
  4. Make extra creamy, thick strawberry cashew milk for a special treat. Use fresh strawberries in your cashew milk for a decadent sweet treat. Simply add 3 cups (600 g) fresh strawberries to the blender with the cashews and water.[10]
    Make Cashew Milk Step 10.jpg
    • Unstrained strawberry cashew milk will have more of a milkshake texture. If you want to keep the strawberry flavor but give it a more milk-like consistency, strain the milk with a cheesecloth after you’ve blended it.

[Edit]Video

[Edit]Tips

  • Make a thinner or thicker milk by adjusting the amount of water you use. For baking or making lattes, dilute the milk by adding an extra of water.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

  • Jug
  • Blender
  • Sieve or spaghetti strainer
  • Fine-mesh strainer (optional)
  • Cheesecloth (optional)

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Mon, 13 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Make Kraft Macaroni and Cheese https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-Kraft-Macaroni-and-Cheese https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-Kraft-Macaroni-and-Cheese Kraft Macaroni and Cheese is a quick and easy dish that takes only a matter of minutes to prepare! It is often enjoyed without adding any extra ingredients, as it is smooth, creamy, and delicious all on its own. If you like, you can upgrade this regular boxed dish to something a bit more special by adding ingredients such as bacon, ginger, cherry tomatoes, or chili beans. However you choose to prepare your Kraft Macaroni and Cheese, it is sure to always be a success.

Kraft Macaroni and Cheese is a quick and easy dish that takes only a matter of minutes to prepare! It is often enjoyed without adding any extra ingredients, as it is smooth, creamy, and delicious all on its own. If you like, you can upgrade this regular boxed dish to something a bit more special by adding ingredients such as bacon, ginger, cherry tomatoes, or chili beans. However you choose to prepare your Kraft Macaroni and Cheese, it is sure to always be a success.

[Edit]Ingredients

[Edit]Making Standard Kraft Macaroni and Cheese

  • of water
  • 1 package of Kraft Macaroni and Cheese
  • 1/4 cup (55 g) of margarine
  • of milk

Makes 3 servings

[Edit]Upgrading Kraft Macaroni and Cheese

  • 3 slices of American cheese
  • 4 slices of bacon
  • 1/2 tsp (5.7 g) of chipotle in adobo
  • 1 tbsp (3.1 g) of fresh ginger, grated
  • of sriracha hot sauce
  • 1/4 cup (25 g) of green onions, chopped
  • 1/4 cup (25 g) of panko
  • 1/2 cup (74.5 g) of cherry tomatoes, halved
  • of mozzarella balls
  • 1 can of chili beans
  • 1/4 cup (25 g) of cheddar cheese, shredded
  • 1/2 cup (115 g) of sour cream
  • Salt, to taste
  • Black pepper, to taste
  • Cayenne pepper, to taste
  • Curry powder, to taste

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Making Standard Kraft Macaroni and Cheese

  1. Bring of water to a boil in a saucepan. Pour the water into the saucepan. Place the saucepan on the stovetop and adjust the temperature to high. Wait until the water begins to bubble rapidly.[1]

    Make Kraft Macaroni and Cheese Step 1 Version 3.jpg
  2. Cook the macaroni for 7-8 minutes. Open the package with the dry macaroni in it. Carefully pour it into the boiling water, taking care not to splash the water. Stir the macaroni occasionally as it cooks. When the macaroni feels tender, this means that it is ready.[2]

    • Pick up a piece of macaroni using a fork when 7 minutes is up to check that it feels tender. If not, continue boiling the macaroni for an extra 30 seconds and then check it again.[3]
    • Use a wooden spoon to stir the macaroni.[4]
    • Avoid overcooking the macaroni as it will turn mushy.
  3. Drain the water from the macaroni. Remove the saucepan from the heat once the macaroni is tender. Place a colander in the sink and gently tip the contents of the saucepan into it. The water will drain away, leaving the macaroni in the colander.[5]

    • Don’t rinse the macaroni with fresh water.
  4. Place the macaroni, margarine, milk, and cheese sauce mix into the saucepan. Transfer the macaroni from the colander back into the saucepan. Add 1/4 cup (55 g) of margarine, of milk, and the cheese sauce mix into the saucepan.[6]

    • The cheese sauce mix is the second packet in the Kraft Macaroni and Cheese box.
  5. Stir the ingredients to combine them. Use a wooden spoon to mix together the macaroni, margarine, milk, and cheese sauce. Continue stirring until the cheese sauce, milk, and margarine has dissolved into a smooth and creamy sauce.[7][8]

  6. Serve the macaroni and cheese immediately or store it in the refrigerator. Divide the macaroni and cheese into individual serving bowls. If you don’t want to eat it straight away, let it cool before placing it into an airtight container. Store the airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3-5 days.[9]

    Make Kraft Macaroni and Cheese Step 6 Version 3.jpg

[Edit]Upgrading Kraft Macaroni and Cheese

  1. Replace some of the margarine with American cheese to make the dish creamier. Once you have cooked the macaroni and are adding the ingredients into the saucepan to make the cheese sauce, replace half of the margarine with 3 slices of American cheese. This means that you will add 1/8 cup (27.5 g) of margarine, 3 slices of American cheese, of milk, and the cheese sauce mix into the saucepan with the macaroni.
    Make Kraft Macaroni and Cheese Step 7 Version 3.jpg
    • The American cheese will melt as you stir it in.
    • Alternatively, you can add all of the required margarine and 3 slices of American cheese if you want the dish to be extra cheesy However, the dish will become more greasy.
  2. Mix in bacon and chipotle for a spicy and smoky dish. Fry 4 slices of bacon while the macaroni is cooking. Slice the bacon into small pieces once it is cooked. Stir in the bacon pieces and 1/2 tsp (5.7 g) of chipotle in adobo once the macaroni and cheese is ready.[10]

  3. Add sriracha, ginger, green onions, and panko for a more decadent dish. Add a zing of flavor to amp up a regular boxed macaroni and cheese dish. When the dish is complete, stir in 1 tbsp (3.1 g) of freshly grated ginger and of sriracha hot sauce. Then sprinkle 1/4 cup (25 g) of green onions and 1/4 cup (25 g) of panko over the top of the dish.[11]

    • Panko are Japanese breadcrumbs.
    • Adjust the amount of ginger and sriracha hot sauce to taste.
  4. Use cherry tomatoes and basil to make a Margarita-themed dish. Cook the macaroni and cheese first. Then stir in 1/2 cup (74.5 g) of halved cherry tomatoes and 1/4 cup (6.25 g) of fresh, chopped basil. This will also make the dish more colorful![12] of mozzarella balls.}}
    Make Kraft Macaroni and Cheese Step 10 Version 2.jpg
  5. Add chili beans and cheddar cheese to make a hearty meal. Heat up 1 can of chili beans while the macaroni and cheese is cooking. When it’s ready, pour the chili beans over the dish and sprinkle 1/4 cup (25 g) of shredded cheddar cheese on top.[13]
    Make Kraft Macaroni and Cheese Step 11 Version 2.jpg
    • Add 1/2 cup (115 g) of sour cream just before serving if you prefer.
  6. Add your favorite powdered seasonings to jazz it up. Keep it simple by preparing the macaroni and cheese as normal and mixing through salt and freshly ground black pepper once it is ready. Alternatively, try adding a pinch of cayenne pepper or a dash of curry powder to add a spicy hit to this favorite dish.[14]
    Make Kraft Macaroni and Cheese Step 12 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]Video

[Edit]Tips

  • You can freeze Kraft macaroni and cheese in an airtight container or a freezer bag for up to 2 months. Although it will keep indefinitely, its quality will start to degrade after 2 months.[15]
  • Always freeze the cheese sauce with the macaroni, otherwise it will go mushy when it is thawed.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

  • Saucepan
  • Wooden spoon
  • Fork
  • Colander
  • Serving bowls
  • Airtight container

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Sun, 12 Jul 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Stretch-Your-Lower-Back-with-a-Pull-Up-Bar https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Stretch-Your-Lower-Back-with-a-Pull-Up-Bar The muscles in your lower back can be tough to target with ordinary stretches. Luckily, one common yet invaluable piece of fitness equipment can take the difficulty out of your stretching routine—a pull up bar. Simply hanging from a bar or similar surface for a few seconds at a time does a fantastic job of decompressing the spine, improving circulation and mobility in surrounding tissues, and providing much-needed relief to tight, achy muscles.

The muscles in your lower back can be tough to target with ordinary stretches. Luckily, one common yet invaluable piece of fitness equipment can take the difficulty out of your stretching routine—a pull up bar. Simply hanging from a bar or similar surface for a few seconds at a time does a fantastic job of decompressing the spine, improving circulation and mobility in surrounding tissues, and providing much-needed relief to tight, achy muscles.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Performing a Basic Hanging Decompression

  1. Find a pull up bar. This should be no problem if you have a gym membership. If not, canvass your local parks, playgrounds, and outdoor recreation areas. You'll often find pull up bars and other exercise equipment at these places.[1]
    Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar Step 1.jpg
    • Another option is to invest in a portable doorway pull up bar. These are designed to be mounted in any standard-sized door frame, which makes them extremely versatile. You can pick one up for as little as $30-40 at most sporting goods stores.[2]
    • If you don’t have any luck tracking down a proper pull up bar, look for another surface to hang on. It could be a sturdy pipe, a slender tree branch, the top post of a swingset or soccer goal, or even a low ledge with lots of open space underneath.[3]
  2. Reach straight overhead and grab the bar with both hands. Keep your arms shoulder-width apart or just slightly wider. To ensure a stronger connection with the bar, hook your fingers over the top of the bar rather than trying to cup it with your palms. Take a moment to confirm that your grip is nice and secure before you continue.[4]
    Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar Step 2.jpg
    • You can either complete your grip by tucking your thumbs under like you’re making a fist or leave them out to the sides of your index fingers. Go with whichever position feels more natural for you.
    • It may be a good idea to pull on a pair of gloves to protect your hands if the bar or surface you’re using is rough, rusted, or full of splinters.[5]
  3. Lower your weight gradually until you’re in a full hang. Start by moving your center of gravity downwards to put some tension into your arms, which should be completely straight. Then, when you’re ready, continue sinking little by little until all or most of your bodyweight is supported by your arms.[6]
    Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar Step 3.jpg
    • If you need to, you can let your toes or feet rest on the ground for some added assistance.[7]
    • Don’t drop into the hang too suddenly. Doing so could give you an unpleasant jolt or even put you at risk of injuring one or both shoulders.
  4. Hang in a relaxed position for 10-30 seconds. This should be enough time to elongate your spine and allow your individual vertebrae to decompress without totally exhausting you. While you’re hanging, focus on releasing any tightness you might be holding in your core. It may take a few seconds to really loosen up, but once you do, you’ll begin to feel relief immediately.[8]
    Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar Step 4.jpg
    • Face forward and square your hips to make sure your spine stays in alignment. Your back should form a perfectly straight line throughout the stretch.
    • If you don’t have a good way to time yourself, just count off 5-10 slow, deep breaths while concentrating on softening your midsection.
    • As your strength improves, you can start increasing your hang time for a more thorough stretch.
  5. Repeat the exercise 4-6 times with a one-minute break in between each round. An extended rest period will give your arm muscles a chance to recover prior to the next interval. After a few rounds, you should be able to feel a significant improvement in both your upper and lower back.[9]
    Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar Step 5.jpg
    • Feel free to perform this exercise 2-3 times throughout the day, or as often as you feel like you need to.
    • There's evidence to suggest that spinal decompression may help to alleviate mild-to-moderate lower back pain and enhance overall mobility.[10]

[Edit]Adding a Twist for a Deeper Stretch

  1. Find a bar low enough to let you keep your toes on the ground while you hang. You’ll need to hold the twist a little longer than you did the normal hang in order to make it as effective as possible. For this reason, it’s important to make sure that the bar you’re using allows you to remain in contact with the floor so you can use your legs to bear a portion of your weight.[11]
    Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar Step 6.jpg
    • If you’re at the gym, slide an aerobic step or a set of risers or yoga blocks under your feet to elevate yourself.
    • Not only will it be much harder for you to maintain the twist in a full hang, but your arms will also be much more likely to fatigue faster, forcing you to drop before you get the full benefit of the stretch.
  2. Relax your body beneath your shoulders to initiate the hang. When you’re ready, straighten your arms and bend at the hips and knees until your arms are supporting 60-70% of your weight. You should feel firmly rooted but still be able to move your feet easily.[12]
    Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar Step 7.jpg
    • Remember to keep your upper arm, shoulder, and back muscles engaged to avoid stressing your shoulder joints.[13]
  3. Cross one leg in front of the other and rotate your trunk as far as you can. Swivel your lower body so that one of your legs is in front of you and the other is behind you. Set your legs down about apart and stay poised on the balls of your feet or your tip-toes to minimize your contact with the ground.[14]
    Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar Step 8.jpg
    • If you’re especially flexible, aim to get your legs 45-degree angle with your torso to intensify the stretch.
    • Adjusting your lower body could make you feel slightly unsteady, so be careful not to lose your grip on the bar.
  4. Hold the twist for up to 2 minutes. If it’s your first time doing a hanging twist, start with 5-10 seconds and work your way up from there. Your lower back is full of large muscles that play an important role in stabilizing your body, like the lats, internal obliques, gluteus medius, and spinal erectors, so the longer you hold the stretch, the more you’ll get out of it.[15]
    Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar Step 9.jpg
    • Don’t forget to keep up a natural breathing pattern the entire time you’re locked into the stretch.[16]
    • If your arms start to tire out before you reach your targeted time, simply shift more of your weight to your legs.
  5. Switch your stance and complete the stretch on the opposite side. Once you’re done stretching your first side, swivel your hips over the other way, plant your feet, and reset your timer. Try to hold the stretch for the same length of time on your second side. Afterwards, your back should feel rejuvenated and ready to go![17]
    Stretch Your Lower Back with a Pull Up Bar Step 10.jpg
    • You can repeat this stretch up to 2-3 times per side, if you like. You may not feel the need to, however, if you opted to hold it for longer than about half a minute on each side.
    • This can also make an excellent mobility drill to add to your warm up routine.[18]

[Edit]Tips

  • Try to get in the habit of decompressing your spine at least once every couple of days whenever you have some extra time. Your body will thank you for it!
  • Regular safe stretching can do wonders for the health of your spine (and therefore your all-around health), especially if you have poor posture or do a lot of sitting throughout the day.
  • Online resources like Calisthenics Parks can point you towards outdoor recreation areas that offer pull up bars near you.[19]

[Edit]Warnings

  • If you have a history of back or shoulder problems, consult your doctor before you attempt either of the stretches described here. They could just end up making your discomfort worse.
  • Be careful not to let your body rotate while performing an unsupported hanging decompression, as this could potentially place your vertebrae in a compromised position.
  • Note that doorway pull up bars are typically only rated to support between and .
  • Avoid hanging on anything that looks unstable or easily breakable. If you’re not certain that it can hold you, you’re probably better off finding a safer alternative.

[Edit]References

]]>
Sun, 12 Jul 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Make an Electric Race Car https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-an-Electric-Race-Car https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-an-Electric-Race-Car Have you ever sped around a track in a go-kart? What if you could make your own tiny electric go-kart and send imaginary riders on a wild race? With a few simple parts, like a button battery, a small motor, and the head of a toothbrush, you can do just that! Once you’ve built your electric racer, make a track for it out of popsicle sticks and see how fast it can go.

Have you ever sped around a track in a go-kart? What if you could make your own tiny electric go-kart and send imaginary riders on a wild race? With a few simple parts, like a button battery, a small motor, and the head of a toothbrush, you can do just that! Once you’ve built your electric racer, make a track for it out of popsicle sticks and see how fast it can go.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Building Your Car

  1. Stick the double-sided tape on the back of the brush head. Peel the paper backing off of one side of your double-sided tape. Stick it onto the back of the toothbrush head, opposite the bristles.

    • Leave a little space behind the tape, where the narrow cut-off stem of the toothbrush starts. You’ll need this space for the spinner on your motor.
  2. Attach the motor to the double-sided tape. Peel the backing off of the top side of the double-sided tape. Push your motor onto it so that the spinner faces the back of the brush (where the handle used to be) and the wires face the front.

    • Test the spinner on the back of the motor by turning it with your finger. Make sure it can move freely, since it will need to spin for your car to work!
  3. Bend the red wire and stick it onto the tape. Take the red wire on the motor and bend it into a semi-circle. Push the metal tip of the wire onto the tape in front of the motor so it sticks.

    • Don’t push the wire in so hard that it sticks deep in the tape. Otherwise, it might not be able to make good contact with the battery.
  4. Push the battery onto the tape on top of the red wire. Take your button battery and stick it on the piece of tape so that the “+” side faces up. Make sure the metal end of the wire is underneath the battery.

    • Leave a gap between the battery and the front end of the motor.
  5. Touch the blue wire to the battery to test the motor. Take the metal end of the blue wire and touch it to the top of the battery. The spinner on the motor should start to spin and make your toothbrush vibrate!

    • If the motor doesn’t start spinning, make sure the red wire is making good contact with the underside of the battery.
    • You can also double check to make sure the spinner isn’t sticking to the tape.

[Edit]Testing It Out

  1. Set the car down on a flat surface. Now it’s time to see how your car runs! Put it down on a flat, smooth surface, like a table or a hard floor. Make sure the bristles on the toothbrush are facing down.
    Make an Electric Race Car Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • Your car may not move very well on a soft or bumpy surface, like a carpet or a blanket.
  2. Push the blue wire against the battery to make your car go. Touch the wire to the battery and see what happens. Does the wire stay in place when you let your car go? Does your car move around? Does it stay upright?

  3. Add pipe cleaners to help your car work better. Now that you’ve tested your car, think about ways you can improve its performance. Grab the pipe cleaners that came with your kit. Try fitting them into the space between the motor and the battery.

    • Can you use them to help your car balance better? How?
    • Can they help hold the blue wire in place?
    • Keep testing the car until it works the way you want it to!

[Edit]Designing a Track

  1. Make 2 guardrails using popsicle sticks and clay. Grab a popsicle stick and make 2 small balls of clay. Stick a piece of clay on the edge of the popsicle stick next to each end. Set it down so that it stands up on its side like a railing or fence, with the clay balls supporting it. Get another popsicle stick and do the same thing.

    • If your rails don’t stand up, squish the bottoms of the clay balls a little bit to create a flat base.
  2. Set the rails side by side to create a path for your car. Put the 2 guardrails down next to each other so that they’re parallel (both facing the same way). Make sure there’s enough room in between them for your mini racecar to go through!

  3. Release your car at the entrance of the path and watch what happens. Turn on your racecar and put it at the start of the path you made with the popsicle stick guardrails. What does the car do? Does it follow the path?

    • Does your car travel differently when it’s between the railings than it does when you let it run loose?
  4. Add more popsicle sticks to make a longer track. Build more guardrails and put them together to make a nice, long track for your race car. Get creative and make the track any shape you want!

    • Try adding some turns to your track. What happens when your car comes to a turn?
    • Use a stopwatch or a watch that shows seconds to time how long it takes your car to complete the track.
  5. Project Completed! Test out your new electric race car.
    Make an Electric Race Car Step 8 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

  • Bristle Bot Kit
    • Toothbrush head
    • Double-sided tape
    • Motor
    • Button battery
    • Pipe cleaners
  • 30 popsicle sticks
  • Model Magic clay

[Edit]References

]]>
Sun, 12 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Fix a Punching Bag https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Fix-a-Punching-Bag https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Fix-a-Punching-Bag Punching bags can withstand a lot, but even the best ones don’t last forever. Tears form, straps break, and even the filling inside your bag will wear out if you hit it enough. Instead of spending a lot of money on a new bag, you can find some clever ways to fix your old one. Most rips are pretty easy to fix even if you don’t know how to sew. You can also soften up a bag by refilling it with fresh stuffing. Take care of your punching bag to get right back into your workout routine.

Punching bags can withstand a lot, but even the best ones don’t last forever. Tears form, straps break, and even the filling inside your bag will wear out if you hit it enough. Instead of spending a lot of money on a new bag, you can find some clever ways to fix your old one. Most rips are pretty easy to fix even if you don’t know how to sew. You can also soften up a bag by refilling it with fresh stuffing. Take care of your punching bag to get right back into your workout routine.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Repairing Tears with Tape

  1. Trim the frayed edges around the rip with scissors. Pull the torn flaps back gently, then inspect them for any loose threads. Trim them so they look as neat as they possibly can. When you’re done, flatten them against the bag again unless you have some stuffing to put back in first.[1]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • You won’t have to take the punching bag down to repair it, but you can if the tears are difficult to reach.
  2. Tuck any loose stuffing back inside the bag. Pull back the torn portion, then push the stuffing back inside. Make sure the bag’s outer surface is level and consistent before making any repairs. If it doesn’t seem right now, then it most likely won’t be too fun to hit later.
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 2 Version 2.jpg
    • If you lost some of the stuffing, you can always replace it. They are usually filled with rags, so fill them with something similar, like old clothing.
    • When your punching bag loses stuffing, it won’t be as soft on your hands. The extra stress on your fingers and wrist increases the chance of injury.
  3. Clean the bag with soap and water to remove debris. Mix together about of hot water and of dish soap. Give the torn part a good scrubbing with a sponge dampened in the soapy water. If you haven’t cleaned it in a while, you can also wipe down the rest of the bag.[2]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 3 Version 2.jpg
    • Vinegar is also an effective cleaner. Substitute of it in place of the dish soap, for instance.
    • If you have a leather bag, you could use a leather cleaner instead to protect it from moisture damage.
  4. Wash the bag off with a damp rag to remove the soap. Dampen a cloth or sponge lightly in warm water, then squeeze out the excess moisture before using it on the bag. Make sure you get all of the soap and any remaining debris around the flap. When you’re done, wipe it dry before starting the repair.[3]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • The tape won’t stick very well if the bag is dirty or damp, so take plenty of time getting it clean.
  5. Place overlapping strips of duct tape vertically over the hole. Cut the first length of duct tape so it overlaps the hole by on both ends. Fit it along the left or right edges of the tear. Then, place the next strip, overlapping the first one halfway. Keep placing new strips this way until the hole is covered.[4]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • Overlapping the strips makes the repair stronger. The tape should create a strong webbing without any gaps in it. That way, it won’t fall right back apart the next time you hit it.
  6. Set strips of duct tape horizontally over the edges of the repair. Cut the strips so they are long enough to stretch across the web of tape you made earlier. Fit them along the top and bottom edges of the tear. Position them so they overlap the existing straps halfway. They are meant to lock the repair in place, keeping the vertical webbing stuck to the bag.[5]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 6 Version 2.jpg
  7. Apply athletic tape horizontally across the repair to seal it. Cut strips of tape that are long enough to cover the duct tape. Fit the first strip over one of the pieces of duct tape you laid horizontally earlier. Then, lay another strip next to it, overlapping it halfway. Keep placing more strips this way until all of the duct tape is covered.[6]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 7 Version 2.jpg
    • To hide the repair as much as possible, choose a color of athletic tape that most closely matches the color of your punching bag.
    • Athletic tape is available online and at most sporting goods stores.
    • Once the torn part is sealed off with tape, you can safely hit it again. The seal will usually hold for a long time. If the tape comes undone, replace it to reseal the tear.

[Edit]Replacing Hardened Stuffing

  1. Hit the bag to soften the filling if you don’t want to replace it. Believe it or not, the simplest way to soften up a worn-out punching bag is to punch it some more. You can leave it hanging and then hit or kick it until it reaches the softness you desire. However, try taking it down, sitting on it, stomping on it, and finding other ways to use it. It distributes the filler much more evenly so your bag stays in prime condition for longer.[7]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • Punching bags harden when all the filler material sinks to the bottom. If the bag feels hard on the bottom but empty at the top, then the filler is the problem.
    • Whenever your bag needs adjustment, hit it to redistribute the filler. The fix doesn’t last forever, but you can keep doing it indefinitely to avoid having to refill the bag.
  2. Replace the stuffing with sand and clothing to keep your punching bag soft. Even if you soften the old filling, it will start to harden again. The only way to fix the bag is to swap out the old stuffing for a new batch. It’s a little messy, but it isn’t very difficult to do. You can make your own stuffing at home instead of buying replacement material from a punching bag manufacturer.[8]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 9 Version 2.jpg
    • The new stuffing eventually wears out too, but it lasts at least as long as the original stuffing used in the bag. Make sure you pack it well to ensure it lasts as long as possible.
    • If the stuffing starts to solidify, you can always take it down and hit it to soften it up again.
  3. Unzip the bag to empty out all of the old filler if you’re replacing it. Take the bag down from where it’s hanging, then find the zipper along its top edge. Unzip it to expose the filling. Have some empty trash bags nearby to collect all of the loose filling. Try to put the punching bag inside the trash bag and then tip it over to spill the filling out.[9]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 10 Version 2.jpg
    • Punching bags are filled with loose material like sand and shredded fabric. Changing out the filling can get messy, so be prepared for some of it to spill out as soon as you undo the zipper.
    • Some bags have sacks inside of them. They might be filled with water, air, sand, or something else. If they are still in good shape, you could reuse them.
  4. Cut the metal off of up to of clothing. Collect a bunch of used clothing you don’t mind shredding up. Use a sharp pair of scissors to cut off zippers, buttons, and any other metal parts that could puncture your bag. Don’t worry about cutting the clothing, since you won’t ever see it once it’s inside the bag.[10]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 11 Version 2.jpg
    • Cut clothing scraps are perfectly fine to use, but make sure you stuff them down around the bag. Using uncut clothing is easier since it fills the space faster with less mess.
  5. Fill 3 to 5 sandwich bags with sand if you want the bag to be harder. Get a few resealable plastic bags that can hold up to of sand. Buy some play sand and use it to fill the bags up as much as possible. Then, close the bags and make sure they stay sealed. As long as the sand stays inside the plastic bag, it won’t damage your punching bag.[11]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 12 Version 2.jpg
    • You can stuff your bag with only clothing. It will be gentler on your body, but you won’t develop as much strength from hitting it.
    • If you don’t have sand available, you could use sawdust, grains, or something similar. Pick something that adds weight to the bag but won’t hurt your hands if you hit it.
  6. Wrap duct tape around the plastic bags for additional padding. At the very least, wrap a piece of tape across the resealable end of each bag to prevent it from bursting open when you hit it. For additional protection, cover the entire bag with tape. Keep wrapping the tape around the bag until you are no longer able to see the plastic underneath it, then cut it from the roll. If you see any exposed spots, cover them with another piece of tape.[12]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 13 Version 2.jpg
    • You can’t really use too much tape, so add more if the bag doesn’t look too protected. More cushioning is better, since a burst bag creates a big mess that could wear down the inner part of your punching bag.
  7. Add a sandbag and filling to the bottom of the bag. Open up the bag, then place a sealed sandbag in the center. Surround it with clothing to protect it from damage. Pack in as much clothing as you can so the punching bag is thick and well-cushioned.[13]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 14 Version 2.jpg
    • Keep the filling centered in the bag so it receives as little impact from your punches and kicks as possible. The clothing is meant to soften the blows, and it won’t work if the sandbags are on the outside or shift around while you’re training.
  8. Use a bat to push the stuffing down toward the bottom of the bag. If you don’t have a bat available, find something solid, like the pole end of a rake or broom. Press down on the clothing, taking care not to break the sandbag in the center. Afterward, check how cushioned the sandbag is. You will probably see some space around it. Put some more clothing in to protect it.[14]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 15 Version 2.jpg
    • Get the stuffing nice and tight. You will end up with room to stuff in more clothing to pad the sandbags and hold them in place.
  9. Place sandbags apart while packing the bag. Keep adding more clothing to the bag, pressing it down with the bat. After filling it with of material, place another sandbag in the center. Add another layer of clothing, compressing it with a bat. Continue alternating sandbags and clothing until the entire bag is full.[15]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 16 Version 2.jpg
    • Once the bag is full, zip it up and hang it to test it out. Make sure it feels full but comfortable to use.
    • With regular use, punching bags tend to last about a year. You can then replace the stuffing or readjust it to make the bag soft enough to comfortably hit again.
  10. Zip up and hang the punching bag when you’re done stuffing it. Make sure the bag is fully packed with the stuffing underneath the zipper at the top. Pull the zipper closed, then lift it up, using a small stepladder if you need it. Clip the bag to the hanging hook on its stand or ceiling mount, then give it a test run.[16]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 17 Version 2.jpg
    • Before hanging the bag, test it out. Try hitting it a few times. Make sure you’re happy with the consistency so you don’t have to take it back down again.

[Edit]Reattaching Broken Straps

  1. Detach the punching bag from its hanging mount. Set up a small stepladder if you need it to reach the bag. The straps will be tied around at least one ring clipped to the mount. Pull back the latch on the ring to open it, then lower the bag to the floor.[17]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 18 Version 2.jpg
    • Have a friend help you catch the bag. You can do it on your own, but it’s easier to have someone else support its weight while you climb down the ladder.
  2. Thread heavy twine in a sewing awl to fix nylon straps. Unscrew the metal cap on top of the awl and take out anything inside of it. Place a bobbin of heavy sewing twine in the awl instead. Slide the end of the twine through the hole in the side, making sure it doesn’t get tangled at all. Then, place the metal cover back on top of the awl.[18]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 19 Version 2.jpg
    • A sewing awl is a handheld tool that punches through thick straps so you can thread string through them. You could use a sewing machine, but awls are a beginner-friendly way to do it by hand.
  3. Purchase a new length of nylon webbing if the strap is unfixable. Generally, select a strap about long and wide. If you’re unsure about what size to get, measure the old strap. Make sure the new one is long enough to fold in half. Try to get the kind used camping bags and other accessories, since they are very strong and more than capable of bearing a punching bag’s weight.[19]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 20 Version 2.jpg
    • You can find straps available online and at many outdoor supply stores. Another option is to repurpose an old seatbelt.
    • If the strap is completely broken, purchase a new length of nylon webbing. It’s available online and at most camping supply stores. You could also repurpose an old seatbelt.
    • If the old strap is fixable, you could put a length of material behind it, like nylon webbing, and then sew them together for reinforcement.
  4. Wrap the twine around the awl to thread it through the needle. Look for a small, metal thread holder near the hole you passed the twine through earlier. Loop the thread around the metal, keeping the tail end underneath it. Then, slip the thread through the groove above it until it comes out of the top end of the awl. Thread it through the cap, screw the cap clockwise onto the awl, then insert the needle into the cap to move the thread through it.[20]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 21 Version 2.jpg
    • Your awl may come with a straight and curved needle. Use the straight needle to repair broken straps.
  5. Wrap the nylon strap through the metal rings the punching bag hangs from. Hanging punching bags usually have 4 straps that each connect to a metal ring at the top. Loop the end through the ring, tucking it underneath the rest of the strap. Make sure you pull the strap as tightly as you can.[21]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 22 Version 2.jpg
    • The tail end has to be folded over the rest of the strap by at least in order to effectively sew it together. If the damaged strap is too short for this, consider replacing it.
    • If you’re trying to connect a new strap directly to a punching bag, unzip it so you’re able to reach the awl when it passes through the fabric. It’s easier to do when the stuffing is out of the bag.
  6. Use a pencil to trace a pair of sewing lines at the end of the strap. Measure about from the hanging ring. Sketch a line across the width of the strap. Then, measure another back from that and make another line. These lines will help you keep the stitches straight so the new strap not only holds up but looks great.[22]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 23 Version 2.jpg
    • Use these lines to keep your stitches nice and straight. If you’re going to add additional lines to strengthen the strap, mark them above one another.
  7. Poke the needle through the upper line and pull the thread through. Hold onto the end of the strap to keep it taught. Position the needle about from the strap’s edge. Then, push the awl through the pencil line you marked. Punching through the material can be tough, so be prepared to use some force.[23]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 24 Version 2.jpg
    • Leave the loose thread hanging from the hole while you continue to work. You can use it to knot the thread and finish each stitch.
  8. Create a second hole below the first one on the strap. Move the hole to the second line, which will be closer to the hanging ring. Move the needle so it’s about ahead of the initial hole. Then, press down until the awl punches through the strap again. Don’t pull the needle back out just yet.[24]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 25 Version 2.jpg
    • The exact spacing isn’t as important as keeping it consistent for each stitch. Leave yourself enough space to place more holes when you stitch in the opposite direction later.
  9. Pass the loose twine through the loop near the awl. Check near the needle for a small loop of twine. If you don’t see it, pull the awl back out slightly so the thread separates from it. Take the tail end of twine hanging from the first hole and slip it through the loop. Pull the awl back out, then pull both ends of the string tightly to create a lock stitch.[25]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 26 Version 2.jpg
    • Pull the twine tightly so it stays knotted against the strap. Remember to leave the twine long enough so you can keep adding more stitches as you move across the strap.
  10. Alternate poking holes through the pencil lines to secure the strap. Move the awl back up to the first line, spacing the needle at least ahead of the initial hole. After the awl breaks through the strap, pull it back to create the loop, pass the twine through it again to knot it, and then pull it tight. Then, poke a hole through the second line again. Keep switching back and forth until you reach the end of the strap.[26]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 27 Version 2.jpg
    • Space the holes out consistently so the stitching is strong and even. If you’re unsure how it should look, take a look at the other straps on your bag.
  11. Repeat the stitching in the opposite direction for additional security. Start at the far end of the strap, placing the needle on the line opposite from the last hole you made. Poke it through, then knot the stitch like usual. This time, each hole you make will be opposite from one you made originally. You will end up creating a zigzag pattern that keeps the strap strong so it can’t break apart when you hang the punching bag.[27]
    Fix a Punching Bag Step 28 Version 2.jpg
    • To strengthen the stitching, move up about along the strap and continue stitching. If you’re able to do it 3 to 5 times, the stitching will be really strong.
    • When you reach the last stitch, pull the thread tight, knot the loose ends, and then cut off the excess length.

[Edit]Tips

  • If you’re unable to fix a bag yourself, contact a shoe repair shop. Professional cobblers are often able to sew punching bags back together at a low price.
  • Caring for your punching bag is important, so, if you keep it outside, expect it to wear out at a faster rate.
  • A damaged punching bag is an inevitability no matter how good you are at taking care of it. Be prepared for yours to eventually be replaced, although you can preserve how long it lasts by cleaning, storing, and mending it.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Repairing Tears with Tape

  • Duct tape
  • Athletic tape
  • Scissors

[Edit]Replacing Hardened Stuffing

  • Scissors
  • Sand
  • Old clothing
  • sandwich bags
  • Stepladder (optional)

[Edit]Reattaching Broken Straps

  • Nylon webbing
  • Sewing awl
  • Thick sewing twine
  • Straight sewing needle
  • Scissors
  • Stepladder (optional)

[Edit]References

  1. https://www.bobvila.com/slideshow/12-things-you-didn-t-know-duct-tape-can-do-49778#how-to-fix-a-hole-in-a-window-screen
  2. https://www.athleticbusiness.com/fitness-training/how-to-clean-your-high-end-fitness-equipment.html
  3. https://www.athleticbusiness.com/fitness-training/how-to-clean-your-high-end-fitness-equipment.html
  4. https://www.sportsrec.com/1001998-fix-ripped-punching-bag.html
  5. https://www.bobvila.com/slideshow/12-things-you-didn-t-know-duct-tape-can-do-49778#how-to-fix-a-hole-in-a-window-screen
  6. https://www.sportsrec.com/1001998-fix-ripped-punching-bag.html
  7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kXlYKV_mfgg&feature=youtu.be&t=55
  8. https://smartmma.com/how-to-fill-a-heavy-punching-bag/
  9. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUp84OvW8qg&feature=youtu.be&t=12
  10. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUp84OvW8qg&feature=youtu.be&t=13
  11. https://smartmma.com/how-to-fill-a-heavy-punching-bag/
  12. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xbtU1J0cTJY&feature=youtu.be&t=311
  13. http://blogs.rdxsports.com/guide-fill-empty-punching-bag/
  14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xbtU1J0cTJY&feature=youtu.be&t=584
  15. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUp84OvW8qg&feature=youtu.be&t=49
  16. https://smartmma.com/how-to-fill-a-heavy-punching-bag/
  17. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lmwXhmX9_nY&feature=youtu.be&t=81
  18. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6OatKzjeD0&feature=youtu.be&t=35
  19. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wf6buu7PqT4&feature=youtu.be&t=49
  20. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6OatKzjeD0&feature=youtu.be&t=63
  21. https://sacotin.com/en/adjustable-strap-tutorial/
  22. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ie5HjU6_9M&feature=youtu.be&t=246
  23. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SFx-NZP49d8&feature=youtu.be&t=130
  24. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SFx-NZP49d8&feature=youtu.be&t=148
  25. https://sewguide.com/invisible-stitches/
  26. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ie5HjU6_9M&feature=youtu.be&t=327
  27. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ie5HjU6_9M&feature=youtu.be&t=398
]]>
Sat, 11 Jul 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to File Puppy Nails https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=File-Puppy-Nails https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=File-Puppy-Nails Filing your puppy’s nails can either be done after nail clipping (in order to smooth out sharp points), or as an alternative to clipping. You can use a variety of tools to file your puppy's nails, including emery boards, pumice stones, and nail grinders. After you’ve selected the tool that’s right for you and your puppy, you can grasp each of your puppy's feet firmly and carefully file each nail. If you are doing this as an alternative to clipping your puppy's nails, you'll want to repeat this process several days in a row.

Filing your puppy’s nails can either be done after nail clipping (in order to smooth out sharp points), or as an alternative to clipping. You can use a variety of tools to file your puppy's nails, including emery boards, pumice stones, and nail grinders. After you’ve selected the tool that’s right for you and your puppy, you can grasp each of your puppy's feet firmly and carefully file each nail. If you are doing this as an alternative to clipping your puppy's nails, you'll want to repeat this process several days in a row.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Selecting the Tool You Want to Use

  1. Use an emery board for humans if you need an easy solution. Classic emery boards are available at your local pharmacy for a very low cost. Emery boards will work just fine for filing a puppy's nails, although you may go through more than 1 emery board in the process.[1]
    File Puppy Nails Step 1 Version 2.jpg
  2. Use a filing tool made for dogs if you have one available. Many pet stores will carry emery board-type tools created specifically for filing dog nails. These tools are larger and more durable than a human emery board. If you have a tool like this available, it can make the job a bit easier.[2]
    File Puppy Nails Step 2 Version 2.jpg
  3. Try a pumice stone if your dog’s nails are very small. A pumice stone is another good choice for filing dog nails. Pumice stones can be easier to grip, making them a slightly more convenient option for tiny puppy nails. Pumice stones are available at most health and beauty stores.[3]

  4. Use a nail grinder if your puppy is comfortable with loud noises. Nail grinders created especially for filing and trimming down dog nails are extremely effective tools. Unfortunately, most puppies are afraid of the noise they create. If your puppy is particularly tolerant of noise, a nail grinder may be a good choice for you.[4]
    File Puppy Nails Step 4 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]Filing Your Puppy’s Nails

  1. Make sure your puppy is calm and comfortable. Choose a time when your puppy already seems tranquil and relaxed. Speak to your puppy in a quiet voice, and pet it in a soothing way.[5]
    File Puppy Nails Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • If it’s never had its nails filed before, practice handling its paws ahead of time.
    • You may want to use treats to help your puppy get comfortable with filing.
  2. Locate the quick. The “quick” in each of your puppy’s nails contains a blood vessel and a nerve. Although it is very unlikely that you will hit the quick while filing your puppy’s nails, it is important to locate and avoid it. Look for a small, pink tube that runs through the center of the nail and ends before the tip.[6]

    • If your puppy’s nails are white, clear, or light colored, you should have no problem finding the quick.
    • If your puppy’s nails are black or very dark colored, it may be much harder to see the quick.
  3. Grasp each front paw in the palm of your hand. Sit behind your puppy and grasp each foot, gently but firmly, in your non-dominant hand. Holding your filing tool in your dominant hand, gently move it across the top and sides of each nail.[7]

    • A nail grinder will only need to make 1-3 passes on the nail.
    • With an emery board, dog nail file, or pumice stone make 10-15 passes, always moving in the same direction.
  4. Position your puppy on its side to file the back paws. With your puppy on its side, hold each of its back paws firmly in your non-dominant hand. Holding your filing tool in your dominant hand, carefully file the top and sides of each rear nail.[8]

    • Lean over your puppy’s body if you need to restrain it.
    • Make 1-3 passes with a nail grinder.
    • Make 10-15 passes with an emery board, dog nail file, or pumice stone.
  5. File your dog’s nails several days in a row if this is an alternative to clipping. If you are filing your puppy’s nails to smooth them out after clipping, you should only need to do this process once. If you’ve opted to file your puppy’s nails as a clipping-alternative, you may want to repeat this process several days in a row, until your puppy’s nails reach the desired length.[9]
    File Puppy Nails Step 9 Version 2.jpg
  6. Reward your puppy for calm behavior. This will teach your puppy to associate remaining calm with getting a treat, which will make filing its nails in the future easier. If your puppy starts to move around when you're filing its nails, stop the process and hold off on the treats.

    • Treats made specifically for dogs are the best option, but you can also use small pieces of human foods. If you opt for the human foods, though, make sure to avoid foods that could be toxic to dogs, including things like grapes, chocolate, avocado, and onions.

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Sat, 11 Jul 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Make Protein Pancakes https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-Protein-Pancakes https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-Protein-Pancakes Protein pancakes are an excellent option if you’re trying to cut some calories while eating a delicious meal. They use protein powder in place of flour to create healthier pancakes, and can be easily customized using your favorite fruits or breakfast toppings. Protein pancakes are an excellent way to get your daily dose of energy before a busy day or to simply replace standard pancakes with a healthier alternative.

Protein pancakes are an excellent option if you’re trying to cut some calories while eating a delicious meal. They use protein powder in place of flour to create healthier pancakes, and can be easily customized using your favorite fruits or breakfast toppings. Protein pancakes are an excellent way to get your daily dose of energy before a busy day or to simply replace standard pancakes with a healthier alternative.

[Edit]Ingredients

[Edit]Standard Protein Pancakes

  • 2 eggs
  • 2 scoops (40 g) of vanilla protein powder
  • 1 teaspoon (5 g) of baking powder
  • 6 tablespoons (90 mL) of water or almond milk
  • Cooking spray, butter, or coconut oil

Makes 2 servings

[Edit]Banana Protein Pancakes

  • 1 banana
  • 2 eggs
  • 2 scoops (40 g) of vanilla protein powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon (2 g) of baking powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon (2 g) of salt
  • 1/8 teaspoon (.5 g) of cinnamon
  • Cooking spray, butter, or coconut oil

Makes 2 servings

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Making Standard Protein Pancakes

  1. Mix your eggs, protein powder, baking soda, and water in a bowl. Get a large bowl. Crack 2 eggs on your counter or the rim of the bowl, and empty the yolks and whites into the bowl. Add your 2 scoops (40 g) of vanilla protein powder, 1 teaspoon (5 g) of baking powder, and 6 tablespoons (90 g) of water. Mix the ingredients together with an egg whisk until the mixture has a uniform, thick texture and is even in color.[1]

    Make Protein Pancakes Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • You can use almond milk instead of water if you want fluffier pancakes with a little more weight to them.
    • This batter should be relatively thick, but may seem a little thinner than traditional pancake batter.
  2. Heat a large, non-stick skillet over medium heat and oil it. Get a non-stick skillet and place it on your stove burner. Spray it with cooking oil to lubricate it. You can also use coconut oil or butter for some heartier pancakes. Let the skillet heat for 1-2 minutes as you measure out your batter.[2]

    • If you’re using butter, start on low heat first to prevent the butter from burning as you’re weighing out your batter.
  3. Measure your batter out in a measuring cup to make calculating pours easy. Either pour your batter directly into the measuring cup or use a spoon or ladle to pour the batter into the cup. Fill your measuring cup with the batter and use your spoon to scoop out any batter sticking to the sides. This way you can pour the pancake batter accurately with the cup’s spout while being precise about how much batter you’re using in each pancake.[3]

    • You can also just pour 3 evenly-sized pancakes if you don’t care about keeping them identical. This may affect the cooking time though, as bigger pancakes will take longer to cook than smaller pancakes.
  4. Pour 3 pancakes into your skillet with between them. Use your measuring cup to pour your pancakes into the skillet. Pour 3 pancakes, using of the batter for each pour. Leave a few inches of space between each pancake so that the batter doesn’t overlap in the pan.[4]

    Make Protein Pancakes Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • Your pancakes should be roughly in diameter.
    • Give each pancake that you pour 2-3 seconds to settle on the skillet so that you can see where the batter pools up.
    • If you lubricated the skillet with butter, turn the heat back up to medium right before you pour the batter.
  5. Flip each pancake after the batter starts to bubble on top. After 3-4 minutes of cooking, you’ll notice the batter start to bubble on the top of the pancakes. This means that the bottom has fully cooked through. Take a spatula and dig it underneath each pancake before flipping it over quickly by turning your wrist. Do your best to flip each pancake on top of the location where it had just been cooking.[5]

  6. Cook the other side of the pancakes for 3-4 minutes. If you cooked your pancakes for 3 minutes on the first side, cook them for another 3 minutes on the other side. If you cooked them for 4 minutes, cook the other side for an additional 4 minutes. Once your pancakes are done cooking, remove them with your spatula and place them on your serving plates.[6]
    Make Protein Pancakes Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • You will be able to tell when the other side is done cooking by monitoring the edges of the pancake. If they’re turning brown and hardening, they’re finished.
  7. Garnish your pancakes with nuts, fruit, syrup, or powdered sugar. Once your pancakes are on the serving plates, you can top them with whatever toppings you enjoy. Walnuts and fresh fruit makes for a healthier dish, while syrup or powdered sugar will sweeten your pancakes.[7]

    • If you really enjoy syrup but don’t want the sugar, you can get sugar-free syrup and use that instead.
    • You can store uneaten pancakes in the refrigerator for 1-2 days.

[Edit]Creating Banana Protein Pancakes

  1. Separate your egg yolks from the egg whites in 2 bowls. Crack your first egg by cracking it on the rim of the bowl or on your counter. Pour the egg yolk into your first bowl by keeping the yolk upright and pouring it back and forth between the 2 halves of the egg shell. Leave your yolk in the other bowl. Repeat this process for your second egg.[8]

  2. Beat the egg whites for 2 minutes until they become soft. Use a mixer or whisk to beat your eggs. If you’re using a mixer, turn it on high and move it around in the bowl to thoroughly mix the whites. If you’re using a whisk, use your wrist to spin the whisk in a circular motion around the sides and bottom of the bowl.[9]

    • It may take an additional 1-2 minutes to whisk the eggs manually. You can tell when they’re done if the eggs seem slightly thinner and fluffier than they did before.
  3. Cut your banana into smaller pieces and add them to the egg whites. Take your banana and peel it. Place it on a cutting board and use any kind of knife to cut the banana into a sequence of slices. Add the banana slices to the bowl filled with your egg yolks.[10]

  4. Add the rest of your dry ingredients to the bowl with the egg yolks. Pour 2 scoops (40 g) of vanilla protein powder, 1/4 teaspoon (2 g) of baking powder, 1/4 teaspoon (2 g) of salt, and 1/8 teaspoon (.5 g) of cinnamon into the bowl with your egg whites and banana. Mix the ingredients with your whisk or mixer until they’re thoroughly combined, forming a thick batter.[11]

    • You can use chocolate protein powder instead of vanilla if you prefer, but a lot of people think that chocolate protein powder tastes a little metallic when used in food.
  5. Pour your egg whites into the bowl with your ingredients and mix them. Take your bowl filled with the egg whites and slowly pour it around the edges of your mixed ingredients. Fold the batter into the egg whites using a rubber spatula or wooden spoon. Continue mixing the ingredients together for 3-4 minutes until the batter is uniform in color and texture.[12]

  6. Heat a large, non-stick skillet over low heat and lubricate it. Take a large, non-stick skillet and place it on a large burner. Spray the skillet with cooking spray, or coat the skillet with coconut oil. You can use melted butter to coat the skillet if you want a heartier meal. Let the skillet heat for 1-2 minutes.[13]

    • If you use butter to coat your skillet, be careful to avoid burning the butter. If you see smoke or smell it burning, reduce the heat and add little more butter.
  7. Fill a standard measuring cup with your batter. Either pour the batter directly into your measuring cup by tilting the bowl over the rim, or use a spoon to scoop it out carefully. Fill your measuring cup with the batter. This will make it easier to calculate how much batter you’re using with each pour. It will also be much easier to pour the batter, since you can use the spout on the cup.[14]

    • You can also choose to simply pour the batter directly into the pan, but this will make it a little harder to get even pancakes.
  8. Pour 4 pancakes into your skillet, leaving between them. Use your measuring cup to pour 4 pancakes on your skillet, using with every pour. Wait 3-4 seconds after pouring each individual pancake to determine where one will stop and another will start. Leave a little space between each pancake.[15]

    Make Protein Pancakes Step 15 Version 2.jpg
    • Your pancakes should be roughly in diameter.
  9. Let your pancakes cook 90-120 seconds on each side. Let your pancakes cook for at least 90 seconds. When the batter starts to brown around the edges, dig your spatula underneath each pancake and flip it. Cook your pancakes on the other side for the same amount of time that you cooked them on the first side.[16]

    • These pancakes won’t bubble the same way that normal pancake batter does, so keep an eye on the edges of each pancake to make sure it’s fully cooked.
  10. Remove your pancakes from the skillet and garnish them as desired. Use your spatula to remove the pancakes after they’re done cooking. Place them on their serving plates and garnish them based on your personal preferences. Fresh fruit, nuts, powdered sugar, honey, cinnamon, or syrup will all make excellent toppings for your protein pancakes.[17]

    • If you enjoy syrup but want to keep your dish healthy, consider getting some sugar-free syrup.
    • You can store your uneaten pancakes for 1-2 days in the refrigerator.

[Edit]Video

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Making Easy Protein Pancakes

  • Bowl
  • Egg whisk
  • Skillet
  • Measuring cup
  • Spoon
  • Spatula

[Edit]Creating Banana Protein Pancakes

  • 2 Bowls
  • Cutting board
  • Knife
  • Mixer or whisk
  • Rubber spatula or wooden spoon
  • Measuring cup
  • Spatula

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Sat, 11 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Play the Ukulele https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Play-the-Ukulele https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Play-the-Ukulele The ukulele is a Hawaiian instrument with a carefree, jaunty sound. Its small size offers an ease of portability and gives players of all ages the chance to master it. Learn a bit about the basics of playing the ukulele, and eventually, you will be a great ukulele player!

The ukulele is a Hawaiian instrument with a carefree, jaunty sound. Its small size offers an ease of portability and gives players of all ages the chance to master it. Learn a bit about the basics of playing the ukulele, and eventually, you will be a great ukulele player!

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Holding a Ukulele

  1. Orient the ukulele so the neck is in your left hand. The neck refers to the thinner, longer portion of the ukulele. Turn the ukulele so that the neck points away from you to the left. Due to the way the strings are ordered, it’s extremely difficult to learn to play if you hold the ukulele facing the other direction.[1]
    Play the Ukulele Step 1 Version 4.jpg
    • Restring the instrument if you’re a lefty. If you flip the instrument around and hold it from the other direction, you’ll have a really tough time learning the chords and practicing songs. You can restring a ukulele the same way you restring an acoustic guitar.
    • There are a few different styles of ukulele. You can learn on basically all of them except the baritone ukulele, which is really big and probably not what you’re holding if you’ve got a ukulele. The notes on this style of ukulele are a little different.[2]
  2. Stand or sit and brace the ukulele against your body. You can play standing or sitting. Either way, hold the ukulele a little below your chest with the neck pointing up at a 15-degree angle. Slide your right forearm on top of the body of the ukulele so that your right hand rests in front of the sound hole, which is the opening in the middle of the ukulele’s body.[3]
    Play the Ukulele Step 2 Version 4.jpg
    • You don’t support the ukulele from below if you play standing up. You simply pinch it against your body with your right forearm.
    • If you play while sitting, you may find it easier to hold the ukulele by sliding your right leg over your left knee to brace the bottom of your ukulele with your right thigh.
    • There are straps you can attach to the ukulele to wrap it around your neck like a guitar. You can use one of these if you want. Most players don’t use straps since ukuleles tend to be very light, but you can buy one if you’d like.
  3. Rest your thumb on top of the first fret. The frets are the horizontal metal bars that separate notes and chords. Rest your left thumb on top of the topmost fret. Then, curl your 4 fingers underneath the neck so you can hold down strings from the other side of the neck. As you play, your hand may slide back and forth along the neck to hold down strings between other frets, but your thumb should always stay on top of the neck.[4]
    Play the Ukulele Step 3 Version 4.jpg
    • Your left hand should look a little bit like a letter C wrapping around the neck. It may feel a bit like you’re making a claw with your hand.
    • If your hands are on the smaller side and you can’t reach the string on top from underneath, hold your thumb vertically against the back of the neck instead.
  4. Strum the ukulele with the side of your right index finger. Curl your right hand towards the strings over the sound hole. Stick your index finger out a little so you’re pointing perpendicular to the strings. Rest your thumb against the pad near your fingertip so that you’re making a teardrop shape with your thumb and index finger. To play, drag the side of your index finger along the strings so the tip of your finger brushes against the strings.[5]
    Play the Ukulele Step 4 Version 4.jpg
    • Unlike other stringed instruments, ukulele players almost never play specific notes. You’ll almost always strum all 4 strings when you play songs.
    • You can use a ukulele pick if you’d like, but picks are not popular among ukulele enthusiasts. The ukulele’s soft notes tend to turn a bit harsh when you use a pick.
    • If you watch professionals play, you may see them swinging an open hand up and down along the strings. Once you get good at strumming, you can drop the thumb and just play with the index finger. For now, keep the thumb against the index finger to maintain accuracy as you play.

[Edit]Learning Notes and Chords

  1. Memorize the natural notes your strings make from bottom to top. You won’t play individual notes when you’re learning songs, but you must memorize them to make reading chord diagrams easier and understand the arrangement of the strings. Play each string on its own to identify the sound and commit it to memory. You’ll notice that the deepest sound is actually the highest string. This is because ukulele strings are arranged backwards. The top note (G or 4) is the deepest while the lowest note (A or 1) is the highest.[6]
    Play the Ukulele Step 5 Version 4.jpg
    • In order, the strings from bottom to top are A (1), E (2), C (3), and G (4). On chord diagrams and beginner sheet music, you will usually see the numbers and letters.
    • This can get a little confusing because the “top” string is technically the “bottom” note if you’re talking about the sound. When you hear the phrase “top string” in tutorials, assume they’re talking about G (4), which is the lowest note.
    • Use a tuner to make sure each string is playing the correct note. Turn a tuner on, clip it to your headstock, and play each note individually. Turn the tuner for each string until you find the perfect tone.
  2. Practice playing the easier major chords, starting with C and F. The major chords are the most commonly used chords. Start with simple chords like C and F. To play a C chord, hold down A (1) under the second fret with your ring or index finger and strum all 4 strings. Play this 4-5 times to get used to how it feels. To play F, hold down the E (3) string under the headstock with your ring finger and the G (4) string with your index or middle finger under the first fret. Play this 4-5 times to get used to the feeling and sound.[7]
    Play the Ukulele Step 6 Version 5.jpg
    • When you play, the fingers that hold the strings down are up to you. Most players use their middle, index, and ring fingers to reach the highest strings (G (4) and C (3)) and move the same fingers to hold down the strings underneath it. However, you can rely on your pinky finger to always play the bottom strings if you prefer. For complex chords, you’ll need to use your pinky and ring fingers on the bottom and your index and middle fingers on the top.
  3. Commit the other major chords to memory. The chords get a little more complicated after C and F, so master those first. Then, memorize the other major chords: D, E, G, A, and B. Start with A, which only relies on 2 fingers to hold down C (3) under the headstock and G (4) on the second fret. D, E, G, and B all require 3 fingers, so learn those last. Practice playing each of the chords to get used to playing all of them.[8]
    Play the Ukulele Step 7 Version 5.jpg
    • It may take 2-3 weeks to get used to all of these major chords. Luckily, there are plenty of songs that only rely on major chords if you want to play some songs! U2’s “Still Haven’t Found” only relies on C, F, and G, while Sublime’s “What I Got” only requires D and G.
    • For chords that involve holding down 2 adjacent strings along the same fret, use 1 finger to hold both strings down at the same time. You may want to learn D and E major last, since they both involve holding 3 strings down at the same time with the same finger.
    • Don’t even worry about strumming in a pattern or rhythm yet. Just focus on learning the finger positions on the neck.
  4. Familiarize yourself with the minor chords once you learn the majors. On chord diagrams, a lower case “m” next to a letter indicates it’s a minor chord. The minor chords, Cm, Dm, Em, Fm, Gm, Am, and Bm aren’t much harder to learn than the major chords. Start by memorizing Am, which only involves holding down the G (4) string under the second fret. Then, move on to practice the other minor chords and commit them to memory. Spend 2-3 weeks learning these chords.[9]
    Play the Ukulele Step 8 Version 5.jpg
    • The minor chords aren’t more complicated than major chords, but it’s better to learn chords in groups so that you have an easier time memorizing them and internalizing the sounds.
    • There are thousands of songs that only rely on major and minor chords. You can start learning some full songs once you’re at this point and work on the remaining chords as you play over time if you’d like.
  5. Memorize the seventh chords after mastering the majors and minors. Each chord has a “seventh” version. Within these chords, there are minor and major versions. For example, there is C7, Cmaj7, and Cm7. This means that there are 21 additional chords to learn, and most of these chords involve holding 4 strings down. Since these are the most complicated chords, learn these over time as you continue practicing. Start with the pure seventh chords, then move on to the majors. Finish by learning the minors.[10]
    Play the Ukulele Step 9 Version 5.jpg
    • You can easily play thousands of songs without the major and minor seventh chords. If you want to take it slow, just learn the basic seventh chords (A7, B7, etc.) and leave the majors and minors for later.
    • One easy way to do this is to learn a new chord every day. Spend 10-15 minutes each day practicing your finger positions for a new chord.
    • Try not to get overwhelmed. Many of these chords are quite easy to learn. For example, you can play Bm7 just by holding down all the strings under the second fret. Cmaj7 is identical to C major but you just move your finger up one fret.
  6. Pull up a chord diagram to refer to the finger positions for chords. Chord diagrams are images that relay finger positions for ukulele players. Pull up a chord diagram to refer to the finger positions. To read chord diagrams, pretend the neck is sitting vertically in the image so the strings are facing you. Each horizontal line represents a fret, while each vertical line is a string. The dots show you where your fingers go to play specific chords.[11]
    Play the Ukulele Step 10 Version 4.jpg

[Edit]Strumming

  1. Use a single chord to practice the 4 major strumming patterns. When it comes to the rhythm, there are 4 key strumming patterns. Since you can play a chord by dragging your finger down from G (4) to A (1) (top to bottom), or back up from A (1) to G (4), you can create different moods by strumming the strings in different patterns. Practice the patterns to commit them to memory.[12]
    Play the Ukulele Step 11 Version 3.jpg
    • Down, down, down, down — Strumming only from the top to the bottom produces a kind of melodic, heavenly feeling.
    • Down up, down up, down up, down up — Repeatedly strumming down and up creates a kind of mesmerizing, positive tempo. The famous “Somewhere Over the Rainbow” relies on this strumming pattern.
    • Down, down up, down, down up — With this pattern, the up strums turn a 4 beat into a 2 beat. This produces a kind of slower, somber pattern in most songs.
    • Down, down up, up, down up — This is the opposite of the previous pattern. This places breaks in the 1 and 3 beat, which produces a kind of wondrous, ethereal sound.
  2. Read strumming patterns by following the Ds and Us as you play. On ukulele tutorials, the strumming pattern is listed under the chords. A “D” indicates a down, while a “U” indicates an up. A “DU” is a down and up on one beat. If you see a “/” it means that you’re supposed to take a pause.[13]
    Play the Ukulele Step 12 Version 3.jpg
    • On traditional sheet music, the downstrum is represented by a square missing its bottom side and up strums are indicated with a “V” shape. Unless you already know how to read sheet music, it’s easier to learn with the tutorial notations you’re more likely to find as you look for songs to play.
  3. Develop a natural swing with your downstrums. As you’re learning songs, always time your strumming so that you’re strumming down on the beat. In other words, if you see a DU under a C7 chord, time your playing so that you’re strumming down on the beat before strumming back up. While you’re dragging your fingers across the strings, keep the C7 chord held down the entire time.[14]
    Play the Ukulele Step 13 Version 3.jpg
    • Strumming in the right pattern is the hardest part of playing the ukulele for most people. Try not to get frustrated as you’re putting the strumming, timing, and chord positions together.

[Edit]Practicing and Learning Songs

  1. Work on shifting between the chords you learn to get used to playing fluidly. For most people, the hardest part of playing the ukulele is switching between chords. When you start each practice session, review all of the chords you’ve learned so far by playing them one after another. This will help you get a sense for the kind of movements you need to make with your fingers to hold the strings down.[15]
    Play the Ukulele Step 14 Version 3.jpg
  2. Learn some easy songs to put it all together. Go online and poke around for some ukulele song tutorials. Pick an easy song with a small number of chords. Start at the beginning of the song and play the chords in order using the strumming pattern listed alongside the chords. Practice playing the chords in a consistent tempo. Once you’ve learned an easy song, pick another one and keep going![16]
    Play the Ukulele Step 15 Version 3.jpg
    • Iz’s “Somewhere Over the Rainbow” is an easy, classic option. It relies on a down up strumming pattern for most of the song and only requires C, G, Am, F, and Em chords.
    • ”You Are My Sunshine” is a fun, simple song that mainly relies on F and C. This is a great song if you’re working on your timing since the entire song is in downstrums with only 1 up strum.
    • “Dreams” by Fleetwood Mac is a great song if you want to practice your chords since the finger patterns are kind of tough but the strumming is really straightforward.
    • “Chasing Cars” by Snow Patrol is great option if you’re struggling to switch between different frets with your fingers.
  3. Continue practicing every day to learn more complex songs. Play your ukulele every day to continue improving, learn more chords, and master the strumming patterns. Spend at least 15 minutes a day practicing. As you master some simple songs, look online for tougher songs that will challenge your skills with more complex strumming patterns and chord progressions.[17]
    Play the Ukulele Step 16 Version 2.jpg
    • There are ukulele tutorials out there for basically every song you can think of. Choose songs you really love to make learning to play more fun!
    • If you find any tutorials that don’t list the strumming pattern, that means it’s up to you. Some songs that are adapted for the ukulele don’t have built-in strumming patterns.

[Edit]Video

[Edit]Tips

  • Pick up a capo once you get good at playing. Capos are basically pads that hold down a fret on your ukulele to change the key. They aren’t mandatory for beginners, but they’re helpful if you want to play songs in different keys.
  • The ukulele is a great instrument if you’re trying to learn harder stringed instruments, like the guitar. Since there are only 4 strings, it’s a lot easier to master the ukulele than other instruments.

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Fri, 10 Jul 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Make an Origami House https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-an-Origami-House https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-an-Origami-House Origami houses are a fun, easy way to hone your skills without having to worry about a lot of complicated creases and folds. All you need is a piece of paper! Use your favorite color of origami paper to create a cute decoration that you can display around your own home!

Origami houses are a fun, easy way to hone your skills without having to worry about a lot of complicated creases and folds. All you need is a piece of paper! Use your favorite color of origami paper to create a cute decoration that you can display around your own home!

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Forming the Walls

  1. Place a square sheet of origami paper with the colored side face down. Grab a square colored sheet of origami paper that’s around , which will work well for your project. Double-check that the colored portion of the paper is facing down, so your folds can be as accurate as possible.[1]

    Make an Origami House Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • Any kind of square paper will work well for this. If you want to make a large origami house, consider using a larger piece of origami paper.
  2. Fold the paper in half from top to bottom. Check that the top and bottom edges of the paper are meeting one another so there’s an even crease going horizontally along the center of the paper.[2]

    • The colored side of the paper will be visible once you start folding it.
  3. Fold the rectangle in half again to form a square and then unfold it. Fold the paper in half again, transforming the rectangle into a square. Crease along the sides of the square, then unfold the paper so it’s rectangular again. At this point, there will be 2 total creases on your origami paper.[3]

  4. Fold both sides toward the central crease to form quarters. Take the right section of folded paper and fold it along the center, vertical crease. Crease along the edge to make a defined fold, then repeat the process with the left section of your origami paper.[4]

    • For this part of the process, just fold your paper into quarters.

[Edit]Creating the Roof

  1. Open the upper left flap and press it into a triangle. Pry open the upper left flap of your origami house, where the paper is folded into 2 layers. Separate these layers from one another, then press on this fold to create a distinctive triangle. You’ve now created half of the roof.[5]

    • Currently, you’re creating the back of your origami house.
  2. Repeat this process with the upper right flap of the paper. Take the upper right flap on your origami house and separate the 2 layers of paper from one another. As you did before, press the upper crease into a triangle shape along the right side of your origami house, creating the other half of the roof.[6]

    • This part can be a little tricky. Don’t be discouraged if it takes a few tries before you get it right!
  3. Flip over the paper to view your finished origami house. Turn your origami paper so the newly formed triangles are face-down. At this point, look for a long, distinctive roof that’s separated from the lower section of the house.[7]

    • If you’d like, you can draw windows, doors, shingles, and other decorations on your house using a marker.[8]
  4. Place the house upright to display it. Set the house on a flat surface, like a table or countertop. With the bottom folds, your house can stand upright on most surfaces. Check that the 2 pressed triangles are facing backwards, and that the rest of the home is facing forward.[9]
    Make an Origami House Step 8.jpg

[Edit]Tips

  • Try customizing your house by drawing a door or adding windows!

[Edit]Warnings

  • Always use a square sheet of paper for this, or else your finished origami house might turn out lopsided or unbalanced.

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

]]>
Fri, 10 Jul 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Glue Wood Together https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Glue-Wood-Together https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Glue-Wood-Together Thanks to the strong nature of wood glues, there are several options for any home project. If applied, clamped and dried correctly, the wood is more likely to split than to come apart at the glued joint. Be sure to choose the right glue for your job.

Thanks to the strong nature of wood glues, there are several options for any home project. If applied, clamped and dried correctly, the wood is more likely to split than to come apart at the glued joint. Be sure to choose the right glue for your job.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Choosing the Right Glue

  1. Use super glue for a quick and easy application. If you’re trying to repair a broken piece of furniture or simply connect pieces of wood together, use super glue for a fast-drying option. Add a dab of the super glue to the surface of the wood, press the pieces together, and hold them for about 10 seconds to connect them.[1]
    Glue Wood Together Step 1 Version 5.jpg
    • Super glue is a great way to glue wood together quickly; however, the bond isn’t strong enough to withstand a lot of pressure and the wood may separate in time.
    • Most super glue is clear, which means there won’t be any visible residue.
    • You can find super glue at your local hardware store, department store, or by ordering it online.
  2. Pick PVA glue for a permanent bond. Polyvinyl acetate (PVA) is a strong synthetic polymer that will form a long-lasting bond between the wood you want to glue together. It’s a great choice for most wood projects, but it isn’t waterproof, so it shouldn’t be used for gluing wood that will be placed outdoors.[2]
    Glue Wood Together Step 2 Version 5.jpg
    • If you’re trying to connect wood on furniture or repair a wooden table, PVA glue will give you the strongest bond.
    • PVA is a common wood glue that you can find at your local hardware or home improvement store. You can also order it online.
  3. Select carpenter’s glue for outdoor use. Yellow PVA glue, commonly called carpenter’s glue, is a variety of PVA that is specially designed to be water-resistant and suitable for gluing wood that will be exposed to the elements outside. Look for PVA glue that’s labeled as either “yellow,” “carpenter’s glue,” or “waterproof.”[3]
    Glue Wood Together Step 3 Version 5.jpg
    • Carpenter’s glue is great for things like repairing outdoor furniture or fixing broken wood on a deck or shed.
  4. Go with liquid hide glue for a more natural alternative. Hide glue is a natural, environmentally-friendly glue made from boiled animal collagen. It comes in liquid and solid forms, and the liquid version is easy to use and gives you more time to work as you glue the wood together.[4]
    Glue Wood Together Step 4 Version 5.jpg
    • Because of its natural flexibility and strength, hide glue is a great choice for antique furniture.
    • Hide glue is usually available at hardware stores, but if you can’t find it in your area, you can order it online.
  5. Choose epoxy to fill gaps and cracks. If you’ve got chipped or damaged wood that you want to glue back together, use epoxy, which consists of a resin and hardener that will bond the wood together and fill any extra space. Epoxy also hardens to become waterproof, so it’s a good choice for outdoor repairs as well.[5]
    Glue Wood Together Step 5 Version 5.jpg
    • Epoxy comes in 2 parts that are combined before you apply it.
    • You can use epoxy to repair chips in wooden fences or for applications that are exposed to lots of water, such as repairing damage on wooden boats.

[Edit]Joining the Pieces of Wood

  1. Clean off any old glue before you apply new glue. Use a cloth to wipe dust and dirt away from the surface where you plan to connect the wood. If there’s already old glue on the surface, scrape it off with a putty knife or a scrubbing brush so it’s clean and will be better able to adhere.[6]
    Glue Wood Together Step 6 Version 5.jpg
    • Old glue residue will make the bond weaker if you don’t remove it first.
  2. Spread glue onto 1 side using a stiff-bristled brush. If you’re connecting 2 pieces of wood with flat faces, use a stiff-bristled brush to spread a thin layer of glue to 1 side, which saves time and prevents buildup. Then, press the wood together to connect them.[7]
    Glue Wood Together Step 7 Version 5.jpg
    • Apply glue with a brush to boards and planks.
  3. Use a rubber roller to apply glue to large panels. For large wooden panels you plan to connect face-to-face, spread a thin, even layer of your glue using broad, consistent strokes with a rubber roller. Apply the glue to 1 side of a panel and press them together to connect them.[8]
    Glue Wood Together Step 8 Version 5.jpg
    • Look for rubber rollers at paint supply stores, home improvement stores, or by ordering them online.
  4. Apply glue to the inside of wooden joints before you connect them. If you’re building or repairing furniture such as a chair or a table, and there’s a joint where the wood connects, apply your glue to the inside of the joint. Then, press the joints together, which will spread the glue to cover all the surface of the wood and create a cohesive bond.[9]
    Glue Wood Together Step 9 Version 5.jpg
    • There are many different types of joints, such as dowels, scarf joints, and lap joints. For all of them, the glue needs to be added to the inside of the joint to create a strong bond.
  5. Repair loose chair rungs by applying glue with a syringe. Remove the loose chair rung and wipe it clean to remove dust and old glue. Fill a syringe with glue and insert it into the opening where the rung was inserted. Replace the rung after you add the glue.[10]
    Glue Wood Together Step 10 Version 5.jpg
    • If you can’t remove the rung, insert the syringe into the space in the slot that holds it in place.
    • A syringe allows you to add the glue right where it needs to go to keep the rung from wobbling.
  6. Let the glue dry for 30 minutes, then shave off the excess. Wiping away the excess glue with a damp rag can add moisture and dilute the glue, weakening the bond. Instead, wait for about 30 minutes to allow the glue to gel and harden slightly. Then, use a tool such as a putty knife or a chisel with a flat edge and gently scrape away the extra glue.[11]
    Glue Wood Together Step 11 Version 5.jpg
  7. Clamp the wood together until the glue is dry. Press the pieces of wood and apply pressure as you hold them together. Take a c-clamp and tighten it over the wood so it’s held firmly and securely together. If you can’t clamp the wood, place an object such as a book or a weight on top of it to apply constant pressure as the glue dries. Once the glue is dry, remove the clamp and the wood will be bonded together.[12]
    Glue Wood Together Step 12 Version 5.jpg
    • Different glues will have different drying times, so check the packaging to find out how long you need to let the glue you’re using dry.
    • If you’re gluing large pieces of wood together, use multiple clamps to apply even pressure along the surface.

[Edit]Making Crafts with Glue

  1. Use white glue for wooden craft projects. White glue, also known as all-purpose glue, is a version of PVA glue that’s flexible and can be used on a variety of surfaces including paper, cardboard, and wood. It’s non-toxic and dries to form a clear adhesive that is strong enough for most craft projects.[13]
    Glue Wood Together Step 13 Version 5.jpg
    • Look for white glue at craft supply stores, department stores, or by ordering it online.
    • White glue is great for craft projects that use lightweight wood like balsa wood or craft sticks.
    • While it’s flexible and forms a relatively strong bond, white glue isn’t strong enough for heavy-duty applications such as furniture repair.
  2. Clean off the wood with a cloth dipped in isopropanol. Isopropanol is the solvent used in rubbing alcohol and is great at cleaning surfaces by removing dust, dirt, and residue that could affect the adhesion of your white glue. Soak a clean cloth in the isopropanol and give the wood a good wipe down before you start your craft project.[14]
    Glue Wood Together Step 14 Version 5.jpg
    • Isopropanol is flammable and toxic if it’s ingested, so keep it away from children and pets.
    • The isopropanol will evaporate within about 5 minutes so the wood will be dry and good to go in a short amount of time.
  3. Apply the glue in a thin even layer and connect the pieces together. Spread a thin layer of the glue on 1 of the surfaces you plan to glue together. Then, press the pieces together and apply pressure with your hands. After about 10 seconds, carefully release the wood.[15]
    Glue Wood Together Step 15 Version 5.jpg
  4. Wipe away the excess glue with a damp cloth and let the glue dry. When you press the wood together, some of the glue may be squeezed out of the edges. Take a damp cloth and wipe up the glue that’s pushed out so it doesn’t dry and form a sticky residue. Leave the glue to dry for about 1 hour so it can set. For the glue to fully dry and cure, wait a full 24 hours.[16]
    Glue Wood Together Step 16 Version 5.jpg
    • Leave the glue in a well-ventilated area away from direct heat to help it dry properly.

[Edit]Tips

  • Wipe up any glue that spills as soon as you can so it doesn’t dry.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Glue is toxic if it’s eaten, so keep it away from children and pets. If anybody accidentally eats glue, contact poison control or get emergency medical treatment.[17]

[Edit]References

]]>
Fri, 10 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Make Soap Jelly https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-Soap-Jelly https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-Soap-Jelly Jelly soaps have a consistency similar to gelatin and can be a fun addition to bath time. While you can buy jelly soap from many stores, you can easily make your own with liquid body soap. Making jelly soap only requires a few other ingredients that you may already have at home and you can customize it however you want. When you’re finished making the soap, you can clean with it the same way you’d use a standard soap bar!

Jelly soaps have a consistency similar to gelatin and can be a fun addition to bath time. While you can buy jelly soap from many stores, you can easily make your own with liquid body soap. Making jelly soap only requires a few other ingredients that you may already have at home and you can customize it however you want. When you’re finished making the soap, you can clean with it the same way you’d use a standard soap bar!

[Edit]Ingredients

  • of water
  • 2 tablespoons (18 g) of unflavored gelatin
  • of liquid body soap

Makes about of soap

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Creating the Base

  1. Boil of water. Pour the water into a pot and put it on your stove over high heat. Wait until the water comes to a rolling boil before turning off your stove and removing the pot from heat.[1]
    Make Soap Jelly Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • You can use either tap or distilled water for your soap.
  2. Stir in 2 tablespoons (18 g) of plain gelatin until it dissolves. Slowly dump the gelatin into the hot water and mix it in with a whisk. Continue stirring the gelatin so it completely dissolves in the water and looks clear.[2]

    • You can buy gelatin from your local grocery store.
  3. Add of liquid body soap to the pot. You can use any type of liquid body soap you want, so pick your favorite for your soap. Pour the soap into the pot with the water and gelatin and slowly stir it in with your whisk. Avoid stirring so quickly that suds form since it will give the soap a cloudy appearance and won’t form a lather when you use it.[3]

    • You can also use plain unscented castile soap if you want to add your own scents later on.

[Edit]Customizing Your Soap

  1. Put essential oils in the soap for a different scent. You can use any essential oil you want, so pick the scents that you enjoy the most. Common oils you can try include eucalyptus, peppermint, and lavender. Squeeze 10–15 drops of the essential oil into the mixture and stir it in with your whisk.[4]

    • You can buy essential oils online or from your local drugstore.
    • Essential oils are extremely concentrated and can cause skin irritation if you use more than the recommended amount.[5]
    • Split the soap mixture between different bowls if you want to make different scents in a single batch.
  2. Add some soap colorant if you want to change the color. Soap colorant is a type of dye that doesn’t stain and can make your jelly soap really pop. Choose a color you like and squeeze 3–4 drops into your soap mixture. Use your whisk to mix the colorant into the soap until it has a consistent shade throughout.[6]

    • You can buy soap colorant online or from home goods stores.
    • Try mixing different colorants to get more colors. For example, you can mix red and blue colorants to make purple soap.
  3. Pour in of vitamin E oil to help soothe dry skin. Vitamin E has antioxidants that may protect and moisturize your skin.[7] Get topical vitamin E oil from your local pharmacy and pour it into your soap mixture. Be sure to mix it thoroughly so it’s evenly distributed throughout your soap.[8]

    • Ask your doctor before using vitamin E oil since it could cause an allergic reaction.[9]
  4. Sprinkle edible glitter in your soap if you want it to sparkle. Pick up a container of edible glitter from a cooking store. Shake some glitter into your soap mixture and stir it thoroughly with your whisk. While the glitter won’t make your soap more effective, it will give your soap a sparkly appearance.[10]

    • Avoid using craft glitter since it will feel abrasive could damage your skin.

[Edit]Shaping the Soap

  1. Pour the warm soap mixture into a tray or mold. Opt for a silicone baking mold or an ice cube tray to shape your soap into bars. While the soap mixture is still warm, slowly dump it into the tray or mold and let it settle.[11]

    • You can use any size of mold you want depending on how large you want the bars of soap, but you’ll have enough to fill about 2 standard ice cube trays.
    • If you have trouble pouring the soap from the pot, use a spoon or kitchen syringe to scoop it out.
  2. Spray the soap’s surface with rubbing alcohol to remove bubbles. Fill a spray bottle with rubbing alcohol and turn the prayer to the mist setting. If you see bubbles on the surface of the soap, lightly spray them with your rubbing alcohol. The alcohol will pop the bubbles so the soap bar has a clean, even surface.[12]

    • You do not need to spray the soap with rubbing alcohol if there aren't any large bubbles.
  3. Chill the soap in your fridge for 4 hours. Transfer the tray or mold you’re using to the fridge and leave it uncovered for at least 4 hours. During that time, the gelatin will solidify and give your soap a solid gel-like consistency. After 4 hours, you can take the jelly soap out from the fridge and use it.[13]
    Make Soap Jelly Step 10.jpg
    • The soap will also set if you leave it on your counter, but it will take around 5–6 hours instead.
  4. Pop the soaps out of the mold once they solidify. Take your mold or tray out from the fridge and lift the soap out. If you used a silicone mold, flip it upside down and the soap will easily fall out. If the soap gets stuck, run a knife along the edges to loosen them up before flipping the mold over.

    • If you use a large tray, you will need to cut the bars with a knife.
  5. Store the soap jelly in an airtight container until you’re ready to use it. You can use a plastic container or glass jar with a lid to store your soap. Whenever you want to use your soap, take out a piece and lather it on a washcloth. Avoid storing your soap uncovered since it may start melting or lose its consistency.[14]
    Make Soap Jelly Step 12.jpg
    • Soap jelly will last indefinitely, but it’s usually best to use it within a few weeks.

[Edit]Tips

  • Try splitting your batch of soap into separate portions so you can try different colors and scents.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Don’t use more than the recommended amount of essential oils since it could irritate your skin.[15]
  • Avoid keeping the jelly soap exposed to the open air since it will start to melt.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

  • Pot
  • Stove
  • Whisk
  • Tray or baking mold
  • Rubbing alcohol
  • Spray bottle
  • Refrigerator
  • Airtight container
  • Essential oils (optional)
  • Soap colorant (optional)
  • Vitamin E oil (optional)
  • Edible glitter (optional)

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

]]>
Thu, 09 Jul 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Recover After a Panic Attack https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Recover-After-a-Panic-Attack https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Recover-After-a-Panic-Attack Having a panic attack can be very frightening, but they’re usually not harmful to your health. During a panic attack, you might feel intense fear and loss of control, along with scary physical symptoms, like shortness of breath and rapid heart rate. Panic attacks usually last for 5-20 minutes, but you might experience symptoms for up to 1 hour.

Having a panic attack can be very frightening, but they’re usually not harmful to your health. During a panic attack, you might feel intense fear and loss of control, along with scary physical symptoms, like shortness of breath and rapid heart rate.[1] Panic attacks usually last for 5-20 minutes, but you might experience symptoms for up to 1 hour.[2]

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Calming Yourself Down

  1. Use positive self-talk to counter your anxious thoughts. A panic attack can be really scary, and you may feel like you’re having a medical emergency or have lost control. Reminding yourself that you’re experiencing anxiety and will feel better can help you calm down faster. Tell yourself that this is only temporary and things will get better. Keep telling yourself this until your panic attack passes.[3]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 1.jpg
    • Tell yourself things like, “This is temporary. I’ll feel better soon,” “This is scary but it’ll end soon,” and “I’m going to be okay.” Repeat the statements until you feel better.
  2. Do deep breathing exercises to help relax your body. Lie down or sit up straight. Place one hand over your chest and one hand over your stomach. Slowly breathe in through your nose and draw the air into your stomach. Then, slowly exhale through your mouth. Continue for 5-10 minutes.[4]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 2.jpg
    • As you breathe, you should feel the hand over your stomach going up and down, but the hand over your chest should stay in place.
  3. Picture calming and positive images in your mind. Visualizing things that make you happy isn’t a cure for panic attacks, but might help you recover faster. Find your happy place and imagine that you’re there, or simply think about people, things, places, or memes that make you feel good.[5]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 3.jpg
    • As an example, you might imagine the beach or a cozy ski resort. You could also think about your pet, your best friend, or a happy memory.
  4. Perform progressive muscle relaxation to release muscle tension. You may feel a lot of lingering tension in your body that can make it hard to feel calm. To release it, sit or lie down and get comfortable. Starting at your toes, tighten each muscle group, then release it. Take long deep breaths as you go from your toes up to your shoulders.[6]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 4.jpg
    • You should feel relaxed after you do this. If not, try doing it again.
  5. Talk to someone you trust to help relieve your stress or anxiety. Expressing your worries or concerns may help you feel better. Contact a friend, loved one, or your therapist so you can vent. Tell them what you’re going through, what you think triggered your attack, and how you feel at the moment.[7]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 5.jpg
    • It may help if you have a list of go-to people you can call or visit if you need to talk.
    • Writing down your thoughts may also help. If you don’t feel like talking or aren’t sure who to call, write out all of your thoughts on paper or in a word processor.
  6. Use aromatherapy to help you relax and recover. Smelling calming scents may help you feel better faster after a panic attack.[8] Use a scent like lavender to help you feel calm or a scent like orange to boost your mood. Simply sniff the oil for an easy option, or put the essential oil in a diffuser to fill the room with scent.[9]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 6.jpg
    • If you like, get an aromatherapy lotion that you can rub on your skin when you’re feeling overwhelmed.
  7. Try yoga to help calm your mind and body. Yoga helps you relax right after a panic attack and may help you avoid future attacks. Take a yoga class to get professional instruction if you can. You might also try a yoga video workout. When you’re recovering from a panic attack, do your favorite yoga poses to help you feel calm and connected to your body.[10]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 7.jpg
    • You can find yoga classes at a local gym or yoga studio. If you prefer a video workout, there are several options online or you can buy a yoga dvd.
  8. Listen to relaxing music. There are many sounds that may help you feel better, for example, the song Weightless which was created specifically to help calm one's mind when anxiety or panic attack appears. It helps a lot when it's a smaller or recurring attack, and you don't wish to alert anyone of your condition. This way you may get back to work after a few minutes.

[Edit]Caring for Yourself After a Panic Attack

  1. Engage your 5 senses to help ground you in the moment. A panic attack can make you feel disconnected or disoriented. Fortunately, doing a grounding exercise may help you feel better. Focus on what you can see, hear, smell, feel, and touch. This will help you feel more connected with your body.[11]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 8.jpg
    • For instance, you might tell yourself something like, “I can see sunshine and clouds in the sky, I hear birds chirping, I feel the heat from the sun, I smell the lotion on my skin, and I taste a mint.”
  2. Satisfy your physical needs to help you feel better. After a panic attack, it’s normal to feel exhausted. To help you feel better, eat a healthy meal or snack and drink lots of water. You might also rest and relax until you feel better.[12]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 9.jpg
    • Listen to what your body needs. If you feel like you need to move around to let go of nervous energy, do that instead of resting.
  3. Do an aerobic exercise to help improve your mood. Exercise helps you feel calmer and happier, so it’s helpful for coping after a panic attack.[13] Aim for 30 minutes of exercise to help you cope with anxiety. Choose a moderate exercise, like brisk walking, that won't be too strenuous on your body.[14]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 10.jpg
    • For instance, you might go for a walk outside or dance along to your favorite songs.
    • It’s okay to break your exercise into three 10-minute blocks if that’s easier for you.
  4. Limit your sugar intake until you start to feel better. Sugar is a stimulant, so consuming too much may alter your mood. In some cases, this can trigger or worsen an attack, even if you’ve just had one. Minimize your sugar intake while you’re recovering from a panic attack.[15]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 11.jpg
    • You may be tempted to eat candy or treats to help you feel better, but try not to do this. It might actually make you feel worse.
  5. Abstain from caffeine, alcohol, smoking, and drugs after a panic attack. Stimulants and depressants can worsen or trigger panic attacks. While you’re in recovery, focus on trying to calm yourself. Steer clear of substances that might make you feel worse.[16]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 12.jpg
    • You might even eliminate them from your diet altogether to help you manage your panic attacks.

[Edit]Seeing a Doctor or Therapist

  1. Get medical treatment immediately if this is your first panic attack. You probably don’t need to worry, but panic attacks have the same symptoms as other more serious conditions. To be on the safe side, seek immediate medical care to make sure what you had was a panic attack. You may experience a mix of the following symptoms during a panic attack:[17]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 13.jpg
    • Feelings of fear or danger
    • Loss of control and/or detachment from reality
    • Rapid heart rate
    • Sweating and trembling
    • Shortness of breath
    • Chest pain
    • Chills or hot flashes
    • Nausea or abdominal cramping
    • Headache, dizziness, and fainting
    • Numbness and tingling
  2. Work with a doctor to manage panic attacks. Although panic attacks can be recurring, treatments are available. You might be able to prevent future attacks or recover from them faster. Talk to your doctor to learn which treatment options may be best for you.[18]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 14.jpg
    • Your doctor may be able to prescribe an anxiety medication or could refer you to a therapist.
  3. Participate in talk-therapy to help you manage panic attacks. Dealing with panic attacks can be difficult, but a therapist can help. Your therapist can help you deal with your worries and can help you learn new coping strategies. Ask your doctor to refer you to a therapist or find one online.[19]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 15.jpg
    • Your therapy appointments may be covered by insurance, so check your benefits.
  4. Ask your doctor if medications may help you manage your symptoms. If you have severe anxiety and panic attacks, you and your doctor might decide that medication is the right treatment for you. Talk to your doctor about medications that are available. Your doctor may prescribe one of the following medications:[20]
    Recover After a Panic Attack Step 16.jpg
    • An antidepressant, like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or tricyclic antidepressants
    • Pregabalin or clonazepam to help with your anxiety

[Edit]Tips

  • Your body needs sleep, and getting too little sleep may contribute to your anxiety and panic attacks. Try to sleep 7-9 hours a night to help you manage your anxiety.[21]
  • Join a support group to help you manage your panic attacks. You’ll be able to share your experiences and possibly learn from others who’ve been in your shoes.[22]

[Edit]Warnings

  • Although panic attacks aren’t harmful to your health, they share symptoms with other more serious conditions. Get medical treatment if you’re not sure what you’re having is a panic attack or you feel worried about your symptoms.[23]

[Edit]References

  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/symptoms-causes/syc-20376021
  2. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/panic-disorder/
  3. https://myhealth.alberta.ca/Health/aftercareinformation/pages/conditions.aspx?hwid=uf8358
  4. https://myhealth.alberta.ca/Health/aftercareinformation/pages/conditions.aspx?hwid=uf8358
  5. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/panic-disorder/
  6. https://www.helpguide.org/articles/anxiety/panic-attacks-and-panic-disorders.htm
  7. https://www.helpguide.org/articles/anxiety/panic-attacks-and-panic-disorders.htm
  8. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/panic-disorder/
  9. https://health.clevelandclinic.org/stressed-out-aromatherapy-can-help-you-to-feel-calmer/
  10. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376027
  11. https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/anxiety-and-panic-attacks/panic-attacks/
  12. https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/anxiety-and-panic-attacks/panic-attacks/
  13. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376027
  14. https://www.helpguide.org/articles/anxiety/panic-attacks-and-panic-disorders.htm
  15. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/panic-disorder/
  16. https://myhealth.alberta.ca/Health/aftercareinformation/pages/conditions.aspx?hwid=uf8358
  17. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/symptoms-causes/syc-20376021
  18. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/symptoms-causes/syc-20376021
  19. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376027
  20. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/panic-disorder/
  21. https://www.helpguide.org/articles/anxiety/panic-attacks-and-panic-disorders.htm
  22. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376027
  23. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/symptoms-causes/syc-20376021
]]>
Thu, 09 Jul 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Speak Spanish (Basics) https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Speak-Spanish-(Basics) https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Speak-Spanish-(Basics) Believe it or not, Spanish is the second-most spoken language on the planet. Developing your Spanish-speaking skills is a great way to meet new people, communicate with Spanish speakers, and immerse yourself in a new way of thinking. If you want to speak Spanish, start by learning the common phrases and vocabulary terms. Once you feel a little more comfortable with the language, you can learn a lot more by immersing yourself in the language, taking classes, and practicing daily to develop fluency in the language.

Believe it or not, Spanish is the second-most spoken language on the planet.[1] Developing your Spanish-speaking skills is a great way to meet new people, communicate with Spanish speakers, and immerse yourself in a new way of thinking. If you want to speak Spanish, start by learning the common phrases and vocabulary terms. Once you feel a little more comfortable with the language, you can learn a lot more by immersing yourself in the language, taking classes, and practicing daily to develop fluency in the language.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Learning Common Phrases

  1. Memorize the common introductions so you can say hello. One of the easiest things to learn is how to greet others. This is a good introduction to the language since it gives you a foundation for a basic conversation. While you’ll have to do some memorizing, you can easily commit these basic introductory phrases to memory in a day or two.[2]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 1 Version 5.jpg
    • ”Hola” (OH-la) means hello in Spanish. Other common greetings include “buenos días” (booEHN-os DEE-as), which means “good morning,” and “buenos noches” (booEHN-os NO-chehs), which means “good evening.”
    • Following a hello, you may say “¿Cómo estás?” (KOH-moh ess-TAHS), which means "How are you?" This might be answered by saying “estoy bien” (ESS-toy bee-EHN), which means "I'm fine."
    • You may also reply with “mucho gusto” (MOO-choh GOOS-toh), which means "nice to meet you." Then learn how to say "my name is" by saying “me llamo” (meh YAH-moh). Put them together, and you might greet someone in Spanish by saying, "Mucho gusto, me llamo Juan," which means, "Nice to meet you, my name is John."
  2. Remember Spanish words you already know to make things easy. Although you probably don't pronounce them exactly the way a Spanish-speaking person would, there are a number of Spanish words that you probably already know in your native tongue. Relying on these words in a basic conversation is a great way to build on your speaking skills while you acquire new vocabulary words.[3]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 2 Version 5.jpg
    • Making a list of Spanish words that you already know can be a good way to build your Spanish vocabulary. This will give you a solid, basic foundation.
    • For example, there probably are a number of Spanish foods that you already know, such as “taco,” “avocado,” and “burrito.”
    • There also are a number of words that are the same in Spanish and in English (although they may be spelled or pronounced differently), such as “animal” and “chocolate.”
  3. Study the -o and -a endings to learn the gendered nouns. One of the things that makes Spanish very different from some languages is the fact that all nouns are gendered. Generally, if a noun ends in an “o” it is masculine, while if it ends in “a” it is feminine.[4]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 3 Version 5.jpg
    • Unlike many other languages, there is no version of “it” in Spanish. All nouns have a gender, and even inanimate objects are referred to with gendered pronouns. The third person pronouns are “el” (masculine), and “la” (feminine). Words that end in -o almost always use “el” while words that end in -a typically use “la.”
    • Keep in mind that the gender you use must match the gender of the word, not the gender of the thing. This can be an issue when the thing you're talking about is an animal. For example, if you're talking about a dog, you would say "el perro" (ehl PEH-rroh) even if the dog was female.
  4. Practice memorizing the essential Spanish pronouns. Spanish verbs are conjugated according to the pronoun you need to use. However, it isn't strictly necessary to say the pronoun or even include it in the sentence. Any Spanish speaker will understand which pronoun you’re implying based on the conjugation of the verb.[5]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 4 Version 4.jpg
    • For example, if you want to say you want something, you could say "yo quiero" (YO kee-EHR-OH), which means "I want," but you could also simply say "quiero" and the pronoun would be understood.
    • Spanish pronouns include “yo” (I), “nosotros” (we), “él” (he), “ella” (she), and “ellos” and “ellas” (they). Use “ellas” if you are referring to a group that is entirely feminine and “ellos” for a group that is either all male or a mixed-gender group.
    • The plural of you (meaning "you all") is “ustedes.” In Spain, there is another familiar form of the plural you: “vosotros” or “vosotras.” In other Spanish-speaking countries, only “ustedes” is used.
  5. Understand the basic sentence structure of Spanish. While the basic sentence structure in Spanish is quite similar to many other languages, there are some key differences. Getting the sentence patterns down will make it much easier to learn Spanish. For many learners, the hardest part is remembering to put adjectives after the noun they describe, which is uncommon in many other languages.[6]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 5 Version 3.jpg
    • Like English, Spanish sentences are formed with a subject, followed by a verb, followed by the object of that verb. For example, suppose you said "yo quiero un burrito." This means “I” (subject) “want” (verb) “a burrito” (object).
    • Unlike English, Spanish adjectives usually go after the thing they describe. For example, if you were talking about a red book, in English you would put the adjective (red) first. In Spanish, you would be talking about a “libro rojo” (LEE-bro ROH-ho), which literally translates to “book red” in English.
    • There are exceptions to the rule. For instance, demonstrative adjectives (such as ese, este, and aquel) and possessive adjectives (including mí, tu, and su) come before the thing they describe.[7]
  6. Pick up situational words and phrases as you hear them. Whether you want to learn Spanish for school, work, or travel, there may be particular words that will be more useful to you as you're starting to learn the language. Starting in a familiar area will help you build the foundation you need.[8]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 6 Version 3.jpg
    • Think about words or phrases that you say frequently throughout your day. For example, “por favor” (pohr fah-VOR), which means “please,” and “gracías” (gra-SEE-ahs), which means “thank you,” are essential phrases in basically every conversational setting.
    • If someone says “gracías” to you, you can respond by saying “de nada” (deh NA-da), which means "you're welcome" (literally "it was nothing").
    • You also want to learn the Spanish words for "yes" and "no" early on, if you don't already know them. They are “sí” (see), for yes, and “no.”

[Edit]Immersing Yourself in the Language

  1. Visit a Spanish-speaking country or neighborhood to get exposure. If you have some basic conversational phrases down, travelling to a Spanish-speaking place will help you learn new phrases and words. It also gives you an opportunity to eat some great food and meet new people![9]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 7 Version 2.jpg
    • The process of immersion may be the quickest way to learn any language. If you think about it, that's the way you learned your first language.
    • Foreign exchange and study abroad programs are a great way to immerse yourself if you’re in school.
  2. Talk to fluent Spanish speakers to practice your speaking skills. There are millions of Spanish speakers in the world and you don't have to travel to Spain or Latin American to find native speakers who are willing to converse with you. Ask a fluent classmate, friend, or family member to help you practice your Spanish skills.[10]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • Talking and listening to Spanish speakers can help you better understand the flow of conversation. Native speakers also can correct errors you're making before you embarrass yourself or end up committing errors to memory.
  3. Watch Spanish-language TV shows and films to learn over time. Watching Spanish language television can help train your ear to distinguish the sounds. It’s also a great since you can put the closed captioning on to figure out what each line of dialogue means as it is being spoken. Look up some foreign films or find the Spanish stations on TV to start waching.[11]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 9 Version 2.jpg
    • As you get better at the language, add Spanish subtitles while listening in Spanish to train yourself to commit the words and sounds to memory.
  4. Listen to Spanish-language music to test your ear for Spanish. Music is a good way to start identifying individual words and connecting them in your mind with their written form. It’s also a great way to memorize words since they tend to be repeated in songs during the chorus. Try listening to and singing along with the same song repetitively until you become familiar with the pronunciation and understand the lyrics.[12]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 10 Version 2.jpg
    • Depending on where you live, you may even be able to find a Spanish-language radio station on the AM or FM dial.
    • Apart from radio, you can easily find Spanish music online.
    • Find some songs you like, then do an internet search for the lyrics. That way you can read along as the song plays to better connect the written and spoken word in your mind.
  5. Change the language on your phone or computer. Using the settings on your smartphone, computer, or tablet, you can change the default language from your native language to Spanish. Since you already know where menu items are, this change will help you learn those words in Spanish.[13]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 11 Version 2.jpg
    • Many websites and social media platforms also allow you to change your default language. You could even change the language for your web browser, or use a translate plugin to translate web pages into Spanish.
    • You also can look for Spanish-language websites and try to read those. Many news sites will have a video along with a transcript of the video, so you can read and listen at the same time.
  6. Label household items with their Spanish words to memorize them. Giving yourself a visual reminder of the Spanish word for something you encounter on a daily basis will eventually set that word firmly in your mind. This is a really easy way to build your vocabulary. Use a label maker, post-it notes, or stickers to label each common item in your home.[14]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 12 Version 2.jpg
    • Make sure you're using an adhesive that won't peel paint or damage the item you're labeling, since you'll probably want to take it off later.
    • Don't try to label everything at once. Start off with 5-10 items, look up the Spanish word for those things, and label them. Once you know those words, take the labels off and move on to a different set of items. If you forget a word, simply go back and do it again.

[Edit]Taking a Class and Practicing

  1. Enroll in a formal class or hire a tutor to learn the grammar rules. You can learn conversational Spanish without any formal training, but the grammar can be a little difficult to learn without help. Look into taking a class at your local community college, seek out a night class for adult learners, or pick up a Spanish class for your next semester. You can even hire a private tutor to help you learn the more complex material.[15]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 13 Version 2.jpg
    • The benefit of having a coach or tutor is that you have someone else who is holding you accountable.
    • If you can't afford to hire someone yourself, or don't have the opportunity to take a class, consider learning the language with a friend so the two of you can hold each other accountable.
    • Sites like OpenLearn (https://www.open.edu/) and Open Yale (https://oyc.yale.edu/) have free online classes you can take from the comfort of your own home. You won’t get any one-on-one practice or feedback, but these courses are great if you’re looking for something free!
  2. Practice your Spanish and teach yourself with free resources online. There are numerous websites and mobile apps that will teach you the basics of Spanish, and many of them are free. Don't expect these resources to bring you to fluency, but they can help your skills in limited areas.[16]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 14 Version 2.jpg
    • Websites and mobile apps are good for drilling vocabulary and basic phrases, but you’ll end up with a pretty scattered understanding of Spanish if you rely on them alone. Be prepared to do some immersion (either at home or abroad) if you want to become truly fluent.
  3. Spend at least 45 minutes a day practicing your Spanish. You aren't going to learn to speak Spanish overnight—it will take time. Decide how long your sessions are going to be, and try to have them at the same time each day so practicing becomes habitual. You won’t retain much from a 10-minute session and you’re likely to burn out after more than 2 hours, so try to spend 45-60 minutes a day practicing.[17]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 15 Version 2.jpg
    • Set a notification on your computer or phone to go off at the same time every day and remind you that it’s time to practice.
  4. Set small, measurable goals to learn new concepts over time. The idea of learning an entire language can be overwhelming, especially when you think about how long it took you to learn your first language. Breaking the work down into smaller, reachable goals enables you to monitor your progress.[18]
    Speak Spanish (Basics) Step 16 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, you may set the goal of memorizing the Spanish pronouns in one week, learning the words for common foods in two days, or writing a paragraph in Spanish at the end of your first month.
    • Write your goals down and evaluate your progress each week. If you fail to meet a goal, try not to get too down about it. Simply reassess and figure out what went wrong. If it's something you can correct by making an adjustment, make that adjustment and try again next week.

[Edit]Video

[Edit]Tips

  • Learning a second language can be difficult. Don't be too hard on yourself if you forget something or make mistakes. Try to practice every day, and have patience.
  • Try learning at least one phrase a day. Common phrases like, “How are you,” "What is your name," and, “What time is it,” are great places to start.
  • Keep in mind that there are pronunciation differences in different countries. Someone from Spain is going to sound very different from someone who learned to speak in Mexico, and someone from Mexico will have a different accent than someone from Colombia—just as people from Great Britain speak English differently than Americans.

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Thu, 09 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Fix-a-Wrap-Dress-Neckline https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Fix-a-Wrap-Dress-Neckline Wrap dresses are versatile garments that look great on many different body shapes. A common issue with them, though, is the neckline—they tend to sit too low or gape open. If this is the case with your dress, don't worry! There are lots of ways you can fix it quickly with things you likely already have at home. There are even a few different ways to alter the dress to fix the neckline.

Wrap dresses are versatile garments that look great on many different body shapes. A common issue with them, though, is the neckline—they tend to sit too low or gape open. If this is the case with your dress, don't worry! There are lots of ways you can fix it quickly with things you likely already have at home. There are even a few different ways to alter the dress to fix the neckline.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Securing the Neckline

  1. Use a safety pin to hold your wrap dress in place on-the-go. Put on your wrap dress and pin it where the dress crisscrosses at the waist. Push the safety pin through the under-layer of fabric instead of all the way through, if possible, so the safety pin isn’t visible.[1]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 1.jpg
    • Pinning the dress where it crisscrosses near your waist will hold the neckline in place without causing it to pull.
    • Use safety pins to fix a gaping neckline.
  2. Hold your neckline exactly where you’d like it using double-sided tape. Purchase double-sided tape made specifically for clothing so that it sticks to your skin properly without causing irritation. Put on your dress and cut a strip of the tape. Place the tape along the inside edge of your dress’s neckline before pressing it down on your skin to keep it in place.[2]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 2.jpg
    • Double-sided tape for clothing can be found at a big box store or online.
    • The tape will attach right at the neckline's hem in a V-shape.
    • This is a great option if your neckline is too low.
  3. Attach a snap button to the neckline to hold it together. Put on the wrap dress and decide where you’d like the snap button to go so it holds your neckline together without pulling too much. This is usually where the bottom of the V-shape is in your dress's neckline. Mark this with a safety pin and sew the bottom of the snap button on the bottom layer and the top of the button on the top layer by pulling a needle and thread through the holes of the snap button parts.[3]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 3.jpg
    • If your neckline is way too low, move the snap button up about from the bottom of the V-shape.
    • Snap the button into place and enjoy your dress’s new neckline.
    • Snap buttons can be found at a local craft or big box store.
    • Use a snap button to fix a neckline that's too low or gaping.
  4. Sew a hook-and-eye clasp onto the neckline for a permanent solution. These clasps are a little more noticeable but will hold your neckline together similar to a snap button. Position the clasp where the fabric gapes or put it higher than the V if the neckline is too low. Sew each piece onto one side of the wrap dress’s neckline by looping a needle and thread through the holes in the clasp pieces. Once it’s sewed on, put on your dress and hook the clasp to show off your new neckline.[4]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 4.jpg
    • Look for hook-and-eye clasps at a craft or big box store, along with a needle and thread to attach them to the dress.
    • Hook-and-eye clasps will fix gaping necklines as well as necklines that are too low.

[Edit]Adding Layers or Extra Material

  1. Wear the wrap dress over a camisole or slip for a quick fix. Pick out a camisole or slip that matches your wrap dress and wear it underneath so you don’t have to worry about your neckline. Wearing a modest layer of clothing under your wrap dress is a great way to fix a neckline that's gaping or too low.[5]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 5.jpg
    • Choose a cami or slip that’s the same color as your dress so it blends in seamlessly.
    • Slips or camisoles with V-necks are best since your wrap dress has a V-shape too.
  2. Let a lacy bra peek out from your dress to add texture. If your neckline is just a little too low, letting a little bit of lace show can be a nice way to cover up more skin while still creating a stylish look. Pick out a lacy bra or bralette that matches your wrap dress and wear it under the dress to show off some contrasting textures.[6]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 6.jpg
    • For example, you might wear a black lace bralette under a black, blue, and white floral wrap dress.
  3. Add lace or ribbon to the neckline to make it more modest. Purchase strands of lace or ribbon that match your wrap dress. Measure the neckline's length and cut the lace or ribbon so it’s long enough to go around the entire neckline. Use a needle and thread to attach the ribbon or lace to the edge of the neckline, making the neckline taller. Sew the ribbon or lace onto the inside of the dress so the stitching isn’t super visible.[7]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 7.jpg
    • Choose wide ribbon or lace for more coverage.
    • If you have a sewing machine, you can use this to attach the ribbon or lace instead.

[Edit]Altering the Neckline

  1. Take in the shoulder seam to fix a big neckline gape. Undo the sewed seams in each shoulder of your wrap dress using a seam ripper or scissors. Pull up the fabric so that the neckline is slightly shorter and sew the shoulder seams back together at the new fabric points. Use sewing pins to hold the seams in place as you sew them.[8]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 8.jpg
    • Try your dress on to see how much fabric you should take in at each shoulder seam before pinning it, if you'd like.
  2. Create a drawstring gathering to make your neckline smaller. If you don't mind part of your neckline looking scrunched up, this is an easy way to bring the neckline in so it fits you better. Sew a straight stitch along the area you'd like gathered, such as near the shoulders or at the base of the 'V' shape. Tug on the fabric to scrunch it up before knotting your thread so the fabric stays in place.[9]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 9.jpg
    • Use thread that matches the color of your wrap dress neckline so it blends in well.
  3. Use stay tape along your neckline to keep it from stretching out. Take out the stitches in your neckline's hem and cut strands of stay tape that fit along each edge of your neckline. Secure the stay tape using steam or its sticky coating in a straight line along the fabric's edge before folding it over into the neckline. Stitch the fold together so your wrap dress looks just as it did before, but it now has stay tape to keep it from stretching.[10]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 10.jpg
    • Use a straight stitch or zig-zag stitch to hold the folded neckline hem in place.
    • Some types of stay tape need steam for them to adhere to the fabric while others already have a fabric glue on them.
  4. Make darts in the fabric to remove excess fabric so the neckline fits. Take out the stitching of the entire bodice of your wrap dress so that you can lay the front flat. Mark the fabric where you'd like to create the darts and cut a slim triangle on either side of the chest area to form them. Pinch the fabric together to gather the material and sew the triangle together so there isn't any empty space anymore.[11]
    Fix a Wrap Dress Neckline Step 11.jpg
    • Put your wrap dress on and create two darts on either side of your chest by pulling the fabric into an overlapping triangle with your fingers to see how big the darts need to be.
    • Sew the wrap dress bodice back onto the dress once you're finished making the darts.

[Edit]Tips

  • If you bring your wrap dress to a tailor, they can fix your neckline for you.

[Edit]References

]]>
Wed, 08 Jul 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Build a Longbow https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Build-a-Longbow https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Build-a-Longbow Building a longbow from scratch isn’t quite so simple as finding a long piece of wood and attaching a string to it. That said, it isn’t beyond the skills of the average DIYer, and it can be a very rewarding project. If you take the time to choose, shape, string, and finish your bow properly, you can build yourself a functioning longbow that might last for years.

Building a longbow from scratch isn’t quite so simple as finding a long piece of wood and attaching a string to it. That said, it isn’t beyond the skills of the average DIYer, and it can be a very rewarding project. If you take the time to choose, shape, string, and finish your bow properly, you can build yourself a functioning longbow that might last for years.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Shaping Your Bow

  1. Buy or find a long, straight, knot-free hardwood stave. Your stave—the piece of wood that will become the bow—needs to be sturdy yet somewhat flexible, and have few if any twists and knots. It should be about long and in diameter.[1]
    Build a Longbow Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • You can buy a piece of hardwood at a home improvement store, or build a more rustic longbow by using a tree branch. Fallen branches often work just as well or even better than fresh-cut branches. Look for a fallen branch that has dried out somewhat but isn't brittle.
    • Some of the best bow woods include yew, ash, and hickory. That said, pretty much any hardwood, including maple and oak, will do the job. Softwoods like pine and cedar aren't good candidates.
  2. Scrape off any bark on the stave with a knife or other sharp tool. A pocket knife or wood carving knife works well here, but pretty much any type of sharp blade will do. Use short, shallow strokes to scrape away the bark. Try not to remove the wood beneath the bark at this point, though.[2]
    Build a Longbow Step 2 Version 2.jpg
    • It’s not essential to remove the bark, but it makes it easier to get a better look at how the wood flexes and make adjustments as needed. It also improves the appearance of your DIY bow!
  3. Press the stave while it’s upright to find its natural curve. Hold the stave upright, with a loose grip on the top and the bottom set against your foot. Gently press outward against the center of the stave. The stave will rotate and its natural curve will point away from you.[3]
    Build a Longbow Step 3 Version 2.jpg
    • This maneuver identifies the inside and outside—also called the “belly” and “back”—of the bow. The “belly” will be closest to your body when you draw the bow.
    • You may be making some cuts to the inside of the stave, but the outside must be left untouched. Any cuts made to the outside will severely affect the longevity and structural integrity of the bow.
  4. Mark the handhold at the center of the stave. Find the middle of the stave, using a tape measure if available, or by making your best guess. Measure or estimate in both directions along the stave from the center point, and mark these with a permanent marker or a shallow notch with your knife.[4]
    Build a Longbow Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • This center section is the handhold—the spot where you’ll hold the bow while drawing it. Like the outside of the stave, leave the handhold untouched to preserve the structural integrity of the bow.
  5. Bend the stave again and take a closer look at the curve. Hold the stave upright with your hand and against your foot once again. This time, though, apply a bit more pressure to flex the wood further—the center should push outward by at least . Look closely at the curve of the stave and identify any spots where the wood isn’t flexing as easily.[5]
    Build a Longbow Step 5 Version 2.jpg
  6. Shave wood from the inside of the bow to adjust the curve. Using the blade of your knife or other sharp tool, shave away a few layers of bark and wood from one of the spots where the wood isn’t flexing properly. By removing wood, you will increase the flexibility of the stiff areas. Keep shaving away wood and testing the flexibility of the bow until it bends in a uniform shape, both above and below the handhold.[6]
    Build a Longbow Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • Cut wood only from the inside of the curve. Leave the outside of the bow untouched.
    • The handhold and tips should remain relatively straight compared to the rest of the bow.
    • The amount of carving required will vary greatly depending on how thick the stave is.

[Edit]Stringing the Bow

  1. Cut notches on the inside and outside of each bow tip. These notches will hold the bow string in place. Make the notches on the outside curve no more than deep, and the notches on the inside no more than deep.[7]
    Build a Longbow Step 7 Version 2.jpg
    • Cut the notches about in from the tips of the bow.
  2. Tie your chosen bow string around the notches you cut. The bow string should be about shorter than the stave. Tie one end around the notches at the bottom of the stave, then tie a slipknot at the other end of the bow string. Flex the bow until you can get the slipknot over the notches at the top of the bow.[8]
    Build a Longbow Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • Once in place, there should be a gap of about between the bow string and the handhold. Choose a different length of bow string if the gap is substantially smaller or larger than this.
    • Purchase a bow string, or use any string or cord material that is strong and durable, and that stretches only slightly under tension. Good options include nylon paracord, a long shoestring, or even twisted-together plant fibers if you really want to get back to nature!
    • Do not pull back on the string yet—the bow is not complete and could break.
  3. Hang the bow horizontally so it’s positioned above you. Your aim is to rest the bow on the center handhold, above your head height but within your reach, with the string perpendicular to the ground. If you’re at home, you can, for instance, hang the handhold from a bicycle hook screwed into a roof rafter or ceiling joist. In the woods, find a sturdy, low-hanging tree limb that you can feed the bow over until it’s nearly against the trunk.[9]
    Build a Longbow Step 9 Version 2.jpg
  4. Pull down on the bowstring and fine-tune the bend of the bow. Pull the string down about and look at the curve of the bow. Visually identify spots that aren’t bending freely, release the string, and use your knife to shave away wood from the inside of the bow in these areas. Pull the string again and repeat the process until the bow curves evenly.[10]
    Build a Longbow Step 10 Version 2.jpg
    • Don’t stop yet, though! Pull the string down and shave wood from the bow as needed. Repeat the process at and as well.

[Edit]Finishing Your Bow

  1. Apply a coat of a protective oil to keep the wood from drying out. Linseed oil and tung oil are good options here. Apply an even coat of your chosen oil with a natural bristle paint brush, then wipe away the excess with a rag. Allow the oil to dry for at least 4 hours, and possibly overnight.[11]
    Build a Longbow Step 11 Version 2.jpg
    • Throw the oil-soaked rag in a bucket of water and leave it there while the bow dries. Then, hang the rag out to dry and throw it in the trash once it’s no longer damp. This eliminates the chance of the oil-soaked rag catching on fire.
    • Applying a protective oil is an optional step, but it will help your bow last longer and look better.
  2. Rub the dried finish with fine sandpaper, then apply more oil if desired. Once the coat of oil is completely dry, lightly rub the entire bow with fine-grit (360 or higher grit) sandpaper. If you want to apply a second coat of oil, wipe down the sanded bow with a tack cloth, then apply the second coat in the same manner as the first.[12]
    Build a Longbow Step 12.jpg
  3. Try out your new bow. At this point, the bow is ready to be used. Nock an arrow, get into firing position, draw the bowstring, zero in on your practice target, and let it fly!
    Build a Longbow Step 13.jpg
    • If you want to go completely DIY, try making your own arrows as well.
    • Do not test fire the bow without an arrow, as this can damage the bow and cause it to break.
    • Make safety your first priority when using your longbow. Never aim an arrow anywhere close to another person.

[Edit]Warnings

  • A longbow can be a deadly weapon. If you’re hunting, never point it at something you don’t intend to kill.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

  • Wood stave
  • Knife or carving tool
  • Bow string
  • Overhead hanging location
  • Protective oil
  • Paint brush
  • Rags
  • Bucket of water
  • Fine grit sandpaper
  • Tack cloth
  • Arrow

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

]]>
Wed, 08 Jul 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Replace Rice in a Keto Diet https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Replace-Rice-in-a-Keto-Diet https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Replace-Rice-in-a-Keto-Diet The ketogenic diet is a very low-carb, high-fat way of eating that is supposed to help your body burn fat more effectively. One of the biggest adjustments people have to make is cutting back on carbs, which means one of those meal-time staples—rice—is literally off the table. But just because you won’t be able to enjoy a bed of fluffy rice doesn’t mean your meals will be lackluster.

The ketogenic diet is a very low-carb, high-fat way of eating that is supposed to help your body burn fat more effectively. One of the biggest adjustments people have to make is cutting back on carbs, which means one of those meal-time staples—rice—is literally off the table. But just because you won’t be able to enjoy a bed of fluffy rice doesn’t mean your meals will be lackluster.[1]

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Enjoying Healthy Alternatives

  1. Prepare cauliflower rice for a slightly nutty-tasting substitute. Cauliflower rice has gotten more and more popular over the last few years. Add it to salads, use it to make faux-fried rice, or mix it with other veggies and a protein to make a delicious, filling meal.[2]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 1.jpg
    • Swapping rice for a cup (107 grams) of chopped cauliflower lowers your carb intake from about 34 grams to 5 grams.[3]
    • In addition to being a great substitute for rice, cauliflower can also be transformed into a sub for mashed potatoes.[4]
  2. Shred or grate cabbage for a colorful addition to your next meal. Instead of rice, add a layer of green or purple cabbage underneath a piece of grilled chicken or salmon. Mix it with other keto-friendly friends, like pumpkin seeds, feta cheese, and a squirt of fresh lime or lemon for a refreshing side dish.[5]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 2.jpg
    • A cup (89 grams) of chopped cabbage has 5 grams of carbs.[6]
    • You can eat cabbage raw, or you could microwave or sauté it so it has a softer rice-like consistency.
  3. Add some extra green to your next meal with vitamin-rich broccoli. Broccoli is easy to turn into a rice-like consistency—all you have to do is pulse it, stems and all, in a food processor or blender. For added texture, leave it raw. For a more rice-like feel, sauté or microwave it for a few minutes.[7]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 3.jpg
    • You can enjoy a cup (91 grams) of chopped broccoli for just 6 carbs, making it a smart substitute for rice.
    • Broccoli also contains a lot of fiber, which is important if you’re following a keto diet.
    • You could make cheese and broccoli fritters, “rice” bowls, or simply serve riced broccoli on the side to add more volume to your next meal.
  4. Give your next meal a sweet undertone with riced carrot. With a little bit of cinnamon or cayenne pepper, carrot can be a fun and colorful way to boost your vitamin intake while replacing rice. You could even mix it with riced cauliflower. Top it with fresh parsley and lemon juice for a sweet, tangy side dish.[8]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 4.jpg
    • One cup (128 grams) of chopped carrots has 12 carbs, which is a lot when you consider how many carbs you can have in one day on the keto diet. Cut the serving size down to 1/2 cup (64 grams) for just 6 grams of carbs.[9]
    • If you’re craving sweet things, this might be a great way to satisfy that need without overdoing it on carbs.
  5. Get an extra dose of potassium by ricing a butternut squash. Butternut squash is slightly sweet and nutty. It adds beautiful color to your plate while also giving your body lots of vitamins E and B-6. Use it to make a taco bowl with ground beef, or sauté it with other vegetables and some shrimp for a hearty dinnertime meal.[10]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 5.jpg
    • There are 16 grams of carbs in a cup (140 grams) of diced butternut squash. Bulk it up with some cauliflower rice to get the flavor without having to ingest as many carbs.
  6. Try konjac, or shirataki rice, as a fiber-rich replacement. This is a great option if you want something super high in fiber. Konjac is almost 100% fiber! You can find it in some Asian markets or you can order it online. Sauté it for a few minutes or pop it into the microwave for a minute to warm it up.[11]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 6.jpg
    • 3 ounces (85 grams) of konjac rice has just 3 carbs.
    • There can sometimes be a slightly fishy odor to this rice because of how it’s processed. Rinse it with warm water before adding it to your meal to get rid of the smell.
    • There’s a noodle version of konjac, too, which can make a nice substitute for pasta.
  7. Swap out rice for a bed of greens. It won’t look like rice and doesn’t even have the same texture, but a bed of greens can add bulk to your meal. Raw, sautéed, steamed, or roasted veggies can add a lot of flavor, color, and nutrients to your meal. Plus, green veggies tend to be the lowest in carbs. Try some of the following keto-friendly vegetables:[12]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 7.jpg
    • Spinach, lettuce, and kale
    • Asparagus
    • Cucumber
    • Zucchini
    • Green beans
    • Brussels sprouts
    • Green peppers

[Edit]Turning a Veggie into Rice

  1. Rinse, peel, and rough chop the veggie of your choice. If you’re using carrot or butternut squash, you’ll want to peel away the outer layer of skin. For cauliflower, you’ll remove the outer leaves, and for broccoli, you’ll want to trim away any rough or dead stems. Chop the veggies up into pieces that are small enough to fit into a food processor or blender.[13]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 8.jpg
    • Ricing vegetables is a quick and easy task! It takes a lot less time to prepare than rice, so you can get a meal on the table fast.
  2. Pulse the vegetables in a food processor until it’s in rice-sized bits. Place the chopped veggies into a food processor and put on the lid. Pulse the food in one-second increments until it’s in small rice-sized pieces. You may occasionally want to use a spatula to scrape down the sides.[14]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 9.jpg
    • If you have a grating attachment, put that into the food processor first and then feed the vegetables into the machine.
  3. Put the veggies into a microwave-safe bowl and drizzle them with olive oil. If you notice any large pieces that didn’t get grated in the food processor, pick them out. Use about of olive oil for each cup of vegetable.[15]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 10.jpg
    • You can use any cooking oil you want. When following a keto diet, extra-virgin olive oil is often encouraged, but you could also use avocado oil, grapeseed oil, or even coconut oil.[16]
  4. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and microwave the veggies for 3 minutes. Place the covered bowl into the microwave and let it cook for 2 1/2 to 3 minutes. When it’s done, carefully remove the bowl, peel back the plastic wrap, and stir the veggies. Taste-test them to see if they’re a soft enough consistency yet.[17]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 11.jpg
    • If the veggies are still hard, put them back in the microwave for 30-second intervals until they’re cooked.
    • If you don’t have a microwave, cook the veggies on the stovetop in sauté pan for 5-7 minutes.
  5. Measure out how much food you want for your meal. Tracking and measuring food is a big part of the keto diet, and you especially want to be careful to track how many carbs you’re eating each day. Use a measuring cup or food scale to spoon out the correct amount.[18]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 12.jpg
    • To figure out how many carbs are in a serving of food, check the label or search online for “food calculator.” There are lots of sites where you can research specific foods and get the breakdown of carbs, protein, and fat grams.
    • Writing down your food intake in a journal or logging it in an app can make tracking a lot easier. MyFitnessPal, Fooducate, My Diet Coach, and Lifesum are top-rated apps you can download on both Android and iOS phones.
    • Some people experience stalls in their weight loss because they stopped tracking their carbs and have ended up consuming more than the recommended amount.
  6. Store leftovers in the fridge or put them in the freezer for long-term storage. Pop whatever is left into an airtight container or resealable plastic bag and keep it in the fridge for 3-4 days. Leftovers will last for up to 3 months in the freezer. Simply put the veggies into a microwave-safe bowl and reheat them for a few minutes when you’re ready to use them.[19]
    Replace Rice in a Keto Diet Step 13.jpg
    • Label the container so it’s easy to remember how long the food will be good for.

[Edit]Tips

  • If you don’t want to make your own rice substitute, lots of stores are now offering various rice alternatives, pre-made![20]
  • While the keto diet is often used by people who want to lose weight, it can also be helpful managing conditions like epilepsy.[21]

[Edit]Warnings

  • Following the keto diet can be dangerous if you have certain types of medical conditions, like diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disease. Always check with your doctor before beginning any kind of diet plan.[22]
  • Be careful when taking food out of the microwave. Wear oven mitts or use a towel to hold the dish so you don’t get burned.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Turning a Veggie into Rice

  • Vegetable peeler
  • Sharp kitchen knife
  • Cutting board
  • Food processor or box grater
  • Microwave-safe bowl
  • Plastic wrap
  • Spoon
  • Oven mitts
  • Measuring cup or food scale
  • Container for leftovers

[Edit]References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK499830/
  2. https://www.thekitchn.com/how-to-make-cauliflower-rice-couscous-cooking-lessons-from-the-kitchn-203344
  3. https://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/vegetable-of-the-month-cauliflower
  4. https://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/vegetable-of-the-month-cauliflower
  5. https://brainygains.com/keto-rice-substitutes/
  6. https://www.nutritionvalue.org/Cabbage%2C_raw_nutritional_value.html
  7. https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/should-you-try-the-keto-diet
  8. https://www.epicurious.com/expert-advice/how-to-make-paleo-rice-substitute-from-any-vegetable-article
  9. https://www.nutritionvalue.org/Carrots%2C_raw_nutritional_value.html
  10. https://startketo.com/low-carb-rice-substitutes/
  11. https://startketo.com/low-carb-rice-substitutes/
  12. https://startketo.com/low-carb-rice-substitutes/
  13. https://www.epicurious.com/expert-advice/how-to-make-paleo-rice-substitute-from-any-vegetable-article
  14. https://www.epicurious.com/expert-advice/how-to-make-paleo-rice-substitute-from-any-vegetable-article
  15. https://www.epicurious.com/expert-advice/how-to-make-paleo-rice-substitute-from-any-vegetable-article
  16. https://www.epicurious.com/expert-advice/what-is-the-keto-diet-and-how-does-it-work-article
  17. https://www.epicurious.com/expert-advice/how-to-make-paleo-rice-substitute-from-any-vegetable-article
  18. https://startketo.com/weight-loss-stalls-on-keto-diet/
  19. https://www.thekitchn.com/how-to-make-cauliflower-rice-couscous-cooking-lessons-from-the-kitchn-203344
  20. https://www.epicurious.com/expert-advice/how-to-make-paleo-rice-substitute-from-any-vegetable-article
  21. https://www.eatright.org/health/weight-loss/fad-diets/what-is-the-ketogenic-diet
  22. https://familydoctor.org/keto-diet/
]]>
Wed, 08 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Measure Organic Matter in Water https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Measure-Organic-Matter-in-Water https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Measure-Organic-Matter-in-Water Measuring organic matter, or the remnants of organic compounds in the water, can help you track the health of your waterbody and the organisms living within it. If you have access to lab equipment, you can measure the total biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) or the amount of chemical oxygen demand (COD) in your water. If you don’t have access to lab equipment, consider sending a sample to a lab in your area.

Measuring organic matter, or the remnants of organic compounds in the water, can help you track the health of your waterbody and the organisms living within it. If you have access to lab equipment, you can measure the total biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) or the amount of chemical oxygen demand (COD) in your water. If you don’t have access to lab equipment, consider sending a sample to a lab in your area.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Collecting a Sample

  1. Pick an area of the water that is slow or still. Water that is fast-moving is harder to sample because the organic matter is swirling throughout it. Find an area of water that is either slow-moving or still to get an accurate sample.[1]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 1.jpg
    • If there aren’t any areas of slow-moving or still water nearby, you can take a sample from a fast-moving area. However, it may not be as accurate.
  2. Drop a weighted bottle into the water. Attach a weight or a rock to an glass bottle and attach it to a length of twine. Lower the bottle into the water until it hits the bottom.[2]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 2.jpg
    • A lot of sampling containers have been tried out and discarded, and while a bottle isn’t perfect, it is the most universally available.
  3. Wait for about 2 minutes to allow the water to settle. If you are standing near the bottle, keep still so you don’t kick up sediment particles. Wait for about 2 minutes, leaving the bottle in the water the entire time.[3]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 3.jpg
  4. Bring the bottle back up slowly and put a lid on it. Pull on the length of twine that the bottle is connected to and raise it up out of the water. Screw a lid on it so the sample is airtight and it won’t spill.[4]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 4.jpg
    • If you’d like to, take a few samples so you can get an average throughout the entire body of water.
  5. Keep the sample in the fridge until you can test it. Make sure your fridge is set to so the sample stays cool, but not frozen. Ideally, you should take your sample right before you test it, but if you need to store it, you can put it in the fridge.[5]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 5.jpg
    • The sooner you test your sample, the more accurate your results will be.

[Edit]Measuring BDOC

  1. Pour of the sample through a 2-um-pore-size filter. Measure out of your total sample, and set the rest aside to use later. Set a filter over a glass jar and pour your sample through the filter. Make sure all of the large pieces of organic matter are removed from the sample before you start testing it.[6]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 6.jpg
    • Make sure your filter is completely clean before you use it to avoid contamination.
    • Large pieces of sediment can contaminate your sample and disrupt the results.
    • BDOC is the total biodegradable dissolved organic carbon in the water, and it can help you determine how much bacteria is living in your waterbody.
  2. Add of autochthonous bacteria to the sample. Autochthonous bacteria is bacteria that was already present in the water sample. After you strain your sample, add of the unfiltered water back into the glass jar.[7]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 7.jpg
    • Putting the bacteria back into the water will tell you how much biodegradable carbon there is, not just carbon in general.
  3. Take of water from the sample. Now, measure out of the inoculated sample and separate it into two subsamples. Put the water into glass jars that have a lid on them for future storage. This will make testing easier and on a smaller scale.[8]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 8.jpg
  4. Measure the samples with a Dohrman 80 Total Carbon Analyser. Set the samples upright into the carbon analyser and shut the plastic lid. Turn the machine on and watch the display screen to see when it starts it measurements. Wait for the numerical reading on the front of the machine to record your first dissolved organic carbon, or DOC, reading.[9]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 9.jpg
    • The Dohrman 80 Total Carbon Analyser works by heating up the samples to an extreme temperature and then using UV light to measure the carbon levels.
    • You can also use this machine to test total organic carbon, or TOC.
    • To get more accurate results, test each sample 2 times and then take the average of the readings.
  5. Keep the samples at in the dark for 4 weeks. Place the sealed samples upright in the fridge that’s set to . Keep the door shut so the samples stay in the dark for 4 weeks, or 28 days.[10]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 10.jpg
    • The darkness will allow the bacteria to eat through the carbon to give you your results.
  6. Measure each sample again with a Dohrman 80 Total Carbon Analyser. Take your samples out of the fridge and put them back into the Carbon Analyser. Turn it on and wait for the reading to give you your final DOC number for each sample.[11]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 11.jpg
    • If you’d like to, you can take 2 readings of each sample again and average them out.
  7. Subtract the final DOC from the initial DOC to get BDOC. Take the average of all 4 of your readings to get the most accurate results. Your BDOC will be measured in parts per million, or mg/liter.[12]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 12.jpg
    • For example, if the initial DOC reading was 9.6 and the final was 7.8, the BDOC is 1.8 parts per million, or 1.8 mg/liter.
  8. Analyze your results based on what kind of waterbody you have. The BDOC level in water can depend on numerous factors, but if there’s a lot of bacteria in your water breaking down carbon, it’s probably not suitable for drinking without further filtration. High BDOC, or BDOC above 1 part per million, isn’t necessarily bad in all bodies of water.[13]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 13.jpg
    • If you’re concerned about the levels of biodegradable carbon in your water, talk to a wastewater management expert.

[Edit]Testing COD

  1. Separate of your sample into a test tube. You won’t need your entire water sample to determine the chemical oxygen demand. Set the rest of your sample aside in case you want to use it for more tests.[14]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 14.jpg
    • You can also test multiple tubes of samples at a time and average the results for more accuracy.
    • COD is the total chemical oxygen demand, and it can show you how much oxygen is being used in your waterbody.
  2. Prepare a test tube with of mineral water. Make sure the water is pure mineral water without any additives. You’ll use this test tube along with your sample tube to figure out the final equation.[15]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 15.jpg
    • The mineral water tube is also called the “blank.”
    • You can find mineral water at most grocery stores.
    • You need to do the same steps to the sample and the mineral water to have a comparison for your final equation.
  3. Add 1 g of magnesium sulfate, then let the mixture stand for 5 minutes. Take a small pipette and slowly add the magnesium sulfate to the sample and mineral water tube. Take your time, and make sure you don’t overload either tube. Leave your mixture on the counter for 5 minutes to let the solution dissolve.[16]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 16.jpg
    • You have to go slowly so that the magnesium sulfate can be absorbed into the water.
  4. Add in 1 g of silver sulfate and a few glass beads. Heat up 3 to 4 glass beads at for 1 hour. Add 2 beads to each test tube as you add the 1 g of silver sulfate to each tube.[17]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 17.jpg
    • The glass beads give the liquid in each tube a large surface area so they can cool and heat rapidly.
  5. Cool the sample in ice water, then add 75 mL of sulfuric acid. Dunk the tubes into ice water quickly, being careful not to get any water inside the tubes. Leave them there for 3 to 5 minutes until they are cooled to room temperature, then add in the sulfuric acid.[18]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 18.jpg
    • Use caution as you put in the sulfuric acid, and try not to get it on your skin.
    • If you do get sulfuric acid on your skin, rinse it off with cool water right away.
  6. Add in 25 mL of potassium dichromate. Use a clean pipette to drop potassium dichromate into each test tube. You don’t need to go slowly, so you can put in all 25 mL at once.[19]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 19.jpg
    • Your sample may change colors at this point, which is normal.
  7. Place the tubes onto a condenser and leave it for 2 hours. A condenser cools hot gas into liquids. Put all of your test tubes into the condenser and leave it on for 2 hours to transform your sample.[20]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 20.jpg
    • Make sure you keep track of time. If you leave your samples on the condenser for too long, it could skew your results.
  8. Add mineral water to each tube, then cool them to room temperature. Turn the condenser off and let them cool enough so you can touch them, or for about 2 minutes. Add enough mineral water to each test tube to create of total liquid in each tube. Leave the test tubes out on the counter for 10 to 15 minutes until they are completely cool.[21]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 21.jpg
    • If your test tubes are too small, transfer the liquid to a larger glass container.
  9. Titrate the sample with Ferroin indicator solution. Use a pipette to slowly add Ferroin indicator solution 1 drop at a time. Keep track of how many drops you use for both the mineral water tube and your actual sample tube.[22]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 22.jpg
    • It’s very important to count how many drops you use in each, because you’ll use that number in your final calculation.
  10. Stop titration when the color turns reddish brown. The goal is to turn your sample from a green/blue color to a red/brown color. Once the sample changes, stop the titration and write down how many drops of indicator solution you used.[23]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 23.jpg
  11. Determine COD by comparing your sample tube to the mineral water. First, subtract the amount in mL of indicator solution you used on the actual sample from the amount of indicator solution you used on the mineral water. Then, multiply that number by 0.1, which is the normality for the indicator solution you used. Multiply that sum by 8,000, then divide the number by to get your amount of chemical oxygen demand in parts per million, or mg/Liter.[24]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 24.jpg
    • For example, if you used 4 mL in your actual sample and 20 mL in your mineral water, subtract 20 - 4 to get 16. Then, multiply that by 0.1 to get 1.6. Multiply 1.6 x 8,000 to get 12,800, then divide that by 50 mL (your sample size) to get 246 mg/L.
  12. Aim for a COD of 10 to 30 mg/L for an unpolluted waterbody. If the COD is 10 to 30 mg/L, it’s not polluted. If the COD is 25 to 50 mg/L, it’s mildly polluted. If the COD is 250 mg/L, it’s sewage water.[25]
    Measure Organic Matter in Water Step 25.jpg
    • If you are concerned about the amount of COD in your water, contact a wastewater management specialist.

[Edit]Tips

  • Test your sample as soon as possible for the most accurate results.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Always read the manuals for all lab equipment before using it.
  • If you are not familiar with lab equipment or the chemicals used in the testing process, send your sample to a lab for a professional evaluation.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Collecting a Sample

  • glass bottle with lid
  • Weight
  • Twine

[Edit]Measuring BDOC

  • Filter
  • Glass jars
  • Dohrman 80 Total Carbon Analyser

[Edit]Testing COD

  • Test tubes
  • Mineral water
  • Pipette
  • Magnesium sulfate
  • Silver sulfate
  • Glass beads
  • Sulfuric acid
  • Potassium dichromate
  • Condenser
  • Ferroin indicator solution


[Edit]References

]]>
Tue, 07 Jul 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Do the Merengue https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Do-the-Merengue https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Do-the-Merengue The merengue is a fast-paced Dominican dance that you can do with a partner or on your own. Any new dance takes practice to learn, but the merengue has some pretty basic steps that aren’t hard to memorize. Once you’ve got the essential elements down, you can have fun adding turns and twists to your dance with a partner.

The merengue is a fast-paced Dominican dance that you can do with a partner or on your own. Any new dance takes practice to learn, but the merengue has some pretty basic steps that aren’t hard to memorize. Once you’ve got the essential elements down, you can have fun adding turns and twists to your dance with a partner.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Trying the Basics

  1. March in place on every beat.[1] If you’re following, start marching with your right foot. If you’re leading, start marching with your left. For every count of the beat, march 1 step.[2]
    Do the Merengue Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • You don’t need to pick your feet up very high—about is all you need to march in place.
  2. Bend both knees slightly as you pick your feet up. To give yourself a little bounce, keep your knees bent as you make each movement. Try not to lock your knees up, or you might look stiff. The merengue is all about fluid, even motion.[3]
    Do the Merengue Step 2 Version 3.jpg
    • Keeping your knees bent will also help you keep your steps going in one fluid motion.
  3. Shift your weight to the foot you’re stepping down on. For each step that you take, naturally let your hip fall down in time with your feet as you shift your weight. You don't need an excessive hip shaking or gyrating—just that natural hip movement that takes place when you shift weight.[4]
    Do the Merengue Step 3 Version 3.jpg
    • Your hips may move slightly up and down as you sway back and forth.
    • This motion will come naturally to you as you practice the movements more.
  4. Listen to merengue music to feel the rhythm. Merengue music is all in 4/4 time, so it’s easy to apply to almost any song. Fernando Villalona, Juan Luis Guerra, Eddy Herrera, and Toño Rosario are all artists with great merengue music you can listen to and practice with.[5]
    Do the Merengue Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • You can also find merengue mixes on YouTube with hours and hours of songs playing continuously.

[Edit]Dancing with a Partner

  1. Face your partner and stand about apart. The merengue is a pretty intimate dance, so you’ll want to start out with someone you know pretty well. Start by facing each other and then move in closer so there isn’t much distance between the two of you.[6]
    Do the Merengue Step 5 Version 2.jpg
  2. Put your hand on your partner’s shoulder blade. Lift both of your arms up to about shoulder-height. If you’re the leader, put your right hand on your partner’s left shoulder blade, and if you’re the follower, put your left hand on your partner’s right shoulder blade.[7]
    Do the Merengue Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • This is also called closed dance position.[8]
  3. Grab your partner’s free hand with your other hand. Now, put your free arm up in an L shape at about shoulder-height. Grasp your partner’s free hand in yours for a secure hold.[9]
    Do the Merengue Step 7 Version 2.jpg
    • If you’re the leading partner, you’ll raise your left hand. If you’re the follower, you’ll raise your right hand.
  4. Travel across the floor in a circle.[10] With this basic marching step, start moving back and forth, left and right. If you’re the leading partner, rotate slowly in a 360 degree turn. Take a full 8 beats to do the turn, and try not to rush your movements.[11]
    Do the Merengue Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • If you’re feeling groovy, take 16 counts to do the turn instead of 8.

[Edit]Adding Advanced Moves

  1. Try a one-handed turn. While doing the basic steps, grab both of your partner’s hands in your own. If you’re the leading partner, keep one hand clasped and lift the other one in the air, letting your partner turn either inside or outside of their own arm. If you’re the follower, keep one hand on your partner’s and spin underneath your own arm in one direction.[12]
    Do the Merengue Step 9 Version 2.jpg
    • Keep the basic step going the entire time! Turn at the same pace you're stepping: a casual 1, 2, 3, 4.
  2. Add in two-handed turns. Slide out into the same open position you would for one-handed turns, and, this time, lift both hands up into the air. If you’re the following partner, go under both of your arms in a 360 degree turn, ending with your arms crossed. To uncross your arms, turn back around in the opposite direction.[13]
    Do the Merengue Step 10.jpg
  3. Do the hammerlock turn. If you’re the leading partner, raise one hand up in the air and turn your partner to the outside. If you’re the following partner, wrap one of your arms behind your back and keep one arm out. This will put you directly next to your partner so you’re side-by-side. If you’re the leading partner, put your free hand on your partner’s hip.[14]
    Do the Merengue Step 11.jpg
    • If you'd like, keep that momentum and turn in a slow, 360 degree circle. Then, unwind the following partner by taking their free hand and spinning her back the other direction, resuming a normal stance.
  4. Add in a cuddle turn. If you’re the leader, raise one hand up in the air and turn your partner to the inside. If you’re the follower, wrap both of your arms around yourself and stand directly in front of your partner. Next, if you’re the leading partner, move your partner to the side and stand hip to hip with them.[15]
    Do the Merengue Step 12.jpg
    • You can take your momentum to move around in a circle, with the following partner going backwards.

[Edit]Tips

  • Try joining a merengue class to get practice every week.
  • Learning a new dance can be hard, so don’t give up!

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

]]>
Tue, 07 Jul 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Care for Clip in Hair Extensions https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Care-for-Clip-in-Hair-Extensions https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Care-for-Clip-in-Hair-Extensions Like your regular hair, your clip in hair extensions need some TLC to stay in great condition. It only takes a few minutes to clean both synthetic and real extensions, and it takes even less time to tend to your wefts, or individual sections of hair, on a daily or regular basis. With a regular maintenance plan in place, your extensions can look even more sleek and beautiful when you choose to wear them.

Like your regular hair, your clip in hair extensions need some TLC to stay in great condition. It only takes a few minutes to clean both synthetic and real extensions, and it takes even less time to tend to your wefts, or individual sections of hair, on a daily or regular basis. With a regular maintenance plan in place, your extensions can look even more sleek and beautiful when you choose to wear them.


[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Washing your Extensions

  1. Brush out any tangles from your hair extensions. Take a wide-tooth comb or soft bristled brush and work your way through your extension. Start brushing about from the bottom of the extension to get the obvious tangles out, then work your way up. Continue brushing through your hair extension until there are no more tangles.[1]

    Care for Clip in Hair Extensions Step 1 Version 4.jpg
    • You may run into some difficulties if you try washing a tangled extension.
  2. Pour lukewarm water into a clean sink or basin. Turn on your tap and check to make sure it isn’t too hot or cold. Fill your sink or basin about halfway, or full enough so you can soak your entire extension.[2]
    Care for Clip in Hair Extensions Step 2 Version 4.jpg
    • Synthetic hair extensions tend to be heat sensitive, so it’s best to use cold water for them.[3]
  3. Stir a pea-sized amount of shampoo into the sink. Grab a shampoo that doesn’t have a lot of additives in it, like sulfates or alcohol. Squeeze a small amount into your sink or basin, then stir until you create suds.[4]

    • If you’re washing a synthetic hair extension, use shampoo designed specifically for synthetic hair. You can find this online.[5]
  4. Massage the extensions in sudsy water. Hold the base of the extension right below the wig clips, then submerge the rest of the extension into the soapy water. Work the suds into the extension with your fingers to get rid of any dirt or build-up that’s collected in the hair.[6]

  5. Rinse out the extensions with lukewarm water. Drape your washed extensions on a clean towel. Once you’ve set aside your wefts, drain out the soapy water and refill your sink or basin with clean, lukewarm water. Dip your soapy hair extensions into the clean water and hold them beneath a stream of clean tap water until there are no more suds in the weft.[7]

    • You may not be able to wash all of the suds out at once. Just continue rinsing until the water dripping off your wefts is clear.
  6. Massage a pea-sized amount of conditioner into each extension and let it sit. Rub the conditioner through all of the extension, then let it soak in for at least 1 hour. If you want to go the extra mile, treat your extensions with an overnight conditioner instead.[8]

    • When conditioning a weft overnight, tie the base with a hair tie, then twist the extension and secure it in a shower cap.
    • Conditioner helps ensure that your hair is really silky and soft.
  7. Rinse out any leftover conditioner with lukewarm water. Turn your tap onto a lukewarm setting, then place your conditioned wefts beneath the tap. Rub away any remaining product with your fingers.[9]

  8. Drench the extensions with cold water to seal in the effects of the conditioner. Switch your tap to a really cold setting and continue to rinse your wefts. Rinse off all of the hair that you’ve just conditioned, which will help the conditioner soak into your hair.[10]
    Care for Clip in Hair Extensions Step 8 Version 4.jpg
    • If you’re working with synthetic wefts, you don’t have to worry about this step.
  9. Let your extensions air-dry on a clean towel. Place a clean towel on a sturdy surface, then spread out your wefts overtop. Check that your wefts are as flat as possible, and that none are stacking on top of one another. Lightly comb through the extensions with your fingers to get rid of any leftover tangles.[11]
    Care for Clip in Hair Extensions Step 9.jpg
    • Check on your wefts periodically to see if they’re dry to the touch. You’ll probably need to let them dry overnight, or even longer.

[Edit]Practicing Hygienic Habits

  1. Establish a regular cleaning schedule for your wefts. Choose a time during the week or month to give your clip in extensions a little extra TLC, especially if you wear them often. Try to wash your synthetic extensions around once a week, if possible.[12] If you use real hair extensions, take time to wash them every 6-8 wears.[13]
    Care for Clip in Hair Extensions Step 10.jpg
    • There isn’t a hard and fast cleaning schedule that applies to everyone. If you don’t wear your extensions that often, you don’t need to clean them as frequently.
  2. Tie your extensions and store them in the box they came in. Take a regular hair tie and twist it around the base of the hair extension, about from the weft and clip. Carefully slide your extensions into the box they came in so they don’t get frizzy and tangled.[14]

    • If you don’t have the original box on hand, use a sturdy bag or other container to store your extensions.
  3. Brush your extensions on a regular basis. Use a wide-tooth comb, soft bristle brush, or wire brush to gently work away any tangles or snares in the hair. Start brushing along the bottom of the extension, then slowly work your way up. Always brush in a downwards direction so your hair looks really smooth and silky.[15]
    Care for Clip in Hair Extensions Step 12.jpg
    • Comb your clip-in extensions in the same way you’d care for your real hair. If you wouldn’t yank a brush through your own hair, you shouldn’t do it to your extensions, either.
  4. Spray your natural hair wefts with heat-protectant spray before styling. Spritz the product all over the surface of the weft, or at least the areas you plan on curling or straightening. This spray can help make your extensions last longer, especially if you wear them a lot.[16]
    Care for Clip in Hair Extensions Step 13.jpg
  5. Invest in wig-specific brushes, combs, and shampoos. Check online or visit your local beauty supply shop for specialty combs and shampoos for your extensions. Try to stock up on wig-specific products, especially if you wear extensions fairly often. [17]
    Care for Clip in Hair Extensions Step 14.jpg
    • If you aren’t sure which products to use, ask a stylist or beauty store associate for their recommendations.

[Edit]Expert Advice

Use these tips to take care of your hair extensions:

  • Apply moisturizing conditioner from the mid-shaft to the ends, not the roots.
  • Put your hair into a ponytail when you workout or sleep.
  • Take a shower before you go swimming so that your extensions absorb clean water first.
  • Gently brush your hair daily and try not to rip the extensions.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Never wash synthetic hair extensions with hot water, or use any heat tools to style them. This can melt or really damage the fibers.[18]
  • Don’t use your regular shampoo to wash your extensions, as it usually has a lot of added chemicals. Instead, use a special wig shampoo or another product that doesn’t have a lot of harsh chemicals.[19]
  • Don’t try to rub your extensions to dry them off. This will just cause a lot of fizziness.[20]

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Washing Your Extensions

  • Wig brush
  • Lukewarm or cold water
  • Shampoo
  • Conditioner
  • Towel
  • Wide-tooth comb

[Edit]Practicing Hygienic Habits

  • Hair tie
  • Storage box
  • Heat protectant spray
  • Wig brush

[Edit]Video

[Edit]Related wikiHows


[Edit]References

  1. https://www.cleanipedia.com/gb/clothing-care/how-to-wash-hair-extensions-and-wigs-from-synthetic-material.html
  2. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=sn8JKzwQxiU&t=0m45s
  3. https://www.cleanipedia.com/gb/clothing-care/how-to-wash-hair-extensions-and-wigs-from-synthetic-material.html
  4. https://www.forbes.com/sites/celiashatzman/2016/05/31/5-rules-to-know-before-you-get-hair-extensions/#4ba1d3a828a2
  5. https://www.cleanipedia.com/gb/clothing-care/how-to-wash-hair-extensions-and-wigs-from-synthetic-material.html
  6. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=sn8JKzwQxiU&t=1m32s
  7. https://www.bellamihair.com/pages/how-to-wash-clip-in-hair-extensions
  8. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=sn8JKzwQxiU&t=2m37s
  9. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=sn8JKzwQxiU&t=3m0s
  10. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=sn8JKzwQxiU&t=3m26s
  11. https://www.irresistibleme.com/blogs/news/10-tips-on-how-to-care-for-your-clip-in-hair-extensions
  12. https://www.cleanipedia.com/gb/clothing-care/how-to-wash-hair-extensions-and-wigs-from-synthetic-material.html
  13. https://www.forbes.com/sites/celiashatzman/2016/05/31/5-rules-to-know-before-you-get-hair-extensions/#4ba1d3a828a2
  14. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=XuJvVYtg0pQ&t=3m5s
  15. https://www.irresistibleme.com/blogs/news/10-tips-on-how-to-care-for-your-clip-in-hair-extensions
  16. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=sn8JKzwQxiU&t=4m36s
  17. https://www.cleanipedia.com/gb/clothing-care/how-to-wash-hair-extensions-and-wigs-from-synthetic-material.html
  18. https://www.cleanipedia.com/gb/clothing-care/how-to-wash-hair-extensions-and-wigs-from-synthetic-material.html
  19. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=sn8JKzwQxiU&t=1m5s
  20. https://www.cleanipedia.com/gb/clothing-care/how-to-wash-hair-extensions-and-wigs-from-synthetic-material.html
]]>
Tue, 07 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Cover Pocket Holes https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Cover-Pocket-Holes https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Cover-Pocket-Holes Pocket holes are a nice way to join pieces of wood with hidden screws that are sunken into the wood, rather than exposed on the surface. After you drill your pocket holes and insert your screws, you’ll probably want to fill in the pocket holes to hide them. This will give your woodworking project a finished, professional look. Covering up your pocket holes is fairly straightforward—you can actually buy special plugs made just for the job! You can also try using different fillers as an alternative. Either way, you’ll be able to hide those pocket holes in no time.

Pocket holes are a nice way to join pieces of wood with hidden screws that are sunken into the wood, rather than exposed on the surface. After you drill your pocket holes and insert your screws, you’ll probably want to fill in the pocket holes to hide them. This will give your woodworking project a finished, professional look. Covering up your pocket holes is fairly straightforward—you can actually buy special plugs made just for the job! You can also try using different fillers as an alternative. Either way, you’ll be able to hide those pocket holes in no time.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Using Pocket Hole Plugs

  1. Purchase a pack of wooden pocket hole plugs. Pocket hole plugs are basically pre-cut wooden dowels with 1 flat end and 1 angle-cut end. They will fit into your pocket holes straight out of the pack. Order pocket hole plugs online or purchase them at a home improvement center or hardware store.[1] wooden dowel. Just cut a piece of dowel into plugs that are slightly longer than the depth of your pocket holes. It’s not necessary to cut an angle at 1 end of the plugs, since you will be cutting them flush at the end anyways.}}
    Cover Pocket Holes Step 1.jpg
    • You can find pocket hole plugs in different common types of woods, such as pine and oak.
    • Pocket hole plugs typically come in packs of 50-100 that cost around $10 USD.
  2. Squeeze a dab of wood glue into each pocket hole. Insert the nozzle of a bottle of wood glue into 1 of the pocket holes and give the bottle a light squeeze until a dab of glue about the size of a pea enters the hole. Repeat this for each pocket hole.[2]
    Cover Pocket Holes Step 2.jpg
    • The wood glue will ensure a tight fit and keep the plugs securely in the holes.
  3. Insert a pocket hole plug, flat end first, into each pocket hole. Take a pocket hole plug out of the pack and push the flat-cut end of the plug into a pocket hole as far as it will go. Repeat this for each pocket hole.[3]
    Cover Pocket Holes Step 3.jpg
    • If you have a pocket hole jig, some jigs have a part that helps you push the plugs into the holes.
    • You can wipe away any glue that oozes out from the cracks between the plugs and the holes with a damp rag or you can wait until the end and sand the dried glue off, since you’ll be sanding everything smooth anyways.
  4. Let the glue dry for 30 minutes. Leave the plugs alone for the next 30 minutes or so, so the wood glue sets. The plugs will be securely in place after this.[4]
    Cover Pocket Holes Step 4.jpg
    • Wood glue cures fully in about 24 hours. However, it will be dry enough to proceed with the final steps after 30 minutes.
  5. Cut the plugs down to the surface of the wood using a flush cut saw. Hold the saw so the blade is flat against the flat surface of the wood. Place the teeth against a protruding pocket hole plug and saw off the protruding part, so the plug is flush with the wood surface. Repeat this for every plug.[5]
    Cover Pocket Holes Step 5.jpg
    • A flush cut saw is a double-edged saw that is made for cutting wooden dowels and other wood protrusions flush with a flat wood surface.
    • Be careful whenever you’re using a saw. Keep your fingers, hands, and other body parts away from the saw blade.
  6. Sand the plugs and the surrounding wood surface until they’re smooth. Manually sand the plugs and the wood surface or use an electric sander for faster results. Rub the sandpaper back and forth over the plugs and the surrounding wood until they feel like one uniformly smooth surface. Wipe the saw dust away with a rag when you’re done.[6]
    Cover Pocket Holes Step 6.jpg
    • If you already sanded your woodworking project, use the same grit of sandpaper that you last used for sanding on the plugs and the surrounding surface, so everything blends in. If you haven’t sanded everything yet, you can use something like a 120- or 180-grit sandpaper.

[Edit]Filling Holes with Putties

  1. Make a wood glue and sawdust paste to fill the holes for a natural wood look. Mix together wood glue and sawdust on a scrap piece of wood until it forms a paste. Use your fingers, a putty knife, or a scrap piece of wood to press the homemade wood filler into your pocket holes and let it dry for 30 minutes or so. Sand the filled holes flush with the surrounding surface.[7]
    Cover Pocket Holes Step 7.jpg
    • You can play with the ratio of sawdust to wood glue to find the right consistency. You’ll probably find that using slightly more sawdust than glue results in the best filler.
    • Use saw dust from the same type of wood as your woodworking project for the closest color match.
  2. Fill holes with wood putty for a close-matching, no-mix filler. Put wood putty on the edge of a putty knife and press it into the pocket holes.Scrape the edge of the putty knife over the filled holes to remove excess putty. Let the putty dry for 8 hours or longer, then sand it down to smooth it out and blend it into the surrounding wood surface.[8]
    Cover Pocket Holes Step 8.jpg
    • You can get different colors of wood putty, so choose a color that closely matches the color of the wood you are filling.
    • If you plan to stain the wood, choose a color of wood putty that is darker than the wood and more closely matches the shade of the stain you plan to use. You could also get a light-colored stainable wood filler that will absorb the color of whatever stain you use better than regular wood putty.
  3. Choose Bondo putty for a quicker-drying, smoother filler than wood putty. Mix the 2 parts of the Bondo together on a scrap piece of wood according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Use a putty knife to press the Bondo into the pocket holes, overfilling them slightly so you can sand the Bondo down. Wait at least 30 minutes for the Bondo to dry, then sand it down until it is smooth and flush with the surrounding wood.[9]
    Cover Pocket Holes Step 9.jpg
    • Bondo is a type of auto body filler and all-purpose putty. You can purchase a can of Bondo online, at a home improvement center, or at an auto supply shop for about $15 USD.
    • Using Bondo will result in an ultra-smooth finish. However, it will not absorb wood stain. You can, however, paint over Bondo putty.

[Edit]Tips

  • The best way to fill pocket holes is with pocket hole plugs or wood dowels. This will result in a natural wood plug that looks and feels very similar to the surrounding wood surface and will accept whatever stain or finishing coat you want to use on your woodworking project.
  • Using some kind of glue- or putty-based filler is an easy alternative to using wooden plugs that requires slightly less work, but it will not match the surrounding wood surface as closely and may not accept all stains and finishes.
  • You can cut your own pocket hole plugs out of wooden dowel. You don’t have to make an angled cut at one end like the store-bought plugs have. Doing so will just create more work for you and won’t affect how you plug the holes.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Be careful when using a flush cut saw. Keep your fingers, hands, and other body parts out of the way of the saw blade at all times.
  • The angle-cut ends of store-bought pocket hole plugs are pointy, so be careful not to poke your fingers when you push the plugs into the pocket holes. You can always wear work gloves to protect your fingertips or use a pocket hole jig to push them in.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Plugging Holes with Pocket Hole Plugs

  • Pocket hole plugs
  • Wood glue
  • Flush cut saw
  • Sandpaper

[Edit]Using Different Fillers

  • Wood glue (optional)
  • Sawdust (optional)
  • Scrap piece of wood (optional)
  • Putty knife (optional)
  • Wood putty (optional)
  • Bondo putty (optional)

[Edit]References

]]>
Mon, 06 Jul 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Protect Yourself from Air Pollution https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Protect-Yourself-from-Air-Pollution https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Protect-Yourself-from-Air-Pollution The World Health Organization has named air pollution as the world’s largest environmental health risk. The first step in reducing its effects on your body is to educate yourself about the risks of air pollution in your area. Then, you can change your activities to reduce the effect of pollution on your body. Once you have made these adjustments, you can start changing your diet to ensure your body repairs itself and prevents free-radical damage from air pollution.

The World Health Organization has named air pollution as the world’s largest environmental health risk.[1] The first step in reducing its effects on your body is to educate yourself about the risks of air pollution in your area. Then, you can change your activities to reduce the effect of pollution on your body. Once you have made these adjustments, you can start changing your diet to ensure your body repairs itself and prevents free-radical damage from air pollution.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Taking Proper Precautions

  1. Read the daily forecast to see what air pollution forecasts look like. Check online to see what the air quality levels are, which indicate if air pollution is good or bad. Depending on the result, you can plan your schedule ahead of time by spending more time indoors.[2] Note that air quality is measured by Air Quality Index (AQI), which tells you how many polluted air particles there are in the air around you.[3]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • For reference, 0 to 50 AQI is considered good quality, while 51 to 150 means that people with breathing problems, like asthma, may have a tougher time. Any air with an AQI over 151 is unhealthy and shouldn’t be breathed in, if possible.
    • You can check your area’s air quality here: https://www.airnow.gov.
  2. Close your doors and windows when the AQI is over 151. Check around your home and make sure your home is sealed off. Turn on fans or use an air conditioner to stay cool instead of breathing in fresh air.[4]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 2 Version 3.jpg
    • Try to get in the habit of checking your air quality levels before opening any doors or windows.
  3. Recirculate the air in your car while you drive. Look on your control panel for the recirculate button, which prevents outside air from cycling through your vehicle. Use this button on days where the air quality is bad, or if you’re stuck behind a vehicle with bad emissions.[5]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 3 Version 3.jpg
    • Double-check your car’s user manual if you aren’t sure where to find the recirculation button.
  4. Wear a mask that filters out most bad air particles. Shop online for masks with an N95 or FFP3 rating, which will protect you from breathing in polluted air. Put on 1 of these masks if you’re traveling in a busy area with bad air quality, or if your hometown has worse air quality than normal.[6]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 4 Version 3.jpg
    • You need to wear special masks to really reap the benefits. Regular face masks won’t block out as much polluted air.
  5. Take a shower after spending a lot of time outside. Remove your dirty clothes after you’ve spent some time outside, then pop into the shower to clean off any particulates that might be stuck to your skin. Once you’re clean, change into a fresh set of clothes. Try to get in the habit of showering whenever you spend a lot of time in low quality air, especially if you’re traveling.[7]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 5 Version 3.jpg
    • If you don’t want to take a shower, at least wash your face after coming inside.[8]
  6. Travel to work a bit earlier so you aren’t exposed to as much exhaust. Set your alarm 30-60 minutes earlier so you can hit the road before rush hour. This is a good option if you work near a city, or if you live in an area with consistently high AQI.[9]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 6 Version 3.jpg
    • Your adjusted routine will depend on the length of your commute overall.
  7. Switch to a healthy diet so you aren’t as vulnerable. Add lots of fresh fruits and vegetables to your diet, along with whole grains and lean meats. Keep yourself healthy so you won’t be as likely to be negatively affected by air pollution. Talk to your doctor if you’re worried that you may be at a higher risk of developing a disease due to air pollution.[10]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 7 Version 3.jpg
    • People who are at-risk for heart disease may be more vulnerable to the negative effects of air pollution.

[Edit]Making Household Adjustments

  1. Replace your air conditioner filters regularly so your air stays clean and fresh. Check your filters on a monthly or bi-monthly basis to see if they need to be cleaned or replaced. Note that your filter may be in your basement, ceiling, or furnace, depending on what kind of air conditioner that you have. If your home is dusty or you have a lot of pets around, you may need to replace or clean your filters more frequently.[11]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 8 Version 3.jpg
    • When your air conditioner is dusty, it won’t work as well.
  2. Clean off any mold and mildew in your home. Look around damp areas of your home, like the bathroom or kitchen, for mold. Stir a spoonful of cleaning detergent into a bucket of warm water and scrub away any visible mildew or mold.[12] Always wear rubber gloves and a respirator when cleaning mold so you don’t breathe it in by accident.[13]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 9 Version 3.jpg
    • If you’re working with harsher chemicals, use gloves made with nitrile, polyurethane, or PVC instead.
    • If you think your air conditioning system is filled with mold, contact a professional to clean it out.[14]
  3. Open your windows when air quality is good. Check your area’s AQI to see if the air around your home is clean or dirty. If the air outside is clean, go through your home and open up several windows so you have fresh air flowing in.[15]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 10 Version 3.jpg
    • Letting clean air into your home is a great way to boost the air quality overall.
  4. Place an air purifier in your home. Shop online or in a home improvement store for an air purifier that meets the needs of your home. These are especially useful if you live in a busy area with consistently high air pollution, like a city.[16]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 11 Version 3.jpg
    • Air purifiers are plug-in devices that help filter pollen and other bad particles out of the air.
  5. Vacuum your home weekly to prevent the spread of pollutants. Get in the habit of vacuuming on a regular basis, especially in the rooms and areas where you spend a lot of time. Set a time once a week to vacuum your home so dust and dirt doesn’t build up over time.[17]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 12 Version 3.jpg
  6. Opt for electric lawn equipment instead of gas-powered items. Look at your lawnmower and consider if it’s time for an upgrade. Visit your local hardware or home improvement store to find electric lawnmowers. You may want to switch to a handheld appliance if your lawn isn’t very demanding or difficult to take care of.[18]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 13 Version 3.jpg
    • Gas-powered lawnmowers pollute the air, which is especially bad if you’re mowing the lawn yourself.

[Edit]Getting Exercise Safely

  1. Exercise indoors if the air in your area has bad air quality. Look at the local AQI report and see if it’s safe to exercise inside, or if you’d be better off working out indoors. Protect yourself from bad air quality by basing yourself in a place with no fresh air, like an air-conditioned living room or gym.[19]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 14 Version 3.jpg
    • Look for local gym memberships in your area! These can help you limit your exposure to polluted air.
  2. Workout in outdoor places without a lot of commercial traffic. Search your local area for backroads and other less-traveled streets. Go for a bike ride or jog on a street without as many cars passing by, so you aren’t as likely to breathe in polluted air.[20]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 15 Version 3.jpg
    • If you’re an avid biker or runner, try redirecting your route through local neighborhoods. These will be less polluted than a highway or other busy road.
  3. Opt for a less intense form of exercise. Settle for a power walk, slow bike ride, or other form of exercise that doesn’t get your blood pumping to the max during your outdoor exercise. You may also want to break your exercise into smaller chunks so you aren’t breathing in as much polluted air at one time.[21]
    Protect Yourself from Air Pollution Step 16 Version 3.jpg
    • For instance, you can go for a 20-minute power walk outside and then exercise for 10 minutes indoors.
    • If your workout is less intense, you won’t be as out of breath or breathing as much polluted air.

[Edit]Tips

  • Petition your local schools to ban school bus idling.[22]
  • Keep your inhaler with you constantly if you have one.[23]
  • Join public campaigns to prevent air pollution.[24]
  • Only visit stores and restaurants that are listed as tobacco-free.[25]
  • Shut off your lights and appliances when you’re not using them. Get in the habit of switching off the lights and unplugging your appliances whenever you aren’t using them. Keep in mind that electricity contributes to air pollution—by lowering your electricity usage, you’re actually lowering the amount of air pollution.[26]

[Edit]Warnings

  • Refrain from burning any trash and firewood, as this can contribute to air pollution.[27]

[Edit]References

  1. https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/ten-threats-to-global-health-in-2019
  2. https://www.lung.org/clean-air/outdoors/10-tips-to-protect-yourself
  3. https://www.airnow.gov/aqi/aqi-basics/
  4. http://www.un.org.cn/uploads/20180326/a2d98aec01253e1817bbfff581697afc.pdf
  5. https://scopeblog.stanford.edu/2020/02/07/poor-air-quality-affects-everybody-how-to-protect-yourself-and-clean-the-air/
  6. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/21/travel/air-pollution-face-masks-aqi.html
  7. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/21/travel/air-pollution-face-masks-aqi.html
  8. http://www.un.org.cn/uploads/20180326/a2d98aec01253e1817bbfff581697afc.pdf
  9. https://www.blf.org.uk/support-for-you/air-pollution/tips
  10. https://www.consumerreports.org/health-wellness/avoid-the-negative-health-effects-of-air-pollution/
  11. https://www.energy.gov/energysaver/maintaining-your-air-conditioner
  12. https://www.epa.gov/mold/mold-cleanup-your-home
  13. https://www.epa.gov/mold/brief-guide-mold-moisture-and-your-home#tab-4
  14. https://www.epa.gov/mold/mold-cleanup-your-home
  15. https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/improving-indoor-air-quality
  16. https://www.consumerreports.org/health-wellness/avoid-the-negative-health-effects-of-air-pollution/
  17. http://www.un.org.cn/uploads/20180326/a2d98aec01253e1817bbfff581697afc.pdf
  18. https://www.lung.org/clean-air/outdoors/10-tips-to-protect-yourself
  19. https://www.nrdc.org/stories/how-protect-yourself-outdoor-air-pollutants
  20. https://www.blf.org.uk/support-for-you/air-pollution/tips
  21. https://www.cdc.gov/air/infographics/protect-yourself-from-air-pollution-during-physical-activity.htm
  22. https://www.lung.org/clean-air/outdoors/10-tips-to-protect-yourself
  23. https://www.cdc.gov/air/infographics/protect-yourself-from-air-pollution-during-physical-activity.htm
  24. https://www.lung.org/policy-advocacy/healthy-air-campaign
  25. https://www.lung.org/clean-air/outdoors/10-tips-to-protect-yourself
  26. https://www.epa.gov/p2/pollution-prevention-tips-energy-efficiency
  27. https://www.lung.org/clean-air/outdoors/10-tips-to-protect-yourself
]]>
Mon, 06 Jul 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Store Sweet Potato Pie https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Store-Sweet-Potato-Pie https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Store-Sweet-Potato-Pie Sweet potato pie is a classic southern dessert that’s naturally sweeter than pumpkin pie. While your pie may go bad if you leave it at room temperature, it will keep if you chill it. If you want to save some slices for later, put the pie in your fridge. Otherwise, you can freeze the pie if you want to store it long term. As long as you wrap and cover the pie, you’ll be able to enjoy your pie up to a month after you make it!

Sweet potato pie is a classic southern dessert that’s naturally sweeter than pumpkin pie. While your pie may go bad if you leave it at room temperature, it will keep if you chill it. If you want to save some slices for later, put the pie in your fridge. Otherwise, you can freeze the pie if you want to store it long term. As long as you wrap and cover the pie, you’ll be able to enjoy your pie up to a month after you make it!

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Refrigerating Sweet Potato Pie

  1. Leave the pie on a wire rack to cool. You can set the entire pie pan on the wire rack so air circulates around it. Keep the pie uncovered and let it cool off completely. Once the pie stops steaming, then it’s safe to put away.[1]
    Store Sweet Potato Pie Step 1.jpg
    • It’s okay to eat your pie while it’s still hot and fresh. Just allow it to cool completely before storing it.
    • Avoid putting a hot pie directly in the fridge since it could crack the top or create condensation that affects the texture.
  2. Cover the pie pan with aluminum foil or plastic wrap. Rip off a piece of plastic wrap or aluminum foil that’s large enough to wrap around the pie pan. Stretch the wrap or foil tight over the top of the pan and press down around the edges firmly.[2]

    • If 1 piece of plastic wrap or foil isn’t large enough, overlap another piece by at least .
  3. Store the pie in your fridge for up to 3–4 days. Make space in your fridge for the pie pan and avoid stacking anything on top of it, or else you’ll ruin the top of your pie. After 3–4 days, get rid of any pie that you still have left since it’s more likely to develop bacteria or go bad.[3]

    • You can enjoy your leftover pie chilled or heat it up in your microwave if you prefer it warm.

[Edit]Freezing the Pie

  1. Let the pie cool completely on a wire rack. If you just baked a fresh sweet potato pie, avoid putting it directly in the freezer. Instead, set the pan on a wire rack and leave it alone to cool off. Once the pie stops steaming and feels cool to the touch, you can store it.[4]
    Store Sweet Potato Pie Step 4.jpg
    • Condensation can form on the top of a hot pie if you put it in your freezer and ruin the texture.
  2. Wrap the pie pan in plastic wrap to make it air-tight. Check that the pie pan is freezer-safe before wrapping it. Rip off a large piece of plastic cling wrap and stretch it over the top of the pie pan. Pull the plastic wrap tight to completely seal the pan. If you can’t wrap the entire pan, use another piece of plastic wrap and overlap the layers by about .[5]

    • If you don’t have a freezer-safe pie pan, cut the pie into slices and arrange them in a single layer in a resealable container.
  3. Put a layer of foil around the outside of the pie pan. Aluminum foil adds an additional layer of protection on the outside of the pie pan. Tear off a piece of aluminum foil large enough and set it on top of your pie. Fold the edges of the foil around the pan until you completely wrap it up. Press the foil down tight to help keep it airtight.[6]

    • Be careful not to rip through the plastic wrap when you’re putting on foil, or else you’ll have to unwrap the pie and start over.
  4. Keep the pie in the freezer for up to 1 month. Make shelf space for your pie and set the wrapped pan inside. Avoid stacking anything on top of your pie since you could ruin the top or tear through the plastic wrap. You can leave your pie in the freezer for up to 1 month before taking it out.[7]

    Store Sweet Potato Pie Step 7.jpg
    • Freezing pies works great if you want to prepare for meals or holidays ahead of time so you don’t stress about it later.
  5. Thaw the pie in your fridge overnight before serving it. The day before you want to eat your pie, move it into your fridge and keep it wrapped. Leave the pie overnight so it slowly thaws out again. After that, you can enjoy your pie chilled or warm it in your microwave first.[8]
    Store Sweet Potato Pie Step 8.jpg
    • Avoid leaving your pie at room temperature to thaw since it could develop bacteria.

[Edit]Tips

  • Try serving your pie with whipped cream, toasted almonds, or coconut to enhance the flavor even more.[9]

[Edit]Warnings

  • Avoid leaving the pie at room temperature since it could easily develop mold or bacteria.[10]

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Refrigerating Sweet Potato Pie

  • Wire rack
  • Plastic wrap or aluminum foil
  • Refrigerator

[Edit]Freezing the Pie

  • Wire rack
  • Plastic wrap
  • Aluminum foil
  • Freezer

[Edit]References

]]>
Mon, 06 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Make Buttermilk Pancakes https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-Buttermilk-Pancakes https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-Buttermilk-Pancakes Fluffy buttermilk pancakes are a staple at any good diner, but they're also easy to whip up at home! To get pancakes that are light and puffy, use baking soda and baking powder that hasn't expired so it reacts properly with the buttermilk. Once you've made a golden short stack, serve your pancakes with softened butter and lots of syrup.

Fluffy buttermilk pancakes are a staple at any good diner, but they're also easy to whip up at home! To get pancakes that are light and puffy, use baking soda and baking powder that hasn't expired so it reacts properly with the buttermilk. Once you've made a golden short stack, serve your pancakes with softened butter and lots of syrup.

[Edit]Ingredients

[Edit]Basic Buttermilk Pancakes

  • 1⅓ cups (160 g) of all-purpose flour
  • 3 tablespoons (36 g) of sugar
  • 1 teaspoon (4 g) of baking powder
  • 1 teaspoon (4 g) of baking soda
  • 1 teaspoon (5.5 g) of kosher salt
  • 2 large eggs
  • of buttermilk
  • 2 tablespoons (28 g) of butter, melted
  • of vanilla or almond extract, optional
  • Vegetable oil, for the griddle
  • Maple syrup, for serving

Makes about 8 to 10 pancakes

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Basic Buttermilk Pancakes

  1. Whisk the flour, sugar, baking powder, baking soda, and salt in a bowl. Set a large mixing bowl on your work surface and put in 1⅓ cups (160 g) of all-purpose flour. Add 3 tablespoons (36 g) of sugar, 1 teaspoon (4 g) of baking powder, 1 teaspoon (4 g) of baking soda, and 1 teaspoon (5.5 g) of kosher salt. Then, whisk the dry ingredients for about 10 seconds and set it aside.[1]
    Make Buttermilk Pancakes Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • If you want to make whole-wheat buttermilk pancakes, use 1 cup (120 g) of all-purpose flour and 1/3 cup (40 g) of whole-wheat flour.
  2. Mix the eggs, buttermilk, melted butter, and extract in another bowl. Crack 2 large eggs into a medium-sized mixing bowl and pour in of buttermilk along with 2 tablespoons (28 g) of melted butter. If you want to add a subtle flavor, pour in of vanilla or almond extract. Whisk the wet mixture until the eggs are incorporated.[2] of milk into a measuring jug and stir in of vinegar or lemon juice. Leave the mixture at room temperature for 5 to 10 minutes. Then, stir it well and use it in your recipe.}}

    • If you don't have butter, substitute melted margarine, coconut oil, or vegetable oil.
  3. Whisk the wet ingredients into the dry ingredients until they're combined. Slowly pour the wet mixture into the bowl with the dry ingredients. Whisk the batter until the flour is absorbed, but don't overbeat it or your pancakes will turn out tough.[3]

    • Stop mixing as soon as the flour is incorporated so you don't overmix the batter. It's fine if the batter has a few tiny lumps.
  4. Grease a skillet or griddle with oil and turn the heat to medium. Drizzle about of vegetable oil over the bottom of a skillet or griddle. Then, turn the burner to medium and leave the skillet or griddle to heat up before you add pancake batter. To test if your pan is ready, dip your fingers in water and flick them onto the pan. The water should sizzle and evaporate immediately. [4]

    • Don't use butter to grease your pan since it's more likely to burn.
  5. Spoon 1/3 cup (120 g) of batter into the pan for each pancake. Once your skillet or griddle is hot, scoop the buttermilk batter onto the pan. In general, use around 1/3 cup (120 g) of batter for pancakes that are about wide. If you want to change the size, add more or less batter. Just leave at least of space between each pancake so they have room to cook.[5]

    • If you're using a skillet, you might be able to fit only 1 or 2 pancakes at a time. If you're cooking them on a griddle, you can usually get about 6 pancakes at a time.
  6. Cook the pancakes for 3 minutes so they begin to bubble. Watch the surface of the pancakes and look for bubbles to form. These mean that the bottom of the pancakes are cooking.[6]

    • Avoid flipping them to check how they're cooking since you'll end up with a gooey mess!
  7. Flip the pancakes and cook them for 2 more minutes. Use a sturdy flat spatula that's at least half as wide as your pancakes. When the bubbles pop, quickly slide the spatula under a pancake and flip it over. Then, leave the pancakes alone as they cook on the other side. They're finished when both sides are golden brown.[7]

    • Adjust the burner if you notice the pancakes are getting too dark too quickly. If they're taking too long to cook, you may need to turn the heat up.
  8. Serve the pancakes with butter and maple syrup. Transfer the pancakes to serving plates and keep cooking the pancakes in batches. Spread softened butter over your short stack and drizzle it with maple or pancake syrup.[8]

    • To store leftover pancakes, cool them completely and put them in an airtight container. Refrigerate the buttermilk pancakes for up to 1 day.

[Edit]Mix-Ins and Toppings

  1. Add berries to the pancakes before you flip them if you want a fruity treat. It's easy to make blueberry buttermilk pancakes. Just sprinkle a few spoonfuls of fresh or frozen berries onto the tops of the pancakes after you pour the batter in your pan. You could also scatter fresh fruit over the cooked pancakes. For a fruity change, try any of these in your pancakes:[9]
    Make Buttermilk Pancakes Step 9.jpg
    • Raspberries
    • Chopped strawberries
    • Blackberries
    • Diced peaches or mango
  2. Put cocoa powder in the batter or add chocolate chips for decadent pancakes. To make rich chocolate buttermilk pancakes, remove 1/4 cup (30 g) of the flour and replace it with 1/4 cup (30 g) of unsweetened cocoa powder when you make the batter. You'll also need to add an extra 1 tablespoon (12 g) of sugar. To make chocolate pancakes that are over-the-top, mix 1/2 cup (90 g) of chocolate chips into the batter.[10]
    Make Buttermilk Pancakes Step 10.jpg
    • Use your favorite type of chocolate chips. You could use semisweet, milk chocolate, or white chocolate, for instance.
  3. Stir 1/2 cup (50 g) of chopped mixed nuts into the batter for extra crunch. If you want to add some texture and protein to your buttermilk pancakes, stir some nuts into the batter before you cook them. The nuts pair really well with maple syrup. If you don't have mixed nuts, use any of these:[11]
    Make Buttermilk Pancakes Step 11.jpg
    • Almonds
    • Hazelnuts
    • Walnuts
    • Pecans
  4. Mix 2 teaspoons (4 g) of spices into the pancakes to customize the flavor. Add a touch of pumpkin spice or gingerbread flavor to your buttermilk pancakes. Just stir 2 teaspoons (4 g) of pumpkin spice, mixed spice, or apple pie spice to your batter before cooking the pancakes.[12]
    Make Buttermilk Pancakes Step 12.jpg
    • If you don't have pre-mixed spices, use try 1 teaspoon (2 g) of cinnamon with 1/2 teaspoon (1 g) of ground ginger and 1/2 teaspoon (1 g) of nutmeg.
  5. Garnish the pancakes with chocolate sauce and whipped cream to make dessert. To make fancy buttermilk pancakes that are perfect for dessert, spoon chocolate sauce over them. Then, squirt a little whipped cream on top just before serving.[13]

    • For an extra special dessert, set out sprinkles, maraschino cherries, and chopped nuts. Then, let people prepare their own special buttermilk pancakes.
  6. Serve the buttermilk pancakes with fried eggs and sausage for a savory meal. Buttermilk pancakes don't have to be sweet! You can easily cook a couple of eggs to go with the pancakes or fry diced bacon or sausage in the skillet before pouring pancake batter onto it. This is a great option if you want meat inside the fluffy pancakes.[14]
    Make Buttermilk Pancakes Step 14.jpg
    • Garnish your savory pancake breakfast with shredded cheese, sliced avocado, or freshly chopped herbs.

[Edit]Tips

  • Double the ingredients if you'd like to make a large batch of pancakes.
  • It's easy to freeze a batch of pancakes. Store them in an airtight container in the freezer for up to 2 months. To defrost them, heat a few in your toaster or microwave.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

  • Measuring cups and spoons
  • Mixing bowl
  • Whisk
  • Spoon
  • Spatula
  • Griddle or skillet
  • Serving plate

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Sun, 05 Jul 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Take-a-Selfie-Without-Holding-the-Phone https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Take-a-Selfie-Without-Holding-the-Phone The classic selfie pose involves holding your phone in front of your face and smiling as you snap your picture. The problem with this pose is that your arm might be included in your photo, creating an awkward-looking picture without much of the background in it. If you want to up your selfie game and try taking a picture without holding your phone, you can use the self-timer or a selfie stick to take better selfies with more natural looking poses.

The classic selfie pose involves holding your phone in front of your face and smiling as you snap your picture. The problem with this pose is that your arm might be included in your photo, creating an awkward-looking picture without much of the background in it. If you want to up your selfie game and try taking a picture without holding your phone, you can use the self-timer or a selfie stick to take better selfies with more natural looking poses.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Using a Self-Timer

  1. Place your phone on a steady surface with the front camera facing you. Choose a surface that is about eye-level, like a shelf or a chair. Set your phone with the front facing camera towards you on this surface and make sure it is standing completely upright.[1]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 1.jpg
    • If your phone is tilted forwards or backwards at all, it could throw off the depth of your selfie and make your face look distorted.
    • You can set your phone on its side for a landscape selfie or keep it upright for a portrait selfie.
  2. Adjust the lighting and make sure you are in focus. Open your camera app and spend a few minutes adjusting the exposure and focus of your frame. Make sure that the area you will be standing for the photo is in focus.[2]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 2.jpg
    • Avoid standing in front of a light source so that you don’t look washed out.
  3. Set your timer to go off in 10 seconds. Click the option for your self-timer and choose the longest option, which is usually 10 seconds. This gives you a chance to move into position and adjust yourself before the timer goes off.[3]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 3.jpg
    • Depending on the phone you have, you may be able to set a timer for even longer.
  4. Click the photo button and quickly move to your selfie position. Keep an eye on the countdown display of your phone to figure out when your timer will go off. Move into the position that you’d like to take your picture in as quick as you can.[4]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 4.jpg
    • Make sure you aren’t moving when your camera goes off, or your picture will probably come out blurry.
  5. Look at the camera, not the screen. As you wait for your timer to go off, make sure you are looking into the lens of the camera, not at your phone screen. This will make your picture seem more natural and not like you are looking at something behind or next to your phone.[5]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 5.jpg
    • You can look at your phone screen as you adjust your selfie position, but be sure to move your eyes back to the lens before the timer goes off.
  6. Check out your picture to see if you want to redo it. If you do, simply reset your timer and change your phone’s position or your own pose. Make sure you keep your phone at about eye-level for the best picture.[6]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 6.jpg
    • Some phones take timed pictures in “bursts,” which means they take about 10 photos all at once. If your phone has this option, you can pick and choose which photos to keep and which ones to delete.

[Edit]Holding a Selfie Stick

  1. Plug your phone into the selfie stick with the headphone jack cord. Most selfie sticks attach to your phone with a simple cord. Plug this cord into your headphone jack and make sure it is secure.[7]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 7.jpg
    • Some selfie sticks connect to the Bluetooth on your phone. If yours does, turn on the Bluetooth function on your selfie stick and pair it with your phone in your Bluetooth settings.
  2. Clip your phone into either side of the selfie stick. Take your phone and position it in the clips at the top of the selfie stick. Make sure your phone is snug in between the clips so that it doesn’t fall out.[8]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 8.jpg
    • Some selfie sticks have detachable clips. If yours does, secure the clips around your phone and then attach the clips onto the top of your selfie stick by screwing them into place.
  3. Hold the selfie stick by the handle and extend it fully. Grab onto the bottom of the selfie stick and pull the top outwards until the stick is fully extended. Make sure your phone is secure in the clips before lifting it in the air.[9]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 9.jpg
    • Make sure your selfie stick locks into position so that it will keep steady as you take your selfie.
  4. Angle your arm so that the selfie stick isn’t in the picture. Hold the selfie stick by the handle and put your phone up in the air. Watch the front facing camera on your phone screen to see how your picture will look. Make sure your arm and the selfie stick aren’t in the frame of your photo.[10]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 10.jpg
  5. Click the button on the selfie stick to take a photo. Find the button on the handle of your selfie stick and click it when you want to take your selfie. Click the button a few times in a row to take a couple of pictures so you have some variety to choose from.[11]
    Take a Selfie Without Holding the Phone Step 11.jpg
    • Some selfie sticks have Bluetooth remotes that pair with your phone. If yours does, click the button on the remote to take a photo.

[Edit]Tips

  • You can also ask your friend or a stranger to take a photo of you instead!

[Edit]References

]]>
Sun, 05 Jul 2020 08:00:00 GMT
How to Cook BBQ Ribs https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Cook-BBQ-Ribs https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Cook-BBQ-Ribs While barbecue ribs are especially popular in the American south, their appeal for meat-lovers is universal. Succulent, spicy, and smoky, barbecue ribs are surprisingly easy to cook. Learn how to make some lip-smacking barbecue in the following tutorial.

While barbecue ribs are especially popular in the American south, their appeal for meat-lovers is universal. Succulent, spicy, and smoky, barbecue ribs are surprisingly easy to cook. Learn how to make some lip-smacking barbecue in the following tutorial.

[Edit]Steps

  1. Choose which cut of ribs you want. barbecue ribs essentially come in two varieties. Spare ribs are fattier and take longer to cook. Baby back ribs are leaner and cook faster.

  2. Make the rub. The rub is a spice mixture that you rub on the rib rack to give it flavor. A typical rub for a 2 lb rack of ribs might consist of:

    • 1 tablespoon (5 ml) cumin
    • 1 tablespoon (15 ml) paprika
    • 1 tablespoon (15 ml) garlic powder
    • 1 tablespoon (15 ml) onion powder
    • 1 tablespoon (15 ml) chili powder
    • 1 tablespoon (15 ml) brown sugar
    • 2 tablespoons (30 ml) kosher salt
    • 1 teaspoon (5 ml) cayenne pepper
    • 1 teaspoon (5 ml) black pepper
    • 1 teaspoon (5 ml) white pepper
  3. Make the mop (optional). A mop or baste is the liquid sauce that you coat the ribs with to keep them juicy and flavorful while they are cooking. Some people prefer dry ribs, without a mop.

  4. Trim the ribs and apply the rub. Ribs will usually come with a large membrane on the back, non-meat side of the rack. Most people trim the membrane and discard it because it is hard to chew and prevents the rub from covering the entire rack. Coat the ribs evenly with olive oil or vegetable oil (optional). Apply the rub generously onto the meat so that the front and back of the rack are completely covered.

  5. For spare ribs, place the ribs on a covered barbecue grill at 225° F (107° C) for 5-6 hours. For baby back ribs, cook at the same temperature for 3-4 hours. Place the ribs on the grill so that they are not directly over the heat source.

  6. If desired, apply the mop every 45 minutes evenly across the ribs.

  7. When the meat in the center of the ribs is white and the juices run clear, not pink, the cooking is done.

[Edit]Video

In this video, Gwen Schoen of the Sacramento Bee educates us about different kinds of ribs and shows us how to barbecue spare ribs with a dry rub.

[Edit]Tips

  • BBQ ribs can be smoked in a smoker instead of being grilled. Cooks frequently use hickory and/or applewood chips in the smoker. The temperature in the smoker and the cooking time for the ribs are the same as when they are grilled.
  • Right before serving, stoke the fire or turn up the heat on your grill and place the ribs over direct flame for a few minutes.This will give the ribs a deeper color and more pronounced grill marks.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Make sure your ribs are fully grilled. Undercooked pork may result in trichinosis. The recommended internal temperature for cooked pork is 160° F (71° C), a metric set by the CDC.

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Sun, 05 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
How to Do Fourth of July Nails https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Do-Fourth-of-July-Nails https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Do-Fourth-of-July-Nails On the Fourth of July, you want your patriotism to shine all the way down to the tips of your fingers! For the best Independence Day nail look, you can choose between stars and stripes, polka dots, and glitter to reflect your natural style and spirit. Experiment and let your creativity run wild for a unique look that’s all-American and all you!

On the Fourth of July, you want your patriotism to shine all the way down to the tips of your fingers! For the best Independence Day nail look, you can choose between stars and stripes, polka dots, and glitter to reflect your natural style and spirit. Experiment and let your creativity run wild for a unique look that’s all-American and all you!

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Painting Basic Stars and Stripes

  1. Apply a clear base and let it dry. A base coat of clear polish will protect your nails and help the colored polish stick. Apply it to all of your nails and let it dry before moving on.

  2. Paint your nails white, then let them dry. For a faster drying time, paint one thin layer of white polish, let it dry, then apply the second. Allow both coats to dry fully before moving on.[1]

  3. Paint 4-5 thin red lines on each nail with a striper. Place a strip of clear tape right under your cuticle. Then, using a nail striper and red polish, paint from just past the edge of your cuticle all the way up to the tip of your nail to create a thin, smooth line. Make 4-5 lines across the nail, spacing them equally as best you can.[2]

    • Repeat on the nails you’re painting, then let the stripes dry for about 15 minutes before moving on.
    • If you don’t have a striper, you can make your own or use a toothpick. You can also buy a striper online or in beauty stores.
  4. Create a thicker horizontal blue line across the top of the nail. Use a regular nail polish brush to dab a blue line across the top half of your nail. Start from about the middle of your nail and use short strokes towards the tip to make a straight blue line.[3]

    • If you want your line to be perfectly straight, place a piece of scotch tape over the lower half of your nail and paint from the edge up to the nail’s tip.
    • Repeat on all your stars and stripes nails and let them dry for 15 minutes.
  5. Place 5-8 white dots across the blue with a dotting tool. Dip a small dotting tool into your white nail polish and use it to carefully dot the blue of your flag. You can add as many dots as you want, but 5-8 placed in a scattered, random formation tends to look best.[4]

    • Let the dots dry for 10 minutes on each nail.
    • If you don’t have a dotting tool, you can use a toothpick or the tip of a Q-tip. To buy a dotting tool, look in beauty stores and online.
  6. Paint a flag on all your nails or just 2 for an accent. You can paint this busier pattern onto your thumb and ring finger, then fill out the rest of your nails with a solid blue or cherry red for a trendy, eye-catching look. You can also apply the flag design to all your fingers for a more uniform style.

  7. Apply a top coat to finish. After your flag nails have dried, paint on a clear topcoat to seal the design and prevent it from chipping. Remember to wait until your nails are completely dry to avoid messing up your design.[5]

  8. Buy a nail sticker kit for an easier application. Most Fourth of July nails require some time and effort, including applying different coats and using a few different tools, like a striper and dotting tool. If you don’t have the time or the tools, use a Fourth of July nail sticker kit for a cute but lower-effort look.
    Do Fourth of July Nails Step 8.jpg
    • With a nail kit, you’ll paint one solid color and stick patriotic stickers on top. Many kits come with simple stars and stripes as well as “USA” stickers and other patriotic designs.
    • You can buy a kit online or at craft and beauty stores.
    • Follow the instructions in the kit to apply and remove your nail stickers.

[Edit]Making Red, White, and Blue Polka Dots

  1. Apply a clear base and let it dry. A base coat of clear polish will protect your nails and help the colored polish stick. Apply it to all of your nails and let it dry before moving on.

  2. Apply a white polish to start your design. Paint the white in 2 thin coats to help it dry more quickly. Then, let the polish harden and dry for 15 minutes or so before going on to your polka dots.[6]

  3. Add different-sized red dots to your nail with a dotting tool. Starting with a large-sized dotting tool, place 2-3 red dots in the lower, cuticle portion of your nail. Switch to a medium size to add 3-4 dots towards the middle of your nail, then use a small dotting tool and put 4-5 dots in the top portion. Leave a strip of white at the top to create a tapering effect.[7]

    • Continue adding red dots on each of your nails and allow them to dry for about 10 minutes. You can add dots to all your nails, or just to your ring finger and thumb for a bubbly accent.
    • You’ll be using your dotting tools with different colors, so clean them as per their package instructions before moving on.
    • If you don’t have a dotting tool, you can use a toothpick or the tip of a Q-tip. To buy a dotting tool, look in beauty stores and online.
  4. Use blue and silver polishes to add more polka dots. Use the same dotting process with a royal blue color on each nail, then switch to silver. Allow some of your dots to overlap to create depth, going for a natural, scattered look.[8]

    • Let the dots dry for about 10 minutes in between colors.
  5. Apply a top coat to finish. After your dots have dried, paint on a clear topcoat to seal the design and prevent it from chipping. If you’re applying the polka dots as an accent, wait for the topcoat to dry before painting the rest of your nails bright red or royal blue.[9]

[Edit]Creating Patriotic Glitter Nails

  1. Apply a clear base and let it dry. A base coat of clear polish will protect your nails and help the colored polish stick. Apply it to all of your nails and let it dry before moving on.

  2. Paint on a metallic silver polish. After your clear base coat dries, apply 2 thin layers of metallic silver, giving them time to dry in between. Let the polish harden for about 15 minutes before moving on.[10]

    • This Fourth of July nail art looks best with all fingers, rather than mixing with solids as an accent.
  3. Apply a red glitter polish from your cuticle to halfway up the nail. Using a regular nail polish brush, paint a coat of dark red glitter onto the lower half of your nail. Start with short, careful upwards strokes from the cuticle to midway up the nail, then neaten the edge of the layer by painting horizontally.[11]

    • Repeat on all your nails and let them dry for 10-15 minutes.
  4. Use a blue glitter polish on the top half of your nail. Using a regular nail polish brush, apply a dark or royal blue glitter polish from the tip of your nail to the middle, leaving a strip of silver just above the red. Repeat on the rest of your nails and let them dry for about 15 minutes.[12]

  5. Paint silver over the middle, overlapping with the red and blue. Reinforce the middle strip by covering it with silver glitter polish, using a nail striper for the best application. Paint horizontally right over the strip, then spread small, thin vertical strokes over the red and blue sections.[13]

    • Continue adding vertical silver stripes, stretching them almost to the tip and cuticle of the nail, until the transitions between colors start to look more seamless. Repeat on the rest of your nails.
    • If you don’t have a nail striper, use a toothpick to apply the silver.
  6. Blend the silver with small strokes of blue and red. Repeat this blending, striping process with the same red and blue glitter colors as before. Extend short strokes of red up into the silver, and paint stripes of blue downwards to subtly blend the colors.[14]

    • You don’t have to wait for the silver polish dry before adding the red and blue stripes. Applying them while the silver is wet will allow the colors to mix and create a smooth gradient.
    • Repeat on all of your nails. The finished look should have a natural fade from red to silver to blue.
    • Remember to clean your brush in between coats so you don’t mix colors.
  7. Let your nails dry and apply a clear topcoat. Let the glitter polish set and dry for 15-20 minutes. Then, apply a clear topcoat to seal and smooth out the design.[15]

[Edit]Tips

  • For a simpler, more subtle look, go with a solid coat of red or blue, or alternate red, white, and blue between fingers.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Basic Stars and Stripes

  • Nail sticker kit (optional)
  • Clear nail polish for base coat
  • White nail polish
  • Red nail polish
  • Blue nail polish
  • Nail striper or toothpick
  • Dotting tool or Q-tip
  • Scotch tape (optional)

[Edit]Red, White, and Blue Polka Dots

  • Clear nail polish for the base and topcoat
  • White nail polish
  • Red nail polish
  • Blue nail polish
  • Silver nail polish
  • Dotting tool or Q-tip

[Edit]Patriotic Glitter Nails

  • Clear nail polish for the base and topcoat
  • Metallic, glittery silver nail polish
  • Glittery red nail polish
  • Glittery blue nail polish
  • Silver glitter nail polish
  • Striping tool or toothpick

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Sat, 04 Jul 2020 16:00:00 GMT
How to Make 4th of July Strawberries https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-4th-of-July-Strawberries https://proeduco.com.pl/?diet=Make-4th-of-July-Strawberries Celebrate America’s Independence Day in style with these red, white, and blue strawberry treats! These berries will look and taste great at your July 4th picnic or BBQ. All you need to make them are large, quality strawberries, white chocolate chips, and blue sugar or sprinkles. Be sure to serve the strawberries within 2 hours of making them for the best results!

Celebrate America’s Independence Day in style with these red, white, and blue strawberry treats! These berries will look and taste great at your July 4th picnic or BBQ. All you need to make them are large, quality strawberries, white chocolate chips, and blue sugar or sprinkles. Be sure to serve the strawberries within 2 hours of making them for the best results!

[Edit]Ingredients

  • 24 fresh strawberries
  • of white chocolate chips
  • 2 tablespoons (28 grams) of blue baking sugar or sprinkles

Makes 24 servings

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Cleaning the Strawberries

  1. Select 24 large and ripe strawberries. Go for the largest and reddest berries you can find so that you'll have plenty of space to work with. Try to avoid using strawberries that have a lot of purple or green color in them, since you're aiming for a specific red, white, and blue color scheme.[1]
    Make 4th of July Strawberries Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • Leave the strawberries whole, including their green tops, so that you have something to hold onto when you're dipping and eating them.
  2. Rinse the strawberries under cool water to remove dirt and debris. Put the berries in a colander or hold them in your hands. Then, run them under the tap to remove any dirt or debris from the surface. Move them around a bit to ensure all sides of the berries are rinsed off.[2]
    Make 4th of July Strawberries Step 2.jpg
    • If your strawberries are really dirty, fill a bowl with cool water, submerge them, and swish them back and forth. Then, rinse each one under the tap.
  3. Lay the cleaned berries on paper towels to air-dry them. Let the berries dry completely. If you don’t want to wait for them to air-dry, you can gently pat them dry with more paper towels. Avoid rubbing or applying pressure as you dry them off, since they can be easily damaged.[3]

    • It's important to make sure the strawberries are totally dry before proceeding! If the berries are still damp, the chocolate and sprinkles won't stick.

[Edit]Melting the White Chocolate

  1. Put of white chocolate chips in a microwave-safe bowl. Look for white chocolate chips that are meant for baking, which you can easily find at any grocery store on the baking aisle. You can also try using a white chocolate candy bar--just be sure to break it up into small pieces so that it melts quickly without burning.[4]
    Make 4th of July Strawberries Step 4 Version 3.jpg
    • If you don't want to use your microwave, you can melt the chocolate in a double boiler.[5]
  2. Microwave the chips on HIGH for 30 seconds and stir thoroughly. Place the bowl of white chocolate chips in your microwave. After heating the chocolate for 30 seconds on HIGH, remove the dish and stir the chocolate well. At this point, the chocolate will be partially melted, but still lumpy.[6]

  3. Heat the chocolate in 10-second increments until it's fully melted. Repeat this process until the chocolate is smooth and lump-free. Be sure to stir the chocolate well in between each 10-second increment!
    Make 4th of July Strawberries Step 6.jpg
    • White chocolate burns quickly and everyone’s microwaves are different; don’t try to rush the process by microwaving for longer intervals.[7]

[Edit]Dipping the Berries in Chocolate and Sprinkles

  1. Put 2 tablespoons (28 grams) of blue sugar or sprinkles in a bowl. Measure out the sugar or sprinkles and place them in a medium-sized bowl. You can also use blue-colored sugar crystals or any other type of blue sprinkles that you find in your grocery store’s baking aisle.[8]
    Make 4th of July Strawberries Step 7.jpg
  2. Line a cookie sheet with wax paper. You'll need to transfer the berries to the wax paper immediately after dipping them, so go ahead and get it set up. Make sure there's enough room for all of the strawberries to fit on the wax paper without touching.[9]

  3. Dunk the berries halfway into the melted white chocolate, one at a time. Holding the strawberries by their green leafy stems, dip them one at a time into the melted white chocolate, leaving about half of the strawberry exposed. As you lift each berry out of the melted chocolate, twist your wrist to twirl the strawberry so that the excess chocolate can drip off.[10]

    • If the chocolate gets hard or doesn’t stick well to the strawberries, microwave it again for 10-15 seconds.
  4. Dip the bottom third of the berries into the blue sprinkles. Still working one at a time, dip the tips of the chocolate-covered berries into the blue sprinkles and place them on wax paper to cool and harden. Only dip them about a third of the way, so that the tips are blue and the white chocolate is visible in the middle.[11]

  5. Refrigerate the berries for 30 minutes to set the chocolate. Place the entire tray of berries in the refrigerator for at least half an hour so that the chocolate can harden. Serve the berries within 1-2 hours. Don't refrigerate them for longer than an hour to prevent condensation from forming. They'll hold up at room temperature for about 2 hours.[12]
    Make 4th of July Strawberries Step 11.jpg
    • Be sure to serve the berries on the same day that you made them. They will taste best when they are fresh and crisp.

[Edit]Video

[Edit]Tips

  • Try this recipe with other red fruits such as raspberries for a bit of variety.
  • For extra flavor, use flavored sugars, such as blue raspberry or blueberry.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

  • 3 bowls
  • Measuring spoons and cups
  • Paper towels
  • Microwave or double-boiler
  • Baking tray
  • Wax paper

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

[Edit]Quick Summary

]]>
Sat, 04 Jul 2020 08:00:00 GMT